Adaptations of Wuthering Heights

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This is a list of adaptations of Wuthering Heights, which was Emily Brontë's only novel. It was first published in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell, and a posthumous second edition was edited by her sister Charlotte.

Film, television and radio[edit]

1920–1940[edit]

1940–1960[edit]

  • A 1953 adaptation on BBC Television was scripted by Nigel Kneale, directed by Rudolph Cartier and starred Richard Todd as Heathcliff and Yvonne Mitchell as Catherine. This version does not survive in the BBC archives. According to Kneale, it was made simply because Todd had turned up at the BBC one day and said that he wanted to play Heathcliff for them; Kneale was forced to write the script in only a week as the adaptation was rushed into production.[2]
  • A 1954 Spanish-language adaptation filmed in Mexico by Luis Buñuel, titled Abismos de Pasión. May be the only one film that reflects the original personalities of the characters, without pretending to adapt the film to Hollywood canons, without any attempt to finesse, but more aggressive and following the spirit of Brontë's novel.
  • 1954: a radio play adaptation on Lux Radio Theater with Merle Oberon and Cameron Mitchell (14 September 1954).
  • A 1959 adaptation aired on ABC television in Australia, using Nigel Kneale's script.[3] Broadcast live in Sydney, a kinescope was made of the broadcast and shown in Melbourne at a later date. It is not known if the kinescope recording still exists.

1960–1980[edit]

  • In 1962, BBC Television screened a new production of their 1953 version. This was again produced by Rudolph Cartier and has been preserved in the archives. Kneale's adaptation concentrates on the first half of the novel, removing the second generation of Earnshaws and Lintons entirely. Claire Bloom played Catherine and Keith Michell was Heathcliff.[4]
  • 1966:Dil Diya Dard Liya A Bollywood movie starring Dileep Kumar, Pran, Waheeda Rehman.
  • 1967: Wuthering Heights BBC miniseries starring Ian McShane as Heathcliff and Angela Scoular as Cathy
  • 1968: Les Hauts de Hurlevent French TV 2-part adaptation directed by Jean-Paul Carrère starring Geneviève Casile as Catherine, Claude Titre as Heathcliff and Patrick Dewaere cast as the younger Heathcliff.
  • 1970: Wuthering Heights starring Timothy Dalton as Heathcliff and Anna Calder-Marshall as Catherine (the elder). It does not cover the whole story.
  • 1970: Monty Python's Flying Circus Season 2 episode # 15 featured a sketch "The Semaphore Version of Wuthering Heights", which had the actors communicating via semaphore flags.
  • 1971: Gothic soap opera Dark Shadows used the story as inspiration for its final storyline, episodes 1186 to 1245.
  • 1971-1976: The comedy TV-show Dave Allen at Large frequently included sketches based on Heathcliff and Cathy running endlessly towards each other.
  • Egyptian television did a serialised version in the early 1970s.
  • 1978: Another BBC adaptation, Wuthering Heights, directed by Peter J. Hammond and produced by Jonathan Powell, with screenplays by Hugh Leonard and David Snodin. Ken Hutchison plays Heathcliff and Kay Adshead plays Cathy. This adaptation covers the whole story, and has been reissued on DVD.
  • 1979: A spoken word album of Wuthering Heights featuring Judith Anderson, Claire Bloom, James Mason, George Rose, and Gordon Gould, is released and subsequently nominated for a 1979 Grammy Award in the category of Best Spoken Word Album.

1980–2000[edit]

2000–present[edit]

Opera and theatre[edit]

Sequels, followups, reimaginings, and mash-ups[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wuthering Heights (1920) at the Internet Movie Database
  2. ^ Murray, Andy (2006). Into the Unknown: The Fantastic Life of Nigel Kneale (paperback). London: Headpress. p. 34. ISBN 1-900486-50-4. 
  3. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=n6UUAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Sq8DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4714%2C592640
  4. ^ Wake, Oliver. "Wuthering Heights (1962)". Screenonline. Retrieved 25 February 2007. 
  5. ^ Cime tempestose (2004) at the Internet Movie Database
  6. ^ "Wuthering Heights (TV) (2009)". Retrieved 18 January 2009. 
  7. ^ "Review of Wuthering Heights at Harrogate Theatre". digyorkshire.com. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2009. 
  8. ^ Music Web International
  9. ^ WKMS.org - Commentary Template
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Wuthering Heights by Bernard J. Taylor