Adelaide Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Adelaide Airport
Adelaide Airport logo.svg
Airport type Public
Operator Adelaide Airport Limited
Serves Adelaide
Location West Beach, South Australia
Hub for Alliance Airlines
Regional Express Airlines
Sharp Airlines
Focus city for Virgin Australia
Jetstar Airways
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 34°56′42″S 138°31′50″E / 34.94500°S 138.53056°E / -34.94500; 138.53056Coordinates: 34°56′42″S 138°31′50″E / 34.94500°S 138.53056°E / -34.94500; 138.53056
ADL is located in Greater Adelaide
Location in Adelaide
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,100 10,171 Asphalt
12/30 1,652 5,420 Asphalt
Statistics (2013/14)
Passengers 7,727,042
Movements 98,953
Sources: Adelaide Airport Ltd[1]

Adelaide Airport (IATA: ADLICAO: YPAD) is the principal airport of Adelaide, South Australia and the fifth busiest airport in Australia, servicing 7,696,000 passengers in the financial year ending 30 June 2014.[1] Located adjacent to West Beach, it is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the city-centre. It has been operated privately by Adelaide Airport Limited under a long-term lease from the Commonwealth Government since 29 May 1998.[2]:p 25

First established in 1955, a new dual international/domestic terminal was opened in 2005 which has received numerous awards, including being named the world's second-best international airport (5–15 million passengers) in 2006.[3] Also, it has been named Australia's best capital city airport in 2006, 2009 and 2011.[4]

In the financial year ended June 2014, Adelaide Airport experienced passenger growth of 25.5% internationally, growth of 3.5% domestically and a decrease of 4.7% regionally, resulting in an overall increase of 5% from the previous year.[1]


The first Adelaide airport was an aerodrome constructed in 1921 on 24 ha (59 acres) of land in Hendon. The small facility allowed for a mail service between Adelaide and Sydney. To meet the substantial growth in aviation, Parafield Airport was developed in 1927. By 1947, the demand on aviation had outgrown Parafield and the current site of Adelaide Airport was selected at West Torrens (now West Beach). Construction began and flights commenced in 1954. Parafield Airport was turned into a private and military aviation facility.

Passengers boarding from the tarmac in December 1967; this continued for domestic passengers until 2006.

An annexe to one of the large hangars at the airport served as a passenger terminal until the Commonwealth Government provided funds for the construction of a temporary building.[5] International services became regular from 1982 upon the construction of an international terminal. A new dual-use $260 million facility replaced both the original 'temporary' domestic and international terminals in 2005.

In October 2006, the new terminal was named the Capital City Airport of the Year at the Australian Aviation Industry Awards in Cairns.[6] In March 2007, Adelaide Airport was rated the world's second best airport in the 5–15 million passengers category at the Airports Council International (ACI) 2006 awards in Dubai.[7]

Plans were announced for an expansion of the terminal in July 2007, including more aerobridges and demolition of the old International Terminal.[8]

On 5 August 2008 Tiger Airways Australia confirmed that Adelaide Airport would become the airline's second hub which would base two of the airline's Airbus A320s by early 2009.[9] On 29 October 2009 Tiger announced it would be housing its third A320 at Adelaide Airport from early 2010.[10] Tiger Airways later shut down its operations from Adelaide only to recommence them in 2013.[11]

The airport encountered major problems during the eruption of Puyehue volcano in Chile, the ash cloud caused flights to be cancelled nationwide, with over 40,000 passengers being left stranded in Adelaide.

Old Terminals[edit]

The old international terminal had only one terminal with limited stores for passengers. Check in desks were much smaller opposed to now and waiting space was also more limited. It has been demolished after the taxis moved to the other end of the new plaza, which will make the area more secure and allowing aircraft to park on the other side of the terminal.

The old domestic terminal was shortly closed after the new terminal was opened to flights and was demolished not long after. The control tower nearby was also demolished and a new one has been built in its place.

Present Terminal building[edit]

A large crowd watches Qantas A380 VH-OQA visit Adelaide, 27 September 2008
Adelaide Airport T1, Qantas Check in Desks
Main concourse terminal one, 2006

The airport was redeveloped in 2005 at a cost of $260 million. The redevelopment was managed by builders Hansen Yuncken. Before the redevelopment, the old airport terminal was criticised for its limited capacity and lack of aerobridges.

Proposals were developed for an attempt for an upgraded terminal of world standard. The final proposal, released in 1997, called for a large, unified terminal in which both domestic and international flights would use the same terminal. A combination of factors, the most notable of which was the collapse of Ansett Australia, then a duopoly domestic carrier with Qantas, and the resultant loss of funds for its share of the construction cost, saw the new terminal plans shelved until an agreement was reached in 2002.

Airport entrance in 2009

The new terminal was opened on 7 October 2005 by the Prime Minister John Howard and South Australian Premier Mike Rann. However, Adelaide Airport Limited announced soon afterward that only international flights would use the new facility immediately due to problems with the fuel pumps and underground pipes. These problems related initially to the anti-rusting agent applied to the insides of the fuel pumps, then to construction debris in the pipes. Although international and regional (from December 2005) aircraft were refuelled via tankers, a lack of space and safety concerns prevented this action for domestic jet aircraft, which instead continued operations at the old terminal. The re-fueling system was cleared of all debris and the new terminal was used for all flights from 17 February 2006.[12]

The new airport terminal is approximately 850 m (2,790 ft) end to end and is capable of handling 27 aircraft, including the Airbus A380, simultaneously and processing 3,000 passengers per hour. It includes high amenity public and airline lounges, 14 glass-sided aerobridges, 42 common user check-in desks and 34 shop fronts. Free wireless Internet is also provided throughout the terminal by Internode Systems, a first for an Australian airport.[13]

The first Qantas A380, VH-OQA "Nancy Bird Walton", made a historic landing at the airport on 27 September 2008, enthralling several thousand spectators who had gathered to catch a glimpse of the giant aircraft. This was a 25-minute pitstop before it flew on to Melbourne. This was one of several visits the airliner made as part of a pilot training and testing program.

In July 2013, Adelaide Airport became the first Australian airport and second airport worldwide to have Google Street View technology, allowing passengers to explore the arrival and departure sections of the airport before travel.[14]

Recent Development[edit]

As of 2011 a series of developments are either underway, approved or proposed for Adelaide Airport. In February 2011 a A$100 million building program was launched as part of a five year master plan. The developments which have been made public (whether part of the building plan or not) are listed below:

  • New airport road network to improve traffic flow (completed)
  • New multi-storey car park – increasing parking spaces from 800 to 1,650 (completed)
  • New passenger terminal plaza frontage (in progress)
  • Walkway bridge connecting new car park and existing terminal building (completed)
  • Terminal concourse extension
  • Three new aerobridges
  • Terminal commercial projects and passenger facilities
  • Relocation of regional carrier Rex
  • Relocation of old transportable charter aircraft operators' terminal
  • New control tower (twice the height of current tower, will cost A$16.9 million)
  • Addition of Emirates airlines to the list of airlines serving the airport. There are plans to increase the number of international airlines ( they are looking at China Southern Airlines, Thai Airways International, Philippine Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Vietnam Airlines, Scoot, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways as well as some United States operators)[citation needed]
  • Adelaide Airport Hotel (37 m (121 ft) tall, nine levels)

The new control tower opened in early 2012. The multi-storey car park was completed on 6 August 2012 with spaces for 1650 cars.[15] The plaza frontage and walkway bridge were completed in March 2013.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air New Zealand Auckland 1
Alliance Airlines Coober Pedy, Olympic Dam, Port Augusta, Prominent Hill Mine 1
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 1
Cobham Ballera, Moomba 1
Corporate Aircraft Charter Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln[citation needed] General Aviation Terminal
Dick Lang's Desert-Air Charter: Lake Eyre General Aviation Terminal
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Jetstar Airways Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Denpasar-Bali, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney 1
KJM Air Operations Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln General Aviation Terminal
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 1
Pel-Air Jacinth-Ambrosia Mine 1
Qantas Alice Springs, Brisbane, Canberra, Darwin, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney 1
operated by Alliance Airlines
Olympic Dam 1
operated by Cobham Aviation Services Australia
Sydney 1
operated by Eastern Australia Airlines
Canberra (ends 28 March 2015),[16] Port Lincoln, Whyalla (begins 13 April 2015)[17] 1
Regional Express Airlines Broken Hill, Ceduna, Coober Pedy, Kingscote, Mildura, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln, Whyalla 1
Rossair Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln[citation needed] General Aviation Terminal
Sharp Airlines Port Augusta
Mining Charter: Beverley Uranium Mine, Honeymoon Uranium Mine, Leigh Creek, Moomba, Prominent Hill Mine
Singapore Airlines Singapore 1
Tigerair Australia Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney 1
Virgin Australia Alice Springs, [18] Brisbane, Canberra, Denpasar-Bali, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney 1


The tarmac of the current terminal
Airlines Destinations
Air New Zealand Cargo Auckland
Australian air Express operated by Cobham Melbourne, Sydney
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Qantas Freight Sydney, Singapore
Toll Priority operated by Pel-Air and Toll Aviation Melbourne, Perth, Sydney, Canberra
Toll Priority Melbourne, Sydney

Traffic and statistics[edit]


Busiest domestic routes out of Adelaide Airport (YE June 2013)[19]
Rank Airport Passengers  % Change Carriers
1 Victoria, Melbourne 2,114,800 Increase2.1 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, QantasLink, Tiger Airways Australia, Virgin Australia
2 New South Wales, Sydney 1,753,600 Increase2.6 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia
3 Queensland, Brisbane 743,800 Increase7.2 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia
4 Western Australia, Perth 624,000 Increase3.8 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia
5 South Australia, Port Lincoln 195,900 Increase1.2 QantasLink, Regional Express Airlines
6 Queensland, Gold Coast 189,900 Increase2.9 Jetstar Airways, Virgin Australia
7 Australian Capital Territory, Canberra 178,200 Decrease2.3 Qantas, QantasLink, Virgin Australia


Busiest international routes out of Adelaide Airport (YE 2014)[20]
Rank Airport Passengers  % Change Carriers
1 Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 244,950 Increase39.4 AirAsia X, Malaysia Airlines
2 Singapore, Singapore 234,180 Decrease5.8 Singapore Airlines
3 United Arab Emirates, Dubai 195,980 Increase12 Emirates
4 Indonesia, Denpasar 145,220 Increase117 Jetstar, Virgin Australia
5 New Zealand, Auckland 68,520 Decrease9.6 Air New Zealand, Jetstar
6 Hong Kong, Hong Kong 67,250 Increase13.8 Cathay Pacific
Annual passenger statistics
Year Passenger movements
2001–02 4,180,000
2002–03 4,358,000
2003–04 4,897,000
2004–05 5,371,000
2005–06 5,776,000
2006–07 6,192,000
2007–08 6,635,000
2008–09 6,799,000
2009–10 7,030,000
2010–11 7,297,000
2011-12 6,968,000
2012-13 7,300,000
2013-14 7,696,000
2020-21 9,856,000
2025-26 11,552,000
2030–31 13,537,000


Busiest international freight routes into and out of Adelaide Airport
(YE June 2011)[21]
Rank Airport Tonnes  % Change
1 Singapore, Singapore 10,995.7 Decrease10.8
2 Hong Kong, Hong Kong 3,413.2 Decrease8.8
3 Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 2,984.4 Increase1.9
4 New Zealand, Auckland 449.4 Decrease11.8

Ground transport[edit]

Adelaide Metro operates frequent JetBus buses connecting the airport to the Central Business District and Glenelg. There are also services to West Lakes and Marion.[22] The AAL's latest airport master plan proposes a light rail service. Historically airlines provided connecting buses to the Central Business District, after which a private bus service provided a service until 2013.

Incidents and Accidents[edit]

The present airport so far has had an excellent safety record. There are reports of only one near miss, which occurred on the 31st of July 2014, when a departing Malaysia Airlines jet nearly collided with an airborne Tiger Airways aircraft.[23]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Adelaide Airport records double digit international growth for the third consecutive year" (pdf). Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Air passengermovements through capital city airports to 2025–26" (PDF). Working Paper 72. Canberra: Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics. 2008. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Adelaide Airport: T1". Adelaide Airport Limited. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  4. ^ "Adelaide names Australia's best airport again". 
  5. ^ "History: 1927–2005". Adelaide Airport Limited. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  6. ^ "China Aviation News:Adelaide Airport Rated No. 1 in Australia". 18 October 2006. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Adelaide Airport Wins International Praise". 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  8. ^ Innes, Stuart (12 July 2007). "Adelaide Airport boost". The Advertiser. Retrieved 13 July 2007. 
  9. ^ "Tiger sets up second home in Adelaide". Fairfax Digital (Melbourne: The Age). 5 August 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  10. ^ Innes, Stuart (29 October 2009). "Tiger Airways base in Adelaide to grow by 50 per cent". The Advertiser (News Limited). 
  11. ^ "Tiger Airways future Aust look under wraps". The Sydney Morning Herald. 22 August 2011. 
  12. ^ "Passengers urged to be patient as new SA terminal opens". Australia: ABC News. 17 February 2006. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  13. ^ Denise Murray (31 October 2005). "Weaving wireless magic". CRN. Archived from the original on 10 October 2006. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ "QantasLink to reduce fleet in cost-cutting move". Australian Aviation. 
  17. ^ "QantasLink on it's way to Whyalla". Whyalla News. 
  18. ^ "Virgin to fly Adelaide-Alice Springs from March 2015". Australian Aviation. 
  19. ^ "Domestic aviation activity June 2013". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  20. ^ "International Airline Activity—Time Series". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Australian International Airline Activity 2011". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). June 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  22. ^ "Adelaide Metro - Stop 17327". Adelaide Metro. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  23. ^

External links[edit]