Addison County, Vermont

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 44°03′N 73°07′W / 44.050°N 73.117°W / 44.050; -73.117

Addison County, Vermont
Map of Vermont highlighting Addison County
Location in the state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont
Vermont's location in the U.S.
Founded 1785
Shire Town Middlebury
Largest town Middlebury
Area
 • Total 808 sq mi (2,093 km2)
 • Land 766 sq mi (1,984 km2)
 • Water 41 sq mi (106 km2), 5.1%
Population
 • (2010) 36,821
 • Density 48/sq mi (18.47/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.addisoncounty.com

Addison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,821.[1] Its shire town is Middlebury.[2]

History[edit]

Iroquois settled in the county before European arrived in 1609. French settlers in Crown Point, New York extended their settlements across Lake Champlain. A few individuals or families came up the lake from Canada and established themselves at Chimney Point in 1730. In 1731, at Cross Point Fort Frederic was erected. In the year 1759, General Amherst occupied Cross Point and British settler's settlers came in. The Battle of Bennington in Bennington, fought on August 16, 1777, brought a turning point for the American independence against British.

This county was established by act of the Legislature October 18, 1785.[3] at the period of Vermont Republic. In 1791, Vermont joined the federal union after the original thirteen colonies. The main product of the county was wheat. In addition to wheat, farmers began to raise flocks on the field for manuring around 1820s. The Champlain Canal was opened on 1823, so the ships could navigate from the Hudson river. In 1840, the county produced more wool than any other county in the United States.[3]

When Vermont was admitted into the Union in 1791, in the major towns there were totally 9,267 people. In 1830, there were 26,503 people.

In 2008, the federal government declared the county a disaster area after severe storms and flooding June 14–17.[4]

Geography[edit]

Lake Dunmore is located in Salisbury and Leicester, entirely within Addison County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 808 square miles (2,090 km2), of which 766 square miles (1,980 km2) is land and 41 square miles (110 km2) (5.1%) is water.[5]

The county of Addison is situated on the west line of Vermont state and nearly in the center north and south; between 43° 50′ and 44° 10′ north latitude. The primary stream of the county is Otter Creek, which runs through the county from the south to the north.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

ACTR bus in Middlebury

Air[edit]

The Middlebury State Airport serves private aviation for Addison County. Commercial airlines are available to the north at Burlington International Airport in Chittenden County, and to the south at Rutland - Southern Vermont Regional Airport in Rutland County.

Bus[edit]

The primary public bus service in Addison County is operated by Addison County Transit Resources (ACTR). There is extensive bus service around Middlebury with connections to Vergennes and Bristol, as well as commuter busses to Burlington and Rutland operated in conjunction with Chittenden County Transportation Authority (CCTA) and the Marble Valley Regional Transit District, respectively.

Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 6,420
1800 13,417 109.0%
1810 19,998 49.0%
1820 20,469 2.4%
1830 24,940 21.8%
1840 23,583 −5.4%
1850 26,549 12.6%
1860 24,010 −9.6%
1870 23,484 −2.2%
1880 24,173 2.9%
1890 22,277 −7.8%
1900 21,912 −1.6%
1910 20,010 −8.7%
1920 18,666 −6.7%
1930 17,952 −3.8%
1940 17,944 0.0%
1950 19,442 8.3%
1960 20,076 3.3%
1970 24,266 20.9%
1980 29,406 21.2%
1990 32,953 12.1%
2000 35,974 9.2%
2010 36,821 2.4%
Est. 2012 36,745 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2012[1]

At the 2000 census[10], there were 35,974 people, 13,068 households and 9,108 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 per square mile (18/km²). There were 15,312 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.86% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.5% were of English, 12.7% American, 12.0% French, 10.8% French Canadian, 10.8% Irish and 6.7% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English, 1.8% French and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 13,068 households of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

Age distribution was 24.90% under the age of 18, 12.50% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median household income was $43,142, and the median family income was $49,351. Males had a median income of $31,836 versus $24,416 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,539. About 5.10% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

For historical populations since 1900, see Historical U.S. Census totals for Addison County, Vermont

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[11]
Year Democrat Republican
2012 68.4% 12,257 29.1% 5,203
2008 68.6% 13,202 29.5% 5,667
2004 60.0% 11,147 38.1% 7,077
2000 51.3% 8,936 39.9% 6,953

Education[edit]

Middlebury College is located in Addison County.

Addison County has the following high schools:

Addison County is also home to two institutions of higher learning, Middlebury College and the Community College of Vermont, both located in Middlebury[12]

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b Samuel Swift (1859). History of Addison county. A. H. Coperland. 
  4. ^ Sutkoski, Matt (August 1, 2008). Summer has been wet one for the ages. Burlington Free Press. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  12. ^ Education in Addison County, Vermont. Addisoncounty.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.

External links[edit]