Adapazarı

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Adapazarı
Metropolitan Municipality
Sakaryaistanbulbus.jpg
Adapazarı is located in Turkey
Adapazarı
Adapazarı
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 40°47′N 30°24′E / 40.783°N 30.400°E / 40.783; 30.400
Country  Turkey
Province Sakarya Province
District Adapazarı District
Government
 • Mayor Suleyman Disli
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Urban 244,748
 • District 257,826
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 54***
Area code(s) (+90) 264
Vehicle registration 54
Website Municipality site

Adapazarı (pronounced [adapaˈzaɾɯ]) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of Sakarya Province. The province itself was originally named Adapazarı as well. Adapazarı is a part of the densely populated region of the country, known as the Marmara Region. In 2011, the city had a population of 239,284

History[edit]

The history of Adapazarı dates back to 378 BC. Ancient settlers included Phrygians, Bithynians, Cimmerians, Lydians and Persians, but Adapazarı got its identity from the Romans and Greek Byzantine rulers. One of the most important remains of historical significance is the Justinianus Bridge (Turkish: Beş Köprü) built by Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 533 CE. Historically, it was situated on the old military road from Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the east, connected in Late Antiquity by the important Sangarius Bridge and, since the end of the 19th century, by a branch line with the Anatolian railway.

In 1868, the Adapazarı Municipality was officially founded on the town called Der Seadet. A sugar factory and agricultural sugar factory attracted many migrants and accelerated the industrialization of the city. A law passed on 17 June 1954 in the Grand National Assembly saw the city separated from Kocaeli Province and made the center of its own province. The 1999 Marmara Earthquake affected Adapazarı and inflicted losses in lives and damage. In the 2000 official census,the population was recorded as 158 474. By official decree, the province was renamed Sakarya after the Sakarya River which runs through it.

Climate[edit]

Adapazarı has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), with considerable maritime and continental influences. Summers are hot and very humid, and the average maximum temperature is around 29 °C in July and August, although temperatures do usually exceed 30 °C in June, July, August and even September. Winters are cool and damp, and the lowest average minimum temperature is around 3 °C in January. Precipitation is high and fairly evenly distributed the year round, and is heaviest in autumn, winter, spring.

Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two, and it can be heavy.

Climate data for Adapazarı
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.6
(51.1)
13.6
(56.5)
18.7
(65.7)
23.4
(74.1)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
29.3
(84.7)
26.1
(79)
21.2
(70.2)
16.2
(61.2)
11.5
(52.7)
19.76
(67.58)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
6.4
(43.5)
8.6
(47.5)
12.8
(55)
17.3
(63.1)
21.5
(70.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
19.5
(67.1)
15.5
(59.9)
11.3
(52.3)
8.0
(46.4)
14.47
(58.03)
Average low °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
3.1
(37.6)
4.7
(40.5)
8.2
(46.8)
12.1
(53.8)
15.9
(60.6)
18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.3
(52.3)
7.4
(45.3)
5.0
(41)
10.13
(50.25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 94.1
(3.705)
77.0
(3.031)
70.0
(2.756)
61.2
(2.409)
49.5
(1.949)
67.1
(2.642)
53.1
(2.091)
47.6
(1.874)
47.8
(1.882)
89.4
(3.52)
85.8
(3.378)
104.2
(4.102)
846.8
(33.339)
Avg. rainy days 15.5 14.1 13.0 11.6 9.8 8.6 6.3 6.7 7.7 11.9 12.7 15.6 133.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 71.3 81.2 117.8 150 210.8 249 272.8 260.4 204 139.5 96 71.3 1,924.1
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [2]

Economy[edit]

Adapazarı is the location of a large automobile factory owned by the Toyota Motor Corporation, as well as the Hyundai EURotem train factory. One of the biggest Turkish defense industry Tank Pallet 1st Main Maintenance of Turkish Defense and Otokar a major manufacturer of buses and military vehicles are located in Sakarya. Other major industries in the city and its surrounding province include textile factories for silk and linen products. Agriculture and forestry also form an important part of the city's economy, with the production of tobacco, hazelnuts (fındık variety), walnut-wood, cocoons and vegetables. Adapazari is one of the most important industrial capitals of Turkey. While Turkey is a developing country, the city of Adapazari renovated it's infrastructure and industry after the 17 August 1999 catastrophic earthquake which left 600.000 casualties behind. In memory of the earthquake municipality had built a museum of earthquake in city center.

Education[edit]

Sakarya University was founded as Sakarya Engineering and Architecture School in 1970. It was renamed Sakarya State Engineering and Architecture Academy in 1971. It began Master of Science and Doctorate of Philosophy programs in 1980. The programs were executed by İTÜ (İstanbul Technical University) Institute of Naturel and Applied Sciences. It was affiliated to İstanbul Technical University in 1982 as Sakarya Engineering Faculty in 1982. Finally, it left from İTÜ and became the Engineering Faculty of Sakarya University in 1992. Since there is a large student body of the university, the city of Sakarya is influenced by the university.

Sports[edit]

Adapazarı is home to Sakaryaspor. Sakaryaspor has won the Turkish Cup once and has played in the Turkcell Super League for 11 seasons. They were promoted again to the Bank Asya 1.Lig this year,[when?] the second level in the Turkish Football pyramid, as they beat Konya Şeker S.K., Bugsaşspor and Bandırmaspor consecutively in the play-off games of Spor Toto 2. Lig. Even though Sakaryaspor is not always a permanent team in the Super League, they have raised many of Turkey's best players, such as Hakan Şükür, Tuncay Şanlı, Oğuz Çetin, Aykut Kocaman and many more.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

City Country Year
Delft Netherlands Netherlands
Shumen Bulgaria Bulgaria
Louisville, Kentucky United States United States of America 2012
Sukhum Georgia (country) Georgia

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  2. ^ "Sakarya Merkez (Adapazarı)". Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Retrieved 14 March 2011. 

Coordinates: 40°47′N 30°24′E / 40.783°N 30.400°E / 40.783; 30.400