Adel al-Jubeir

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Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir
عادل بن أحمد الجبير
Adel Al jubeer (crop).jpg
Saudi Arabia Ambassador to United States
Monarch Abdullah
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 February 2007
Preceded by Turki bin Faisal Al Saud
Personal details
Born (1962-02-01) February 1, 1962 (age 52)
Al Majma'ah, Saudi Arabia
Alma mater University of North Texas,
Georgetown University
Religion Qutbism

Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir (Arabic: عادل بن أحمد الجبير‎; born 1 February 1962) is the Saudi Arabian Ambassador to the United States, and a former foreign policy advisor to King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia. He is a well-known representative of the Saudi kingdom in the West, particularly the United States. Al-Jubeir presented his credentials to President George W. Bush on 27 February 2007 in the White House.[1]

Early life[edit]

Al-Jubeir was born in Al Majma'ah (Riyadh Province), Saudi Arabia, and attended schools in the Kingdom, Germany, Yemen, Lebanon and the U.S. He obtained a B.A. summa cum laude in political science and economics from the University of North Texas in 1982, and an M.A. in international relations from Georgetown University in 1984.[2] In 2006, he received an Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters from the University of North Texas.

Political career[edit]

In 1987, Al-Jubeir was appointed into the Saudi Diplomatic Service and posted to the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, DC, where he served as Special Assistant to then Ambassador Prince Bandar bin Sultan. It was in 1991 during the first Gulf War when Al-Jubeir first appeared to the world as a spokesman for the Saudi government. In 1990-91, he was part of the Saudi team that established the Joint Information Bureau at Dhahran, a city in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province, during Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm. He was a member of the GCC delegation to the Madrid Peace Conference in October 1991, and a member of the Saudi delegation to the Multilateral Arms Control Talks in Washington, DC in 1992. In December 1992, he was dispatched with the Saudi Armed Forces to Somalia as part of Operation Restore Hope.[3]

Al-Jubeir has been a member of the Saudi Arabian delegation to the United Nations General Assembly, and was a visiting diplomatic fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, 1994-95. During his tenure at the Saudi Embassy, Al-Jubeir developed strong ties on Capitol Hill, in the Administration, the media and with major think tanks in Washington. In 2000, Al-Jubeir became Director of the Saudi Information and Congressional Affairs Office at the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, DC. In late 2000, he was named Foreign Affairs Advisor in the Crown Prince’s Court. In August 2005, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz appointed Al-Jubeir to the position of Advisor at the Royal Court.

Following the September 11 attacks, Al-Jubeir returned to the United States to address the many questions and criticisms that faced the Kingdom at that time. Al-Jubeir became the face of Saudi Arabia through hundreds of television appearances as well as other media interviews and visited more than 25 cities around the country where he gave talks to World Affairs Councils, universities, civic organizations, business institutions and other interested groups about current events and the state of Saudi/U.S. relations.

Diplomatic career[edit]

On 21 December 2006, Saudi Arabia informed the United States Department of State of its intention to appoint Al-Jubeir as the new ambassador to Washington. Ambassador Al-Jubeir replaced Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, who served as ambassador for 15 months.[4] Al-Jubeir was appointed by royal decree as Saudi Ambassador to the United States of America with the rank of Minister on 29 January 2007.[5]

As ambassador, Al-Jubeir has focused on strengthening the bilateral relationship by building ties across government departments in both countries. Another key area of focus has been the welfare of Saudi citizens living in the United States. Other issues of focus include counter-terrorism, regional peace and security, bilateral trade, cultural exchange and interfaith dialogue. Prior to becoming ambassador, he was instrumental in establishing and maintaining the U.S.-Saudi Strategic Dialogue, which was initiated by King Abdullah and President Bush as a means to institutionalize relations between the two nations and deepen coordination on strategic, political and economic issues.[6]

Ambassador Al-Jubeir travels frequently to the Kingdom for consultations with the King and other senior Saudi officials. He is regularly seen with King Abdullah in meetings with world leaders and has accompanied King Abdullah on many state visits including Oman, China,[7] India,[8] Pakistan,[9] Malaysia[10] in 2006, Germany,[11] Italy,[12] Turkey,[13] and Egypt[14] in 2007, G20 London Summit and Doha Arab Summit in 2009 and G20 Toronto Summit in 2010.

Ambassador Al-Jubeir was part of King Abdullah’s delegation on his visit to the Vatican in November 2007, where King Abduallah met with Pope Benedict XVI, the first meeting between a Saudi monarch and a Pope.[15] In July 2008, King Abdullah convened an interfaith conference in Madrid, Spain, bringing together major figures from Islam, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism and Confucianism to reinforce the common values shared by their respective faiths.[16]

In November 2007, Al-Jubeir joined Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal for the meeting of the Arab League Foreign Ministers in Cairo in preparation for the Annapolis Peace Conference. He was also a member of the Saudi delegation to the Annapolis Peace Conference in November 2007.

During Ambassador Al-Jubeir’s tenure, Saudi Arabia and the U.S. have signed a series of bilateral agreements in key areas including civil nuclear cooperation,[17] enhanced security arrangements, reciprocal visa policies, health and medical services,[18] science and technology cooperation,[19] among others. The two countries have established two Joint Task Forces— one to combat terrorists, another to combat terror financing. Experts from both governments work side-by-side, sharing real-time information about terror networks. In addition, the two countries have extensive cooperation between their two militaries.

In October 2010, Saudi intelligence provided key information to American officials that foiled an attempted terrorist plot involving parcel bombs heading to the United States that originated in Yemen.[20] The bombs were found and defused before reaching their intended targets. According to news reports, a double-agent in Yemen was the source of the tip-off.[21]

Al-Jubeir has enhanced the embassy’s focus on its ties with the United States Congress through extensive meetings and briefings with members of Congress and staff as well as facilitating visits to the Kingdom. In the spring of 2007, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi visited the Kingdom with a Congressional delegation, the first visit by a sitting Speaker of the House. The Embassy also facilitates ongoing congressional staff visits to Saudi Arabia.

In addition, the tempo of visits by senior U.S. officials have increased substantially during his tenure as ambassador, including two visits by President Bush, multiple visits by Vice President Dick Cheney and visits by President Obama in 2009 and 2014. Other visits have included National Security Advisors James L. Jones and Thomas Donilon; Secretaries of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and John Kerry; Secretaries of Treasury Henry Paulson and Timothy Geithner; Secretary of Energy Steven Chu; Secretaries of Defense Robert Gates, Leon Panetta and Chuck Hagel; CENTCOM Commanders Generals David Petraeus, James Mattis and Lloyd J. Austin III; FBI Director Robert Mueller; Homeland Security Advisor John O. Brennan and Special Envoys George J. Mitchell, Dennis Ross, Richard Holbrooke and a large number of sub cabinet officials.

Visits to the United States by senior Saudi officials since 2007 have included two Heads of State visits by King Abdullah in November 2008 and July 2010. In addition, there were a number of visits by Foreign Minister Prince Saud Al-Faisal, then Minister of Defense now Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz, Minister of Inerior Prince Mohammad bin Naif, then Director of Intelligence now Second Deputy Prime Minister Prince Muqrin bin Abdul Aziz, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Al-Naimi, Finance Minister Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Assaf, then Governor of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency Mohammed al-Jasser, then Minister of Commerce Abdullah Alireza, President of the Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities Prince Sultan bin Salman and Minister of Higher Education Dr. Khalid Al-Angary.

In addition to visits by government officials, there have been numerous trade delegations to and from both countries as well as academic exchanges, including visits by the head of the Human Rights Committee and members of the Majlis Al-Shura (Consultative Council).

These visits reflect the breadth and depth of the relationship between the United States and Saudi Arabia.

Ambassador al-Jubeir served as the Escorting Minister for Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama on their respective visits to the Kingdom.

On 3 June 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama traveled to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on a two-day official visit to Saudi Arabia. President Obama was received by King Abdullah, Second Deputy Prime Minister Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz and Ambassador Al-Jubeir at King Khalid International Airport.

During his visit to Saudi Arabia, President Obama stated that he chose Saudi Arabia as the first stop on his Middle East tour because the Kingdom is a key ally and the cradle of Islam. The President and King Abdullah met and held extensive bilateral talks at the King’s ranch in al-Janadriyah on the outskirts of Riyadh. During their discussions, the two leaders focused on regional and international developments and Saudi-U.S. bilateral relations. King Abdullah presented President Obama with the King Abdulaziz Medal, the Kingdom’s highest award bestowed upon Heads of State.[22]

On 29 June 2010, Ambassador Al-Jubeir attended a meeting between King Abdullah and U.S. President Barack Obama in Washington, D.C. The two held on talks on a wide range of issues of mutual interest and common concern.[23]

On 8 January 2011, Ambassador Al-Jubeir attended a meeting in New York between King Abdullah and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and former U.S. President Bill Clinton as well as meetings between the King and French President Nicolas Sarkozy and United Nations General Secretary Ban Ki-moon.[24]

In 2007, he headed the Kingdom’s delegation to the Law of the Seas Conference at the United Nations. In 2009, he met with UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon to discuss the ongoing situation in Darfur and in July 2011, he led the Saudi delegation to the U.N. High Level Meeting on Youth.

Developments during tenure as ambassador[edit]

Over the past seven years, the Saudi-U.S. relationship has grown substantially in the fields of security, economic relations and cultural exchange. Saudi students enrolled at colleges and universities are at an all-time high, reaching more than 82,500 students as of June 2014,[25] up from about 8,000 in December 2006.[26] Improved visa policies by both countries have also led to record numbers of visitors. In 2012, the U.S. Embassy and Consulates in the Kingdom issued more than 90,000 visas to Saudis. The Saudi Embassy in Washington and Consulates in the U.S. issued more than 70,000 visas. These are historically high numbers. As a result of an agreement reached in May 2008, the two countries agreed to issue five-year multiple-entry visas to citizens of both countries. In May 2013, Saudi Arabia and the United States signed a bilateral agreement for air services aimed at implementing an open skies policy between the two countries.[27] As a consequence, American carriers can expand services into Saudi Arabia and Saudi Arabian Airlines can increase the frequency of its flights to the U.S.

Former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, James B. Smith stated, “Offering new types of visas to foreign scientists and experts, as well as for student exchanges in scientific fields, opens doors for the people of Saudi Arabia to learn from other countries and for the world to learn from and about Saudi Arabia.”[28]

Saudi Arabia is the 10th largest trading partner of the United States.[29] Investments between the two countries are also at record numbers. The United States is the number one source[30] of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Saudi Arabia. Strategic partnerships between Saudi Arabia and the U.S. continue to flourish. In 2010, Alcoa and Saudi Ma’aden signed a contract worth approximately $15 billion to build the world’s largest aluminum refinery and smelter complex in the Kingdom.[31] In 2011, Saudi Aramco and Dow Chemical Company approved the formation of a joint venture to build and operate a world-scale, fully integrated chemical complex in Jubail Industrial City, valued at $20 billion.[32] In 2013, the Saudi government Public Investment fund signed a management contract with Fluor for the $7 billion Riyadh-Jeddah railway project.[33] Also in 2013, a Bechtel led consortium was selected for a multi-billion dollar rail project of the Riyadh Metro network.[34] Saudi Arabia is also a large investor in the U.S. economy.

Additional Saudi Consulate Generals located in the U.S. are in New York, Los Angeles and Houston.[35]

Arms transfers[edit]

Ongoing arms sales between the countries are a testament to the longstanding Saudi military partnership with the United States. In 2008, the Kingdom secured sophisticated weapon systems, which include the Joint Direct Attack Munitions.

In December 2011, the U.S. and Saudi Arabia finalized a defense packages that included F-15 fighter aircraft and upgrades for 70 existing aircraft, as well as munitions, spare parts, training, maintenance and logistics to Saudi Arabia. The sale was worth $29.4 billion.[36]

2011 assassination plot[edit]

On 11 October 2011, U.S. authorities accused elements within the Iranian government of attempting to assassinate Ambassador Al-Jubeir.[37] President Obama called Al-Jubeir that same day to express the solidarity of the U.S. and Saudi Arabia, refeering to the foiled assassination plot as a "flagrant violation of U.S. and international law."[38] The accused, Mansour Arbabsiar, confessed and was sentenced on 30 May 2013 in New York federal court to 25 years in prison.

Honors[edit]

In December 2002, al-Jubeir was chosen as Person of the Week by Time. He has lectured at universities and academic institutions in the U.S. and appears frequently in the media.

In 2007, he received the "Commendatore a Sua Eccellenza" from the Italian president.

In 2009, he received the Ambassador of the Year award from the National U.S.-Arab Chamber of Commerce for his contributions to Saudi-U.S. relations. In 2011, he was presented with the Diplomatic Achievement Award from the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations.

Personal life[edit]

Adel Al-Jubeir is married with four children.[39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ambassador Al-Jubeir presents his credentials to President Bush". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-02-27. 
  2. ^ "Biography of Ambassador Al-Jubeir". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 
  3. ^ "Biography of Ambassador Al-Jubeir". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 
  4. ^ Wright, Robin (2006-12-21). "Saudi Arabia Set to Name Jubeir as Ambassador". Washington Post. 
  5. ^ "Wire report". Saudi Press Agency. 2007-01-27. 
  6. ^ Wright, Robin (2005-11-13). "U.S., Saudi Arabia Inagurate [sic] New 'Strategic Dialogue'". Washington Post. 
  7. ^ "King Abdullah begins Asian tour with visit to China". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2006-01-24. 
  8. ^ "King Abdullah concludes India visit by signing the Delhi Declaration". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2006-01-27. 
  9. ^ "King Abdullah to visit China, India, Malaysia, and Pakistan". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2006-01-17. 
  10. ^ "King Abdullah on state visit to Malaysia". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2006-01-31. 
  11. ^ "King Abdullah begins state visit to Germany". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-11-07. 
  12. ^ "King Abdullah begins state visit to Italy". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-11-05. 
  13. ^ "King Abdullah pays state visit to Turkey". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-11-09. 
  14. ^ "Cabinet praises King Abdullah’s visits to Europe, Egypt and Turkey". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-11-12. 
  15. ^ "King Abdullah holds historic meeting with Pope Benedict XVI". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-11-06. 
  16. ^ "Saudi Ambassador highlights the upcoming World Conference on Dialogue". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2008-07-10. 
  17. ^ "U.S. - Saudi Arabia Memorandum of Understanding on Nuclear Energy Cooperation". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 2008-05-16. 
  18. ^ "Memorandum of understanding for cooperation between the ministry of health in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Department of Health and Human Services in the United States in the field of public health and medical sciences". Global Health. 2010-06-10. 
  19. ^ "U.S. and Saudi Arabia sign science and technology MOU". U.S. –Saudi Arabian Business Council. 2008-12-02. 
  20. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/31/world/middleeast/31saudi.html
  21. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/nov/01/cargo-plane-plot-saudi-agent-gave-alert
  22. ^ "King Abdullah, President Obama hold talks". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2009-06-03. 
  23. ^ "White House issues statement on King Abdullah, President Obama’s talks". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2010-06-30. 
  24. ^ "King Abdullah, Clinton meet in New York". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2011-01-08. 
  25. ^ http://saudiembassy.net/latest_news/news05261406.aspx
  26. ^ "Minister of Higher Education attends graduation of 3,000 students in U.S.". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2011-06-20. 
  27. ^ http://www.saudiembassy.net/latest_news/news05281301.aspx
  28. ^ Smith, James (2011-07-14). "Science diplomacy: Finding paths to Saudi-US cooperation". Arab News. 
  29. ^ http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/article/2014/03/20140311296165.html#axzz2vmckEDOm
  30. ^ "Saudi Arabia in brief". U.S.-Saudi Arabian Business Council. May 2011. 
  31. ^ "Alcoa in Saudi Arabia". Aloca. 
  32. ^ "Dow and Saudi Aramco announce joint venture to drive downstream growth through world-scale chemicals project". Business Wire. 2011-07-25. 
  33. ^ http://www.saudiembassy.net/latest_news/news01021302.aspx
  34. ^ http://bechtel.com/Riyadh-Metro
  35. ^ http://saudiembassy.net/latest_news/news06261301.aspx
  36. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/12/29/statement-principal-deputy-press-secretary-joshua-earnest-us-sale-defens
  37. ^ MacAskill, Ewen (2011-10-11). "Iranians charged in US over plot to assassinate Saudi ambassador". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  38. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/10/11/readout-president-obamas-call-ambassador-adel-al-jubeir-saudi-arabia
  39. ^ Copper, Helene (October 14, 2011). "Wild Days Behind Him, Envoy Keeps Low Profile". The NYork Times. Retrieved May 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]