Adams County, Wisconsin

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Adams County, Wisconsin
Adams County Wisconsin Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Adams County, Wisconsin
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Adams County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1848
Named for John Adams or John Quincy Adams
Seat Friendship
Largest city Adams
 • Total 689 sq mi (1,785 km2)
 • Land 646 sq mi (1,673 km2)
 • Water 43 sq mi (111 km2), 6.2%
 • (2010) 20,875
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Adams County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,875.[1] Its county seat is Friendship.[2] Sources differ as to whether its name is in honor of the second President of the United States, John Adams, or his son, the sixth President, John Quincy Adams.


The area covered by present-day Adams County was historically part of several other counties. In 1840, when Wisconsin was still a territory, Adams County was the southwestern section of Brown County. In 1836, Portage County was created and included most of present day Columbia County, including the city of Portage, Wisconsin. In 1846, Portage County was renamed Columbia County. The area from the northern boundary of Columbia County to Lake Superior was removed from Brown County and was then called Portage County. In 1848, the southern part of Portage County was renamed Adams County and included all of current-day Adams County and the northern section of Juneau County. In 1858, The northwestern part of Adams County was joined with the northern part of Sauk County to form present-day Juneau County. At this time, Adams County took its current shape.

Friendship was founded by settlers coming from Friendship, New York. Today, Adams is the largest community in Adams County, but this was not always so. In the 1880s, there were plans for a railroad that connected Chicago and St. Paul to pass through Friendship. Once this was decided, local landowners increased their demands. Instead of paying more for the land in Friendship, the railroad placed the tracks two miles (3 km) south of Friendship. It was recorded that Emma Barnes, wife of "Appletree" Barnes, Friendship postmaster in the 1920s, wrote in 1957, "I believe that the people of Friendship should express their appreciation of two of the early citizens... J. B. Hill and J. W. Purves... for holding the price of their land so high that the great C&NW R.R. Co. would not purchase a right of way... for who would enjoy the smoke and the noise of a train running through this beautiful village?"

To house workers, boxcars were stacked to form housing, and the town of Adams was created. What is now called the City of Adams the railroad originally called Friendship, but because there were two rail depot stops named "Friendship" on the rail-line, passengers were often confused and bought the wrong tickets, so it was suggested that the name be changed. Photo of Depot Showing "Friendship" The new name was determined by the citizens who chose between Adams, for President Adams, and Nottingham. This stretch of track became the famous "400" route. Today, the population of Adams is about three times that of Friendship.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 689 square miles (1,780 km2), of which 646 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 43 square miles (110 km2) (6.2%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 187
1860 6,492 3,371.7%
1870 6,601 1.7%
1880 6,741 2.1%
1890 6,889 2.2%
1900 9,141 32.7%
1910 8,604 −5.9%
1920 9,287 7.9%
1930 8,003 −13.8%
1940 8,449 5.6%
1950 7,906 −6.4%
1960 7,566 −4.3%
1970 9,234 22.0%
1980 13,457 45.7%
1990 15,682 16.5%
2000 18,643 18.9%
2010 20,875 12.0%
Est. 2012 20,679 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Adams County

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 18,643 people, 7,900 households, and 5,466 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 14,123 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.63% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.3% were of German, 14.8% American, 9.2% Polish, 8.3% Norwegian, 8.0% Irish and 6.0% English ancestry. 96.1% spoke English, 1.8% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 7,900 households out of which 23.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 28.40% from 45 to 64, and 20.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males.

According to the 2005 Census, German was the most commonly reported ethnic group in Adams County. The leading ethnic groups were:

  • German 35.1%
  • Irish 10.7%
  • Polish 9.1%
  • Norwegian 8.1%
  • English 7.1%


County boundary marker along the Wisconsin River.




Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°58′N 89°46′W / 43.97°N 89.77°W / 43.97; -89.77