|Location||North Adelaide, South Australia|
|Owner||South Australian Government|
|Operator||Office of Recreation & Sport|
|Capacity||35,000 (expanding to 53,500)|
|Field dimensions||167 x 124 metres|
|South Australian Cricket Association (1871–present)
South Australia cricket team (1877 – present)
South Adelaide Football Club (SANFL) (1882–1903, 1905–94)
Australian cricket team (1884 – present)
West Adelaide Football Club (SANFL) (1940–57)
Sturt Football Club (SANFL) (1987–97)
Adelaide Rams (SL/NRL) (1997-98)
Adelaide Strikers (BBL) (2011–present)
Port Adelaide Football Club (AFL) (2011, 2014) (SANFL) (1975,1976)
Adelaide Football Club (AFL) (2014)
Adelaide Oval is a sports ground in Adelaide, South Australia, located in the parklands between the city centre and North Adelaide. In the 21st century it has been home to two cricket teams, the South Australian Redbacks and the Adelaide Strikers. It has been home to the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA) since 1871.
The oval has a rich history which dates back to 1871, shortly after the formation of the SACA, and before its redevelopment in 2012 it was considered to be "one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world." Among those responsible for its formation were John Pickering and Henry Yorke Sparks.
The ground is mostly used for cricket and football, but plays host to other sports such as Rugby League and Soccer, and is also used as an entertainment venue for performances expecting large attendance.
The oval is managed by the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA). In 2006, it had a seating capacity of 36,000. The maximum crowd at a cricket game was 50,962 during the Bodyline test in 1932, and the maximum crowd was 62,543, set at the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between the Port Adelaide and Sturt Football Clubs.
A $575 million redevelopment will return Australian Rules Football to the city, increase the stadium's capacity to 54,500 and result in the Oval becoming the home venue for both the Adelaide and Port Adelaide Football Clubs from 2014.
- The ground was established in 1871 after the formation of SACA.
- The first first-class cricket match played at the ground between South Australia and Tasmania on 10 and 12 November 1877. South Australia was victorious, winning by an innings and 13 runs.
- The first century (102 not out for North Adelaide against the Kent Club) was scored by John Hill on 30 January 1878. John was the father of the great Clem Hill.
- The first Test match was played at the Oval from 12–16 December 1884. England beat Australia by eight wickets. (Scorecard)
- The first football game lit by electric light was conducted on the evening of 1 July 1885.
- In 1894–95 Albert Trott collected 8/43 on debut against England, the best ever single-innings Test match figures at the ground.
- The picket fence was put up surrounding the Oval (then with a cycling track) in 1900.
- From 5–12 August 1911 the Australian Football Council Carnival was played at the ground, won by South Australia. The competing sides were SA, VFL, VFA, Western Australia, Tasmania and New South Wales.
- The Adelaide Oval scoreboard, designed by architect Kenneth Milne, began service on 3 November 1911. The clock was added in 1912 and the windvane in the 1930s.
- In 1931–32 Donald Bradman scored the highest score ever at the ground in Test Cricket, compiling 299* against South Africa. In the same game, Clarrie Grimmett collected fourteen wickets, the most ever taken in a Test match at the ground by a bowler.
- In 1932–33, the Bodyline affair reached its lowest point at the ground when Bill Woodfull and Bert Oldfield were struck, and on the third day mounted police patrolled to keep the 50,962 spectators in order (a record crowd for cricket at the ground). The total attendance for the match was 174,351.
- In 1946–47, Arthur Morris of Australia, and Denis Compton of England both made centuries in both innings of the Test.
- In 1947–48 Australia scored 674 against India, the highest team total at the ground in Test matches.
- Considered by some to be the best Test Match ever competed at the ground, Australia played the West Indies in the fourth test of the Frank Worrell Trophy, 1960–61. The match ended in a draw, with the West Indies unable to take the final wicket of the fourth innings, as the last batsmen Ken Mackay and Lindsay Kline held out for 109 minutes. West Indies bowler Lance Gibbs took the only ever Test cricket hat trick at the ground in Australia's first innings. (Scorecard)
- Ken Barrington's favourite ground was Adelaide Oval, where he scored 104, 52, 52 not out, 63, and 132 not out in 1962–63 and 69, 51, 63, 60 and 102 in 1965–66, a total of 748 runs (93.50).
- A record attendance of 62,543 people was recorded for the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between Port Adelaide and Sturt.
- In 1975–76 the first One-Day International match was played at the ground between Australia and West Indies (40-over match), which Australia won by 5 wickets. (Scorecard)
- In 1978, the ground hosted the first concert by David Bowie in the Southern Hemisphere. It was also the first large scale outdoor concert he had ever played.
- In October 1982, vs Victoria, David Hookes hit a 43-minute, 34 ball century – in some respects the fastest hundred in history. (Statistics)
- In 1989–90 Dean Jones scored twin Test hundreds against Pakistan.
- South Australia compiled the highest fourth innings winning total in Sheffield Shield history, reaching 6/506 (set 506 to win) against Queensland in 1991–92.
- In 1992–93 the West Indies defeated Australia by one run in the fourth test of the Frank Worrell Trophy, when a bouncer by Courtney Walsh brushed Craig McDermott's glove to end a 40-run last-wicket partnership. It was the narrowest victory ever in Test cricket. Curtly Ambrose picked up ten wickets in the game. (Scorecard)
- Lights were constructed at the ground in 1997, allowing sport to be held at night. This was the subject of a lengthy dispute with the Adelaide City Council, due to environmental issues relating to the parklands area. The first towers erected were designed to retract into the ground; however one collapsed and they were replaced with permanent towers. The first cricket match under lights was a One Day International between South Africa and New Zealand on 6 December 1997. (Scorecard)
- In 1999, Sri Lankan spinner Muttiah Muralitharan was called for throwing by umpire Ross Emerson in a One Day International against England. The Sri Lankan team almost abandoned the match, but after instructions from the president of the Sri Lankan cricket board (relayed to captain Arjuna Ranatunga by mobile phone) the game resumed.
- In 2003, two matches of the Rugby World Cup were played at Adelaide Oval, with Australia thrashing Namibia 142–0 and a thriller of an encounter between Ireland and Argentina which Ireland edged by a single point.
- In December 2003 the highest day-score was compiled at Adelaide Oval, by Australia against India, with the home side finishing at 5/400 at stumps.
- In November 2005 Brian Lara broke Allan Border's world record for the most Test runs before eventually being dismissed for 226.
- During the 2006/2007 Ashes series, many temporary stands were erected to cope with the demand for tickets. Stands were put between the Chappell stands and on the top of the hills. Australia beat England by 6 wickets on a remarkable last day. (Scorecard)
- On 2 December 2009, the South Australian government announced it would commit funding to redevelop Adelaide Oval into a multi-purpose sports facility that would bring AFL football into the city.
- In late 2010, the Western Grandstand with a seating capacity of 14,000, was completed.
- In May 2011, following a vote by SACA members in favour of the redevelopment of the oval, the SA government increased its funding commitment to $535 million.
- In June 2011 the Socceroos faced the All Whites in an international Friendly at the Oval, Australia prevailing 3-0.
- In late 2012, the new Southern Stand was completed with a capacity of 19,000 as well as parts of the first floor of the eastern stand.
The oval dimensions are 190m x 125m, which is both unusually long and unusually narrow for an Australian cricket ground, though the dimensions were not unusual for Australian Rules Football. The arrangement is highly favourable for batsmen who play square of the wicket, and heavily penalises bowlers who deliver the ball wide so that the batsman can exploit the short boundaries square of the wicket. Before the far ends in front of and behind the wicket were roped off, making the playing area shorter, it was not uncommon for batsmen to hit an all-run five, while balls hit over the longer fences (usually over 90m) for six were rare.[jargon] For example, West Indian "cricket legend", Garfield Sobers hit a six over the long boundary and the ball landed just in front of the historic scoreboard.
Historically, the Adelaide Oval's integral pitch was generally very good for batting, and offering little assistance to bowlers until the last day of a match. Since the redevelopment in 2013, a drop-in pitch has been used at the venue.
- The playing area is surrounded by a white picket fence and advertising billboards.
- The Hill was created in 1898 with earth from the banks of the River Torrens.
- The scoreboard was first used in 1911 and still shows its original Edwardian architecture.
- There were three western stands from around the start of the 20th century, all of which were demolished in 2009:
- Two grandstands, named the Chappell Stands, after the South Australian cricketing brothers Ian Chappell, Greg Chappell and Trevor Chappell were completed in 2003.
- The Sir Donald Bradman stand was built in 1990 to replace the John Creswell stand and now provides up to date facilities for spectators. This stand was demolished in April 2012.
- The scoreboard is listed on the City of Adelaide Heritage Register, helping to maintain the charm of the ground.
- All stands built at the ground prior to the redevelopment will be demolished to make way for the new stands. The George Giffen Stand has already been demolished and been replaced by the new western grandstands (see below).
- The new western stand – December 2010
During the second Ashes test
During the England vs SA match
Western stand redevelopment
In August 2008 the South Australian Cricket Association announced that it had approved plans to redevelop the ground, involving expanding its capacity to 40,000. Development plans showed a reconfiguration of the playing surface and a remodelled western stand. The redevelopment would make the ground a viable option for hosting Australian Football League games as well as international soccer and rugby. The state and federal Governments each pledged $25m to the project, leaving the SACA to raise at least $45m. The SACA planned for the new stand to be ready in time for the 2010–11 Ashes series.
2010 state election proposals
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In the lead up to the 2010 South Australian state election, the opposition Liberal Party announced that, if elected, it would provide Adelaide with a new stadium with a roof capable of closing. The incumbent Labor party subsequently announced it would fund an upgrade and redevelopment of the whole of Adelaide Oval, rather than just the Western Grand Stand. The redeveloped stadium, (which will not have a closing roof), is intended to seat 50,000 people, with 77% of them under cover. The redevelopment is proposed to be completed some time in 2014 or 2015. In an arrangement negotiated between the incumbent Labor Party and the SACA on 2 December 2009, it was originally planned to cost $450 million. At the announcement, Premier Mike Rann said the SA government would commit the funding package to redevelop Adelaide Oval into a world-class sports facility that would bring AFL football into the city. The AFL, the SANFL and SACA signed an agreement to produce what they said would be an iconic sporting facility in the heart of the city. Premier Rann said the negotiations had been tough but had finally brought the two codes together. The deal ended a 40-year standoff between the state's cricket and football authorities. 
Joint redevelopment by SACA and SANFL
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The Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority (AOSMA), a joint venture of SACA and SANFL, was registered as a company on 23 Dec 2009 following the re-announcement of the plan. The AOSMA has eight directors, four associated with SACA (Ian McLachlan-Chair, John Harnden, Creagh O’Connor & John Bannon) and four with SANFL (Leigh Whicker-CEO, Rod Payze, Philip Gallagher & Jamie Coppins)
However, in early-mid-2010, prior to the election, it became clear that $450m would be inadequate. After the election (on 7 April 2010), SA Premier Mike Rann capped the State Government's commitment, saying: "It's $450 million – and not a penny more", and set a deadline for the parties to agree. In May, Treasurer Kevin Foley announced that "the Government's final offer to the SANFL and SACA for the redevelopment" was $535 million, and the deadline was extended to August 2010. Simultaneously, the SACA and the SANFL were in the process of negotiating an agreement that would enable Australian Rules Football (AFL) to use Adelaide Oval during the AFL season as their home ground. In September 2010, an agreement between Port Adelaide, SACA, the SANFL and the AFL had still not been achieved.
The redevelopment is also planned to include a $20 million pedestrian bridge across the River Torrens to link the Adelaide railway station precinct with the Adelaide Oval precinct. there was debate on whether the Adelaide Crows will move from Football Park (AAMI Stadium) to Adelaide Oval, or continue to use AAMI Stadium as their home ground. If they do move to Adelaide Oval, it is expected that AAMI will withdraw their sponsorship, and the land around Football Park will be rezoned to allow the SANFL (the owners of Football Park) to profit from the rezoning. Fans of the Adelaide Crows have rallied in support of the club to stay at Football Park. It was announced 2 months prior to the SACA vote that the Adelaide Crows will move to Adelaide Oval and use it as their home ground, as does Port Adelaide. Once the upgrade on the oval has been completed, The Port Adelaide and Adelaide Football clubs will move immediately to Adelaide oval. Once the move has been completed from Football Park to Adelaide Oval, AAMI will withdraw their sponsorship of Football Park, The stands at Football Park will be demolished, but the Adelaide Football Club Administrative offices, CrowsMania (Adelaide Football Clubs merchandise store), the Oval itself and the surrounding area will stay..In Early 2011, the AFL, SANFL, SACA, the SA Government and the Australian Government reached an agreement to upgrade Adelaide Oval. The SACA and the SANFL proposed, if SACA members vote yes on the upgrade in early May, that the whole Stadium will undergo redevelopment, except for the Northern Mound, the Moreton Bay Fig trees and the scoreboard, which will stay as it is because of it being under heritage listing. The stadium's capacity is meant to exceed 50,000, and it will have 2 T.V. screens, which will both be bigger than the ones at the MCG, which, at the moment, are the biggest in the country. If SACA members do vote yes, (75% of SACA need to vote yes for the deal to go ahead) then the SANFL and AFL will have control over the stadium for 7 months of the year, and SACA will have control for 5 months of the year.
SACA members could choose to vote online on 28 April 2011, of whether they want the upgrade to go ahead, or they could go to the Adelaide Showgrounds on 2 May 2011, to vote. At 6pm, 28 April 2011, It was announced that 60% of SACA members that voted online voted yes, 15% short of the Majority vote needed for the upgrade to go ahead. At 10.15pm, on 2 May 2011, at the Adelaide Showgrounds, it was announced that the votes had been counted and finalized. The results were, 80.37% of total votes cast were in favour of Adelaide Oval being redeveloped, meaning that the upgrade will go ahead. Other small complications are still ahead, but should be easily passed. The upgrade recommenced in April, 2012, and is expected to be finished in time for the 2014 AFL season, if there isn't any more delays. The whole Oval will be upgraded except for the already rebuilt Western grandstand (SACA and SANFL members only stand), the Northern Mound, the Historic Scoreboard and the Moreton Bay fig trees. The Northern Mound, the Moreton Bay fig trees and the Scoreboard are all listed under the Heritage act and will never be demolished unless they are damaged beyond repair.
Adelaide Oval hosts the following major sporting events:
- International cricket — Test and One Day International. Adelaide Oval hosts some of the many exciting events in the cricketing calendar — including the annual Australia Day One Day International on 26 January (replacing a traditional Australia Day test) and every 4 years, one of the 5 Ashes test matches against England. The tests are now normally held in early December and is a clash between Australia and the international touring team of that particular season. In 2011, Adelaide Oval held its first Twenty20 International between Australia and England, a match which England won by 1 wicket.
- Domestic cricket — Adelaide Oval is the home ground for the first-class South Australian state cricket team, The West End Southern Redbacks and Twenty20 cricket team, the Adelaide Strikers. The Strikers compete in the Big Bash League. The Southern Redbacks compete in the Sheffield Shield and the Ryobi One Day Cup.
- Australian rules football — Adelaide Oval hosts SANFL matches, including many of the finals. Traditional fixtures include a "Grand Final rematch" between last year's Grand Finalists on the afternoon of ANZAC Day, which is well attended due to the venue's close proximity to the Torrens Parade Ground, the end of the ANZAC Day Parade in Adelaide, and the Finals in the first 3 weeks of the SANFL Finals Series, with only the Grand Final being played at AAMI Stadium. Australian Football League matches are played at AAMI Stadium, although this will change in 2014 when AFL games will be shifted to a redeveloped and expanded Adelaide Oval. The first AFL game that took place at the venue was Port Adelaide v Melbourne in Round 24 of the 2011 AFL Season, with Port Adelaide winning by 8 points in front of 29,340 fans.
- Rugby sevens — From 2007 until 2010, Adelaide Oval has hosted the Australia Sevens event in the IRB Sevens World Series.
- Rugby Union — Adelaide Oval hosted two games of the 2003 Rugby World Cup. On 25 October, The Wallabies played their first international game in Adelaide when they defeated Namibia 142-0 in front of 28,196 fans. The next day Ireland defeated Argentina 16-15 in front of 30,203 fans.
- Soccer — Adelaide United FC have played a number of A-League home games against Sydney FC and Melbourne Victory FC. Adelaide Oval was the site of an international friendly match between the Socceroos and New Zealand on 5 June 2011.
- Rugby League – In 1991 NSWRL came to Adelaide Oval when the St. George Dragons played the Balmain Tigers on a cold and wet Friday night under temporary lights in the first of five games that the Dragons would play at the oval over the next five years. That game set a rugby league record crowd for the ground when 28,884 people attended, and was in fact the highest minor round attendance for the 1991 NSWRL season. In 1997 Adelaide got its own side in the much vaunted (but short lived) Super League competition with the Adelaide Rams. Their first home game attracted their record crowd when 27,435 saw the Rams defeat SL's other new team, the Hunter Mariners 10–8, however, after disputes over money (and dwindling crowds) they left the ground in 1998 and moved to Hindmarsh Stadium. In the 2010 and 2011 National Rugby League seasons, Sydney club the Canterbury Bulldogs played home games at the Oval against the Melbourne Storm. Unfortunately the Bulldogs decided that from 2012 they would take the game to the Virgin Australia Stadium in Mackay in Queensland instead.
16 sports have been played at one time or another at the oval: archery, athletics, baseball, cycling, gridion, highland games, hockey, lacrosse, lawn tennis, rugby league, rugby union, quoits and soccer.
Adelaide Oval has hosted major concerts during its time, with some of the most famous acts including Fleetwood Mac (1977 & 2004), David Bowie (1978 & 1983), KISS (1980), Madonna and Paul McCartney (1993), Michael Jackson (1996), Billy Joel and Elton John (1998), P!nk (2002), Pearl Jam (2009), AC/DC and Wolfmother (2010) and Foo Fighters (2011).
On 21 November 2013, The Rolling Stones confirmed they would play the first concert at the Adelaide Oval on March 22, 2014.
- Most Goals in a Game:
- 4 – Justin Westhoff, Port Adelaide vs. Melbourne, 4 September 2011
- 3 – Brett Ebert, Port Adelaide vs. Melbourne, 4 September 2011
- 2 – Travis Boak, Port Adelaide vs. Melbourne, 4 September 2011
- 2 – Danyle Pearce, Port Adelaide vs. Melbourne, 4 September 2011
- 2 – Jordie McKenzie, Melbourne vs. Port Adelaide, 4 September 2011
- Most Disposals in a Game:
- 35 – Brent Moloney, Melbourne vs. Port Adelaide, 4 September 2011
- 27 – Jack Trengove, Melbourne vs. Port Adelaide, 4 September 2011
- 26 – Steven Salopek, Port Adelaide vs. Melbourne, 4 September 2011
- 26 – Matthew Bate, Melbourne vs. Port Adelaide, 4 September 2011
- 25 – Danyle Pearce, Port Adelaide vs. Melbourne, 4 September 2011
- Most Goals Kicked:
- Longest Undefeated Streak:
- 1 game – Port Adelaide, 2011–
Last updated: 30 September 2013
Top 10 Sports Attendance Records
|1||2 October 1965||Port Adelaide v. Sturt||Australian rules football||SANFL||62,543|
|2||1 October 1966||Port Adelaide v. Sturt||Australian rules football||SANFL||59,417|
|3||28 September 1957||Port Adelaide v. Norwood||Australian rules football||SANFL||58,924|
|4||30 September 1967||Port Adelaide v. Sturt||Australian rules football||SANFL||58,849|
|5||28 September 1968||Port Adelaide v. Sturt||Australian rules football||SANFL||57,811|
|6||29 September 1973||Glenelg v. North Adelaide||Australian rules football||SANFL||56,525|
|7||30 October 1964||Port Adelaide v. South Adelaide||Australian rules football||SANFL||56,353|
|8||30 September 1972||Port Adelaide v. North Adelaide||Australian rules football||SANFL||55,709|
|9||4 October 1969||Glenelg v. Sturt||Australian rules football||SANFL||55,600|
|10||2 October 1954||Port Adelaide v. West Adelaide||Australian rules football||SANFL||54,282|
Top 5 Musical Acts/Events Attendance Records
|№||Date||Name Of Tour/Event||Band/Singer||Crowd|
|1||2 March 2010||Black Ice World Tour||AC/DC||41,569|
|2||1 December 1993||The Girlie Show World Tour||Madonna||40,000|
|3||18 March 1998||Face to Face||Elton John/Billy Joel||37,500|
|4||26 November 1996||HIStory World Tour||Michael Jackson||30,000|
- Hilferty, Tim (11 April 2009). "50,000 Adelaide Oval capacity not enough, says expert".
- Adelaide Oval at Austadiums
- "Out Among the People". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 16 January 1951. p. 4. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- SACA – Adelaide Oval – Overview 28 December 2006
- "South Australia vs. Tasmania, 1877–78". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Inc. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "A Worthy Citizen". The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 – 1929) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 20 September 1926. p. 9. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- p69, Mark Peel, England Expects, A biography of Ken Barrington, The Kingswood Press, 1992
- The Australian, 3 December 2009
- AAP, Sydney Morning Herald, 2 May 2011
- Valentina Changarathil (11 March 2013). "Beginning of changes to Adelaide Oval's surface". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA). Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- New-look Adelaide Oval to chase AFL, The Australian, 2 August 2008
- Michael Owen, The Australian, 3 December 2009
- AAP, Daily Telegraph, 2 December 2009
- Steve Larkin, Roar; Your Sports Opinion, 3 December 2009
- "Re: Adelaide Oval Redevelopment inc. $450 million 'extension". Sensational Adelaide. Retrieved 27 May 2011. "The "Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority" was registered as a company on 23 Dec 2009 following the re-announcement of the plan (now $450 million) by Mike Rann, in time for the March 2010 election."
- Adelaide Oval SMA Limited ABN 46 141 259 538. "Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority Organisation Chart" (PDF). Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Rann caps State Government's commitment, Advertiser, 7 April 2010: SA Premier Mike Rann has capped the State Government's commitment to any redevelopment of Adelaide Oval for AFL football at $450 million. "It's $450 million – and not a penny more", said Mr Rann today ruling out the government underwriting any cost over-runs at Adelaide Oval.
- Adelaide Oval plan still short by $50m, 27 May 2010, Adelaidenow.com.au
- AFL at Adelaide Oval, SACA website
- Stadium Management Authority promotional brochure, 13 August 2010, SACA website
- Stadium Management Authority official website, www.adelaideovalredevelopment.com.au
- SMA Design Briefing, 18 June 2010, SANFL website
- U2 to lead the charge, The Advertiser, 10 November 2006
- "Adelaide Oval Venue Information". Retrieved 29 September 2013.
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