Sheikhan

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For places in Iran, see Sheykhan (disambiguation).
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Moza Sheikhan
Moza Sheikhan is located in Pakistan
Moza Sheikhan
Moza Sheikhan
Coordinates: 31°36′N 72°28′E / 31.60°N 72.46°E / 31.60; 72.46
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
Elevation 152 m (499 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Sheikhan City is situated in District Chiniot in Punjab province of Pakistan.

Ali Chowk AddaSheikhan. The road heading towards Sheikhan Village.
Beside the Grave Yard near Malang Morrside view of The Sheikhan
North Side of Adda Sheikhan a view from in front of Old Habib Bank Branch at Lalian Jahng road.

Geography[edit]

Southern side[edit]

The village Sheikhan is situated in some distance 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from the right bank of river Chenab (Chanhan) in Utar region which flows in south east of village. A rain pond is also located at some half-mile distant from village in southern side called Sangar.

Northern side[edit]

In North Side, a canal flowing from river Jehlum (Vehat) provides water to village lands for cultivation. Most of the population lives in old villages while a colony was also settled by prime minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 70s for non landowning people, and also a number of population is living in north side crossing the canal after the development of a link road between Jhang and Lalian which is called Adda Sheikhan.

Adjoining villages[edit]

Bhawana is just 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Sheikhan. Adjoining Villages in West are Ratta Matta, Sahdipur, Tibbi Lalera, TindianWala, Kot Sultan, Inayatpur and Thatta Shah Jamal whole across the river Thatta Muhammad Shah. Other several hamlets (wells) are part of the village and are also populated place like Chah Rustlliwala, Mundi ber, Jhalar Nathu Shah. As before the canal irrigation system each 50-acre (200,000 m2) of land was cultivated with the help of wells, so there are several wells existing in village lands like Gulabewala, Rariwala, Ameerwala, Hari Singh Wala, Kohluwala etc. In eastern side Muhammad Wala is located near thana Muhammad Wala.

Vegetation[edit]

Being an agricultural area most of the land is ploughed but still waste land can be found here specially near the river banks. Different kind of trees, grasses and shrubs are found here.

Trees[edit]

Kikar, Talhi, Jand, pippal, Bohar, Vann.

Shrubs[edit]

Karil, Akk, others.

Grasses[edit]

Lunak, Dhaman, others.

Herbs[edit]

Hermal

People[edit]

Famous Peoples[edit]

  • Tayyab deendar (traider)
  • Muhammad Iqbal deendar (Traider)
  • Haji Zafar Iqbal
  • Hafiz Tanveer Abbas(ATI Member)
  • Mehmood Sikander sultani(ATI member)
  • Imtiaz Ahmad Kharal (ATI member)
  • Abdul Qayyum (Teacher)
  • Syed Muhammad Ali Tirmazi (Education)
  • Syed Naseer Hussain Tirmizi {Number Daar}
  • Syed Abbas (Number Daar)
  • Syed Izhar Baqir Tirmize (Master In English)
  • Muhammad Raza (ISO Student Member)
  • Muhammad Hassan (ISO Member)
  • Rana Ishraf (Trader)
  • Rana Kamran Ashraf (CSS Student)
  • rana tahir (civil sub engineer)
  • rana turab ali(A level student)

Most of the People living here belong to the Tirmizi Sadat tribe, descendants of Shah Sheikhan who was a descendant of Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi, the ninth Imam of Shi'a Muslims and also 8th in the pedigree tree of Hazrat Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib. The other leading tribe is Chadhar whose four families from wejhwa sub tribe of chadhar live here: Ramzan Ke, Zamme Ke, Ghamme Ke and Dargahi Ke. Other tribes also live here in small number like Sial, Khokhar, Bhutta, Dhudhi etc.

History[edit]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Chiniot District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Chiniot District increased in population and importance.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Chiniot District.

Celebrities[edit]

Shaheed Quaid Allama Syed Arif Hussain Al-Hussaini, Allama syed Sajid Ali Naqvi, Allama Muhammad Hussain Najafi (Dhakku), Allama Nazar Hussain tiwana also known as Nazar Qutbi, Allama Nazir Hussain Dhakku, Allama Syed Iftikhar Hussain Naqvi Al-Najafi the principal Jamia Imam Khomeini Mari Indus, Allama Syed Mazhar Kazmi the principal Jamiatul Baeathat of Rajoa Sadat.

Poets and scholars[edit]

Khan Ghulam Abid Baloch Pen Name Mumtaz (Blessed), Nazar Muhammad Taseer, Riaz Hussain Jaffery

Education[edit]

There are two Government primary schools for boys in the village. One of which has been serving since before the partition, two Government primary schools for girls, while three private secondary co schools namely Jinnah Cadet School. set almost 6 years before in year 1998, Science School System and Al-Qamar Science Education System making all possible efforts to cope with the state of the art education.

There are students in Engineering (Naval, Nuclear, Telecommunication, Chemical, Environmental Science and Civil etc.), Space Technology, Medicine, Business, Education and almost in every field of the modern age.

This small but the most fertile homeland is proud of her sons having exposure of European Education and Research System.

Khan Ghulam Abid (Urdu: خان غلام عابد) (deceased) was a primary school teacher by profession. He used to be called Mumtaz in his kalam. He actually belonged to the village Bullo (known as Bullo Balocha(n)) situated at the right bank of river Jehlum. He was posted by education department at the primary school Adda Sheikhan as a teacher, but he fell in love with the soil of Sheikhan and chose this land as his homeland and started living here even after his retirement, still his family lives here. He was the teacher and spiritual father of two generations. Being an excellent natured personality, people of all age groups loved him very much. He in fact, tried his best to accommodate/support all the needy people. He urged the community to enhance their moral, social, economical and educational growth. He was the first person on this land who made the people realise their sense of self-respect and educated them to attain the real freedom from feudal lords. This was the only way of life, acceptable for the free nations, he enlightened awareness. He proved himself with his actions, to be an ideal teacher, the best father, an excellent scholar/historian, poet, speaker and simply Master of ALL Trades. His teachings about life are really worth following. He spent much time of his mature age in the company of religious scholars, political leaders, poets, excellent teachers and the reflections of grasped excellent features were expressed on so many occasions by him and his students are trying to opt his practices in their lives.

Besides being an affectionate teacher he was known for his poetry specifically a type of poetry called Noha. Noha is a type of poetry in Punjabi Language in which the miseries (masaaieb) of Ahle Bait specifically Imam Hussain (A.S) in the tragedy of Karbala are stated. He created famous nohas of his time.

Language[edit]

The dominated language is Punjabi Language while Urdu is also spoken.

Culture[edit]

The dominating culture of the region is a civilized form of Bari Culture i.e. the culture of Sandal Bar area though physically this area is not the part of Sandal Bar region. Sandal Bar is some mile away from here across the river Chenab.

Calendar[edit]

Along with the modern Gregorian Calendar the traditional Bikrami calendar and the in religious matters Islamic Hijri Calendar are followed here.

Religious events like Births and Deaths of Masoomen (A.S) are followed according to Islamic Hijri Calendar while official events like school exams etc. are performed according to Gregorian calendar but Bikrami Calendar is popular and has its roots in people.

Sports[edit]

  • Cricket
  • Volley Ball
  • Kabaddi
  • Gully Danda

Many tournaments of Cricket were played in this region. Almost all youth is interested in Cricket and Volley Ball.

Dress[edit]

Men[edit]

Men tie a petty coat called Majhla on waist and it goes to ankles while wear a kurta which covers upper part of body usually it drops to knees. Majhla is apiece of cloth usually 6 meters long and 1 and 1/2 meter broad. Men tie a turban at their heads. But while visiting houses of syeds men do not wear turban for due respect to their status of being descendants of Muhammad.

Women[edit]

Women also wear the same dress but there is difference in tying the majhla and that style is called Dhudder and by this style the part is covered in such a way there is no chance of uncovering any part of lower body. Women keep a scarf on their heads. It is said that some decades ago women used to wear choli on upper part of body that is a part of Rajasthani Culture.

Shoes[edit]

The traditional shoes are called Khussa which are made of pure cow leather and is decorated with Tilla a golden or silver shining stuff. Jewellery Jewellery called Toomb in local language includes Mundri, Chhalla, Choorian, Kangan, Panjangla, Tikka, Nath, Hamel, Kantey, Gulooband etc.

Modern era changes in dress[edit]

With the advent of the modern age, the younger generation usually do not wear traditional dresses and are used to wearing Shalwar (a loose trouser), Qameez (a loose long shirt) and English trousers and shirt.

Food[edit]

Meal is taken thrice a day.

Tukkar[edit]

Tukkar, Phulka or Roti is the local name of bread. It is mostly baked in Desi Oven called Tandoor. In past it was only baked at tnadoors owned by Dayas but this tradition is gradually vanishing and even it is replaced by the stove baked bread. Loon or salt is the essential part of flour prepared for bread. Paratha is a kind of bread whose flour is prepared with Oil or Desi Gheu.

Bhaji[edit]

Is the local name of curry. Also called Salen is basically a mixture of red peppers, salt, water, vegetables, ghee, beef or mutton, taken along with chapaties for lunch or dinner.

Chawal[edit]

Template:Basically its a common name for Rice

Lassi[edit]

Main article: Lassi

Lassi is produced from milk. There are two types of Lassi: kachi Lassi, Pakki Lassi.

Dudh[edit]

Dhudh, also called dhoodh, is milk of cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep and camels, favourite of JATT peoples.

Local cuisine[edit]

Judicial system[edit]

Parhen[edit]

Even today's fastest world, Parhen or Parhea is working well towards the solution/decision of all social issues generated among the people.

Thana Barana[edit]

Located at Muhammad Wala, is the nearest ultimate FIR destiny.

Religion[edit]

Almost 50% of the population belong to Shi'a Ithna Ashri Muslims, who believe in 12 imams being Hazrat Hujjat Ibn al Hassan al Askari (A.F.S) the last 12th Imam appearing in end of times. All the people became the followers of shietteism when a person named Chaghatta belonging to Zamme Ke family of Wejhwa Chadhar tribe started preaching shietteism almost 150 years before. The other 50% Sunni Muslims are enjoying peaceful life without the concept of being minority.

Holy places[edit]

There are four Mosques and Imam Bargahs in different points of villages form which two are the oldest ones, one of which is cared by Syeds of village while other is cared by the descendants of chaghatta or Zamme ke family. There is also a Madersa near Adda Sheikhan named Jamia Imamul Asr which is affiliated with Jamia Imam Khomeini Mari Indus. On the other hand, Sunni boys and girls get their religious education in their respective Madrasas situated in the vicinity of Mosques. Shia Sunni brotherhood can be seen on the occasion of Ashura every year, when Shi'a Muslims are in processions while Sunni Muslims are making arrangements of Sabeel for them. Annual Processiona on 10th of Muharram are carried through Thatta Shah Jamal, adjoining hamlets and Adda Sheikhan to Sheikhan.

Production[edit]

The area in nature is an agrarian area that is why all production of the village is agro based.

Wheat[edit]

Wheat which is the essential part of local people's food is major crop of area.

Rice[edit]

Local people don't like rice much for eating as there is proverb in local language Sevian Murath taeen chawal Adhi raat taeen meaning Pasta is digested in between reaching up to door and rice is digested maximum till midnight. Nonetheless, rice is a major crop of the area.

Cotton[edit]

Cotton is grown in the village but that could only fulfil the needs of village people.

Barley[edit]

Barley is grown along with wheat and is cut a month before the wheat. It is used to get satoo by crushong it graining. Satoo is used for drinking mixing in water.

Vegetables[edit]

Almost all kind of vegetables like cauliflower, turnip, cabbage, lady finger.

Oranges[edit]

Orange called Malta in local language is the major fruit of area which grows in winter season, starts from October and remains till April.

Sugar cane[edit]

Sugar cane locally called Ganna is also produced here and is supplied to sugar mills and is also used in producing Gur that is pieces of brown sugar.

Melons[edit]

Water melon is also a major production of area because there is plenty of underground water in Hithar Area at banks of river. Its local name is kalak.

Another variety of melon whose local name is Rainndi is also a major production in Hithari lands of Sheikhan. This is a deep-ribbed melon.

Other fruit[edit]

Other fruits production of the area include mango, Bair (local name).

Grasses[edit]

Chhatala, Bersin, Chari Bajra are the local name of grasses produced here as pet animal feed.

Milk and dairy products[edit]

As its an agro based area, most of people keep cows and buffaloes. The milk is collected by various milk reprocessing companies like Nestle, Chaudhry Dairies Limited, Mubarak Dairies.

Animal fat that is extracted from the cream in milk is called Desi Gheu in local language and is internally traded. It was the major part of daily diest some decades ago and now has been replaced by various kinds of Hydrogenated Fats.

Another very delicious milk product (Dahee), a yoghurt, extracted condensely, is prepared at home.

Butter is also traded internally.

Business places[edit]

Adda Sheikhan has become a business hub of the area. A branch of Habib Bank is situated at Adda Sheikhan. The crops, urea and other goods are well traded here and people of surrounding villages prefer doing their sale purchase at Adda Sheikhan. A telephone exchange is also fulfilling the communication needs of the entire area since 2005.

Communications[edit]

Mobile phone operators[edit]

Telephone exchange[edit]

Some 5 years ago a landline telephone exchange was set up here by Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation Ltd. Syed Shabar Abbas is head of this exchange.

Telephone area code[edit]

Area Code for landline numbers is 0477 which is actually for the whole of district Jhang. Most of the numbers of area start with 6600xx and 6601xx total seven numbers.

World Wide Web[edit]

Connectivity to world wide web or Internet is available here through dialup connection.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

A road that is a link road between Lalian and Jhang City passes through Sheikhan. The main sources of travelling on this road, are van and buses. Bus system has a long route from Jhang to Lalian but Vans start their route from Sheikhan to Jhang and vice versa.

Air[edit]

If one intends to come here by air, one must pick a flight to Faisalabad where one can hire a car to reach Jhang city and then into Sheikhan. Or one can avail a public transport that is van or bus from Faisalbad to Jhang and then again have to pick a van or auto bus from Jhang Lari Adda (Bus Terminal) to Sheikhan.

Rail[edit]

The location can be reached by Shorkot-Shaheenabad (Multan-Sargodha Mainline) branch line. About 8 trains run on the track daily.

External links[edit]

YouTube videos


Coordinates: 31°36′N 72°28′E / 31.60°N 72.46°E / 31.60; 72.46