Address of the 221

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The Address of the 221 was an address to king Charles X of France by the chambre des députés at the opening of the French parliament on 18 March 1830. It expressed the defiance of the chambre's liberal majority of 221 deputies to the ministry headed by Jules, prince de Polignac, and helped lead to the July Revolution.

Origins - minister Polignac's constitution[edit]

Opening of the parliamentary session of 1830[edit]

The debate on the address[edit]

The address of the 221[edit]




  • Guy Antonetti, Louis-Philippe, Paris, Librairie Arthème Fayard, 2002 – ISBN 2-213-59222-5