Adams Lake

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Adams Lake
Adams lake.jpg
Adams Lake from space (August 1989)
Location British Columbia
Coordinates 51°15′N 119°30′W / 51.250°N 119.500°W / 51.250; -119.500Coordinates: 51°15′N 119°30′W / 51.250°N 119.500°W / 51.250; -119.500
Primary inflows Upper Adams River, Momich River, Bush Creek
Primary outflows Lower Adams River
Basin countries Canada
Max. length 63 km (39 mi)
Max. width 3.2 km (2.0 mi)
Surface area 137 square kilometres (53 sq mi)
Average depth 299 m (986 ft)
Max. depth 1,523 ft
Water volume 23.2 cubic kilometres (5.6 cu mi)
Surface elevation 404 m (1,326 ft)

Adams Lake is a large, deep, coldwater lake. The southern end of the lake is approximately 30 km (19 mi) north of the town of Chase in the Shuswap Country region of British Columbia, Canada. The lake's upper reaches lie in the northern Monashee Mountains, while its lower end penetrates the Shuswap Highland.[1]

The lake is 63 km (39 mi) long and between 1.6 km and 3.2 km (1 to 2 miles) wide. The surface elevation is 404 meters (1,326 feet) above sea level. The lake is very deep; it is the second deepest lake in British Columbia next to Quesnel Lake with a maximum depth of 500 meters (1500 feet). Water flows into the lake though many tributaries (most notably the Upper Adams River, Momich River, and Bush Creek). The water drains from the lake into the Lower Adams River which is home to a very large and famous sockeye salmon run which attracts many visitors to the region each year. From there the water flows into Shuswap Lake, and down the Thompson River.

Though a few villages exist along Adams Lake, the vast majority of the lake is undeveloped. The lack of development is partially due to the nature of the shoreline, which is mostly sheer rock faces or steep, stony beaches. Few recreationally suitable beaches exist naturally on the lake. Some man-made sandy beaches have been constructed for public use. (see "Adams Lake Provincial Park")

History[edit]

Chief Adam (sometimes spelled Atahm) was a prominent Secwepemc chief in the mid-nineteenth century. By most accounts,[2][3] the lake is named after him. Adam died in the 1862 smallpox epidemic, which, according to James Teit,[4] killed over half the local Secwepemc population.

Adams Lake has been the site of two Secwepemc blockades, one in solidarity with the Kanesatake Mohawk in 1990, and the other in the summer of 1995, to prevent the development of a 60-unit recreational vehicle park on Secwepemc burial ground.[5]

Sternwheeler Helen towing a log boom on Adams Lake, c.1920

The north end of Adams Lake is called Mumix in the Shuswap language.[6]

Forestry[edit]

Forestry forms the economic base for the region. Unpaved logging roads, which provide the only land access, run the full length of the lake. At the south end of the lake operates a saw mill. The logs for which are harvested further up the lake, deposited into the lake near the Momich River by a large crane. The logs are then floated down the lake to the mill in log booms drawn by tug boats. It is a common sight to see these log booms anchored in wait at lakeside.

Recreation[edit]

Adams Lake is used for recreation year round. Sport anglers commonly fish the lake for Rainbow Trout, Kokanee, Lake trout, and Dolly Varden. The lake is also used for swimming, pleasure boating and water skiing. The area around the lake is popular with campers and is home to a large variety of flora and fauna. During autumn and winter people hunt for game birds and big game such as mule deer, black bear, and cougar (mountain lion).

Climate[edit]

  • Average Hours of Sunshine: 2,000+ per year
  • Average Rainfall: 304.7 mm (11 in) annually
  • Average Snowfall: 139.8 cm (55 in) in the valleys. Up to 644 cm (253.5 in) on the mountains
  • Frost Free Days: 120–175 days annually

Average maximum temperature (summer): 28.4 °C (84 °F) Average minimum temperature (winter): -8.8 °C (16 °F)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adams Lake". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/174.html.
  2. ^ "Shuswap: The Forgotten Community", Dunn, Joyce, found in "Reflections: Thompson Valley Histories", eds. Norton, Wayne, and Schmidt, Wilf, Plateau Press, Kamloops, B.C., 1994, page 149
  3. ^ "Shuswap History - The First 100 Years", Coffey, John et al, Secwepemc Cultural Education Society, Kamloops, B.C., 1990, pg. 18
  4. ^ "The Shuswap, Memoirs #4, Part 7", Teit, James, American Museum of Natural History, 1909, page 466
  5. ^ Secwepemc History of Resistance
  6. ^ "Secwepemc Historical Sites". Secwepemculecw, Land of the Shuswap. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 

External links[edit]