Adamdighi Upazila

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Adamdighi
আদমদিঘী
Upazila
Adamdighi is located in Bangladesh
Adamdighi
Adamdighi
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°49′N 89°2′E / 24.817°N 89.033°E / 24.817; 89.033Coordinates: 24°49′N 89°2′E / 24.817°N 89.033°E / 24.817; 89.033
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
District Bogra District
Area[1]
 • Total 168.83 km2 (65.19 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Total 195,186
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 5890 to 5892
Website adamdighi.bogra.gov.bd(Bengali)

Adamdighi Upazila (Bengali: আদমদিঘী উপজেলা) is an upazila of Bogra District in the Division of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Adamdighi Thana was established in 1821 and was converted into an upazila in 1983.[3] It is named after its administrative center, the town of Adamdighi. The name derives from Adam's Dighi, which means Adam's Tank. Adam was a great Muslim saint or dervish, known as Baba Adam (Bengali: বাবা আদম).

Etymology[edit]

Baba Adam is very popular among the people of the locality, and commands as much respect from Hindus as from Muslims. Baba Adam is said to have been a contemporary of the famous Rani Bhabani (1716–1795) of Natore, who it is said, with her characteristics magnanimity had a tank dug at the place and dedicated it to the saintly fakir in honour of his supernatural powers. This tank, which is a large one, still bears the name of the fakir as Adamdighi or the Adam's Tank.

Geography[edit]

Adamdighi Upazila has a total area of 168.83 square kilometres (65.19 sq mi).[1] It is the westernmost upazila of Bogra District. It borders Joypurhat District to the north, Dhupchanchia Upazila to the north and east, Kahaloo and Nandigram upazilas to the east, and Naogaon District to the south and west.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. (000) ±%
1981 137 —    
1991 170 +24.1%
2001 187 +10.0%
2011 195 +4.3%
Source:
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics[1]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Adamdighi Upazila had 49,600 households and a population of 195,186, 20.5% of whom lived in urban areas.[2] 8.7% of the population was under the age of 5.[4] The literacy rate (age 7 and over) was 54.6%, compared to the national average of 51.8%.[5][6]

Points of interest[edit]

Administration[edit]

Adamdighi Upazila is divided into Santahar Municipality and six union parishads: Adamdighi Sadar, Chapapur, Chhatiangram, Kundugram, Nashratpur, and Santahar. The union parishads are subdivided into 100 mauzas and 179 villages.

Santahar Municipality is subdivided into 9 wards and 35 mahallas.[1]

Transport[edit]

Santahar railway station is a rail junction between the main line connecting Darshana and Chilahati and the branch line connecting Santahar and Kaunia. In July 2014 between 15 and 20 intercity and 7 mail trains a day departed from Santahar.

Rail station Chhatiangram is on the main line connecting Darshana and Chilahati. In July 2014 it was served by between 10 and 14 intercity and 4 mail trains a day.

Rail stations Adamdighi and Nashratpur are on the branch line connecting Santahar and Kaunia. In July 2014 they were served by six or eight intercity and six mail trains a day.[7]

Education[edit]

There are seven colleges in the upazila. Santahar Government College is the only public one. Private colleges include Adamdighi Rahim Uddin Degree College, Nasratpur Degree College, and Shahid Ahsanul Haque Degree College.[1]

The madrasa education system includes one fazil madrasa.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

Rani Bhabani, zamindar, was born at Chhatiangram in 1716.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "District Statistics 2011: Bogra" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Census 2011: Bogra Table C-01" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Karim, Md Rezaul (2012). "Adamdighi Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  4. ^ "Population Census 2011: Bogra Table C-04" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population Census 2011: Bogra Table C-06" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Census 2011: Bangladesh at a Glance" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Santahar Schedule". Bangladesh Railways. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "List of Institutions". Ministry of Eduction. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  9. ^ Mahmood, ABM (2012). "Rani Bhabani". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.