Addison Hutton

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Addison Hutton
HUTTON.jpg
Born (1834-11-28)November 28, 1834
Died June 26, 1916(1916-06-26) (aged 81)
Buildings

Parrish Hall, Swarthmore College
Arch Street Methodist Church
Ridgway Library

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Addison Hutton (1834–1916) was a Philadelphia architect who designed prominent residences in Philadelphia and its suburbs, plus courthouses, hospitals, and libraries, including the Ridgway Library (now Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts) and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He made major additions to the campuses of Westtown School, George School, Swarthmore College, Bryn Mawr College, and Lehigh University.

Biography[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

Addison Hutton was born on November 28, 1834. He grew up in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, southeast of Pittsburgh. He was the son of Joel Hutton, a Quaker carpenter, and Ann Mains.[1] At an early age, he became fond of the "solid necessities of building" and enjoyed working alongside his father. Like his father, Addison would vary between carpenting and school. A young man named Robert Grimacy gave him lessons in architecture; it was then that Addison Hutton considered it to be a possible direction in his own life.

Parrish Hall, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA (1869). Named in honor of Swarthmore's first president, Edward Parrish, Parrish Hall contains the admissions, housing, and financial aid offices, along with dormitories on the upper floors.

Career[edit]

Addison Hutton studied architecture with Samuel Sloan, who was a leading Philadelphia architect and author of books on house designs. He supervised construction of the Sloan-designed Longwood in Natchez, MS (1859–62), until construction was abandoned during the American Civil War (stranding Hutton, a pacifist, in the Deep South). He became Sloan's partner in 1864 and was able to bring numerous commissions to their office due to his Quaker connections. By 1868, he had established his own office.

In November 1901, the American Institute of Architects denounced the design competition for the Pennsylvania State Capitol at Harrisburg and strongly urged its members not to participate. Hutton was one of nine architects who submitted designs (his was not selected), and he was expelled from the AIA in February 1902.[2]

Marriage and children[edit]

On October 10, 1865, Addison married Rebecca Morris, daughter of Philadelphia industrialist Israel Morris. They had one child, a girl named Mary, who was born September 1, 1869; Mary married Jame Garrett Biddle. In 1876, Hutton built a house for his family in Bryn Mawr, PA, near those of several of his clients. It still stands at the southwest corner of Montgomery and Morris Avenues.

Death and afterward[edit]

Addison Hutton died on June 26, 1916, and was buried at Short Creek Meeting House, Jefferson Co., Ohio.[1] His granddaughter has written a biography: Elizabeth Biddle Yarnall, Addison Hutton: Quaker Architect, 1834–1916 (Philadelphia: The Art Alliance Press, 1974).

Architectural Works (Partial Listing)[edit]

Colleges, libraries and cultural institutions[edit]

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 13th & Locust Sts., Philadelphia, PA (1902).

Churches[edit]

Institutional buildings and businesses[edit]

Philadelphia Savings Fund Society, 700 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA (1869), addition to right (1888). Mirror-image facade addition beyond flag (1897–98) by Frank Furness.

Residences[edit]

"Glenloch" (William E. Lockwood mansion), Frazer, PA (1865–68). Perched on a hill above the intersection of Routes 30 and 202, Glenloch was once an estate of 684 acres (277 ha).
  • 1862 Henry G. Morris "cottage", Newport, RI
  • 1865-68 "Glenloch" (later called "Lock Aerie"), residence of William E. Lockwood, Lancaster Pike, Frazer, PA[22]
  • 1866-1867 Barclay House, West Chester, Pennsylvania
  • 1869 “The Chestnuts”, residence of David Scull, 5820 City Ave., Overbrook, PA (now home of the Sisters of the Visitation)[23]
  • 1869 “Elm Villa”, residence of D. T. Gage, Maple St., Merchantville, NJ[24]
  • 1870 “Pembrook Farm”, residence of Charles H. Wheeler, 310 Fishers Rd, Bryn Mawr, PA
  • 1870 “St. Michel”, residence of Francis A. Drexel, Knights Rd., Torresdale, PA[25]
  • 1870 "The Four Sisters” Residences: 101, 121, 205 & 221 W. Virginia Ave., West Chester, PA
  • 1870 "Braewold", Bedford, New York, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as part of The Woodpile historic district in 1992.[26]
  • 1872 "Cedarcroft", residence of Robert Emmett Monaghan, 413 W. Miner St., West Chester, PA[27]
  • 1874 Harry Packer Mansion, Jim Thorpe (Mauch Chunk), PA (now a bed & breakfast)
  • 1875 “Midhope”, residence of Prof. James C. Booth, Booth Lane, Haverford Station, PA[28]
  • 1876 Addison Hutton residence, 804 W Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA
  • 1877 “Sylvula", residence of Stephen O. Fuguet, 931 Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA (renamed "Beechwood" by 1908, now part of The Shipley School)[29]
  • 1877-1878 Charles Thomas House, West Whiteland Township, Pennsylvania[30]
  • 1880 Residence, 3400 Powelton Ave., Philadelphia, PA
  • 1880s “Penn Grove”, residence of N. Parker Shortridge, Lancaster Ave. & Wynnewood Rd., Wynnewood, PA[31]
  • 1880-81 Residence of J. W. Townsend, 825 Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA[32]
  • 1881 "Waverly Heights", residence of Samuel Rea, 1400 Waverly Rd., Gladwyne, PA (now Wavery Heights Retirement Community)[33]
  • 1881 “Greenway”, residence of George Lovell, 235 Pennswood Rd., Bryn Mawr, PA[34]
  • 1882 “Egerton House”, residence of Mrs. Edward Scull, 5760 City Ave., Overbrook, PA (now residence of the Archbishop of Philadelphia)[35]
  • 1882 James Spear Residence, 244-46 S. 21st St., Philadelphia, PA
  • 1884 “Holmhurst”, residence of Charles Hartshorne, Hazelhurst Ave., Merion, PA[36]
  • 1884 216 N 34th Street, Philadelphia. Home of George Fletcher. Current home of Theta Chi Fraternity at Drexel University
  • 1885 "Ballytore", residence of Isaac H. Clothier, 630 Clothier Rd., Wynnewood, PA (now St. Sahag-St. Mesrob Armenian Church)[37][38]
  • 1885 “Torworth”, residence of J. C. Strawbridge, School House Ln., Germantown, Philadelphia, PA (demolished)[39]
  • c.1885-89 "Roslyn Heights", residence of Stevenson Crothers, Papermill Rd., Erdenheim, PA[40]
  • 1887 Residence of E. P. Fox, 730 Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA
  • 1890 “Dundale”, residence of Theodore Morris, Spring Mill Rd., Villanova, PA (now Picotte Hall, Villanova University)[41][42]
  • 1890 “Hillhurst”, residence of John Biddle, 216 S. Orange St., Media, PA
  • 1908 Alterations to 44 S Wyoming Ave., Lower Merion Twp., PA

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b rootsweb.com
  2. ^ New York Times, "Art Notes", Feb. 10, 1902
  3. ^ Ridgway Library at Library Postcards
  4. ^ Peitzman, Steven J.; A New and Untried Course: Woman's Medical College and Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1850-1998; (2000) Rutgers University Press: Piscataway, NJ.
  5. ^ Linderman Library at Lehigh University
  6. ^ a b Johnstown Flood Museum
  7. ^ Opera House at Mauch Chunk Historical Society
  8. ^ HSP
  9. ^ Germantown Friends at Historic American Buildings Survey
  10. ^ Arch Street Methodist
  11. ^ Doylestown Presbyterian at Michener Museum
  12. ^ Redeemer Rectory at Lower Merion Historical Society
  13. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes Sally McMurry (July 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: St. Mark's Episcopal Church" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  14. ^ Connecticut State Hospital
  15. ^ a b c County Courthouses of Pennsylvania, By Oliver P. Williams, 2001
  16. ^ PSFS at Historic American Buildings Survey
  17. ^ Lenape Building at Michener Museum
  18. ^ Intelligencer Building at Michener Museum
  19. ^ Bucks County Prison at Michener Museum
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Company at Bryn Mawr College
  21. ^ Hutton's design for PA State Capitol
  22. ^ Glenloch at Historic American Buildings Survey
  23. ^ The Chestnuts at Bryn Mawr College
  24. ^ Elm Villa at Bryn Mawr College
  25. ^ St. Michel at Bryn Mawr College
  26. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  27. ^ Cedarcroft
  28. ^ Midhope at Bryn Mawr College
  29. ^ Sylvula (Beechwood) at Bryn Mawr College
  30. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). ARCH: Pennsylvania's Historic Architecture & Archaeology. Retrieved 2012-11-02.  Note: This includes Martha Wolf (December 1981). "Pennsylvania Historic Resource Survey Form: Charles Thomas House" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-05. 
  31. ^ Penn Grove at Bryn Mawr College
  32. ^ Townsend House at Bryn Mawr College
  33. ^ Waverly Heights
  34. ^ Greenway at Lower Merion Historical Society
  35. ^ Egerton House at Bryn Mawr College
  36. ^ Holmhurst at Bryn Mawr College
  37. ^ Ballytore at Lower Merion Historical Society
  38. ^ St. Sahag & St. Mesrob
  39. ^ Torworth at Bryn Mawr College
  40. ^ Roslyn Heights at Bryn Mawr College
  41. ^ Dundale at Historic American Buildings Survey
  42. ^ Dundale history at Villanova University

External links[edit]