Adelaide, Eastern Cape

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Adelaide
Dutch Reformed Church in Adelaide
Dutch Reformed Church in Adelaide
Adelaide is located in South Africa
Adelaide
Adelaide
 Adelaide shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 32°42′S 26°18′E / 32.700°S 26.300°E / -32.700; 26.300Coordinates: 32°42′S 26°18′E / 32.700°S 26.300°E / -32.700; 26.300
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Amathole
Municipality Nxuba
Established 1834
Area[1]
 • Total 40.0 km2 (15.4 sq mi)
Elevation 600 m (2,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 12,191
 • Density 300/km2 (790/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 76.5%
 • Coloured 18.8%
 • Indian/Asian 0.5%
 • White 3.5%
 • Other 0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 72.3%
 • Afrikaans 22.6%
 • English 3.0%
 • Other 2.1%
Postal code (street) 5760
PO box 5760
Area code 046

Adelaide is a town and area in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Adelaide is situated near the Great Winterberg Mountain range. Adelaide is an important center of wool sheep farming. Beef, mutton, venison and citrus fruit are also important products.

History[edit]

Before European arrival[edit]

The modern day area of Adelaide was first inhabited by Bushmen, later on with the arrival of the Xhosa and the settlers, the Bushmen were displaced and are no longer found in the area.

Colonial Adelaide[edit]

Adelaide's origins date back to 1835 when a British officer named Captain Alexander Boswell Armstrong (1787–1862) established a military encampment which he named Fort Adelaide after the wife of King William IV. Despite the earlier English settlers, who were part of the 1820 Settlers, later on a large number of both Scottish and Afrikaans people soon immigrated here too. The Scottish were also the first to erect a church in the local area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Adelaide and Lingelethu from Census 2011.