Adelaide Showgrounds

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Wayville Showground
Speedway Royale
Location Wayville, South Australia
Coordinates 34°56′48″S 138°35′12″E / 34.94667°S 138.58667°E / -34.94667; 138.58667 (Adelaide Showgrounds)Coordinates: 34°56′48″S 138°35′12″E / 34.94667°S 138.58667°E / -34.94667; 138.58667 (Adelaide Showgrounds)
Capacity 14,000 (current)
35,000 (1930's)
Owner Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of SA
Operator Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of SA (showground)
Various (speedway)
Opened 1925 (showground)
1926 (speedway)
1934 (harness racing)
Major events Royal Adelaide Show
Australian Solo Championship
World Series Sprintcars
West End Speedway International
Castrol Sidecar Cup
Supanova Pop Culture Expo
Inter Dominion
Main Arena / Speedway
Surface dirt and sand mix
Length 0.316 mi (0.510 km)
Sideshow Alley at the Royal Adelaide Show. The Mad Mouse was the original roller coaster at the show.
The atrium at the 2007 show.
Speedway at the Wayville Showgrounds in 2005

The Royal Adelaide Showgrounds colloquially known as the Wayville Showgrounds and now operating under the trade name 'Adelaide Showground' holds many of Adelaide's most popular events, including the Royal Adelaide Show.

The Showgrounds are located in the inner-southern Adelaide suburb of Wayville, just south of Greenhill Road. They are bordered by Goodwood Road (east), Leader Street (south), the railway line (west) and Rose Terrace (north). The Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia (RAHS) has controlled the site since the 1920s, the land having been purchased by the South Australian government prior to the First World War. The Royal Show moved to the present site in 1925.

The showgrounds has one of the largest under-cover exhibition spaces in the Southern Hemisphere, and hosts over 140 exhibitions and conferences each year, as well as University of Adelaide and University of South Australia examinations. The RAHS also leases the former Investigator Science and Technology Centre to the Edge Church.

In 2008 Premier Mike Rann announced that the largest rooftop solar installation in Australia would be installed on the new Goyder Pavilion, the centrepiece of the Adelaide Showgrounds upgrade. The $8 million investment saw 10,000 square metres of solar panels installed, generating 14,00 mega-watt hours of solar electricity, the equivalent to powering 200 South Australian homes and saving 1,400 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per year. The size of the project meant that the Adelaide Showgrounds is registered as a power station.[1]

Main arena[edit]

Speedway[edit]

The main arena of the showgrounds, which at its peak in the 1920s and 1930s held 35,000 people, but now can hold approximately 14,000, was known as the Speedway Royale during its heyday from 1926 until 1934, and is sometimes referred to as "The birthplace of Australian Speedway", even though dirt track speedway in Australia actually started in Maitland, New South Wales, in 1923, three years before it started at Wayville. Speedway has been held on the egg-shaped track that is the main arena since 1926.

The track itself has a dirt and sand mixture over a concrete base and is 510 metres (560 yd) in length. When used it is one of the fastest speedway's in Australia with wide open corners and both the front and back straights being over 90 metres (98 yd) in length. In 1928 the Speedway Royal was promoted as "The World's Fastest Dirt Track Speedway".[2]

Wayville stopped holding speedway meetings after 1934. Reasons for this remain unclear, though one theory is that as the arena was also used year round as Adelaide's Harness Racing track it was felt that the speedway meetings chopped the track up too much. Another theory was that due to the Great Depression, the promoters could no longer afford to run meetings at the venue. Other than various demonstration runs over the years at the Royal Adelaide Show, speedway would not return to Wayville until 1986, an incredible gap of 52 years with the staging of the first West End Speedway International in February 1986 featuring some of the worlds best motorcycle speedway riders. Wayville has also hosted the Australian Solo Championship in 1928 (3 laps and 6 laps), 1929 (3 laps), 1930 (3 laps), 1931 (6 laps), 1932 (3 laps) and again in 2002. It also was the Adelaide venue for the short lived Series 500 (Australian Masters Series) which featured world championship riders between 1995 and 1999.

Since the mid-1980s, World Champion riders to compete at Wayville have included six time World Champion Ivan Mauger of New Zealand, 1987 West End International winner Hans Nielsen and Tommy Knudsen from Denmark, six time World Champion Tony Rickardsson from Sweden, Simon Wigg, Michael Lee, Gary Havelock and Kelvin Tatum from England, inaugural West End International winner Rick Miller, Shawn Moran, Sam Ermolenko, Bobby Schwartz, and Billy Hamill of the USA, Egon Müller of West Germany, as well as Australia's own Jason Crump and his father Phil Crump, Leigh Adams, Craig Boyce, Todd Wiltshire, and Adelaide's own Steve Baker (the 1983 European (World) Under-21 Champion) and Ryan Sullivan. Other top riders to have raced at Wayville include 1991 West End International winner Shane Bowes, and miltiple South Australian Champions Mark Fiora, Shane Parker, and Craig Hodgson.

Riders who appeared at Wayville in its early years included future World Champions Lionel Van Praag (winner of the inaugural World Championship at the Wembley Stadium in 1936) and Bluey Wilkinson, as well as Vic Huxley, Alby Taylor, Sig Schlam, Frank Arthur, English stars Jack Parker, Harry Whitfield, and Norman Evans, and America's unofficial World Champion of 1931 Sprouts Elder. Even for regular speedway meetings not involving overseas or interstate riders, crowds at Wayville during this period were regularly around the 25,000 mark, making Wayville the best supported speedway in Australia during its formative years.

It was during this early period in the late 1920s that a young Kym Bonython, later to be the a successful Speedcar driver, art gallery owner and the highly successful promoter of Adelaide's Rowley Park Speedway from 1954-1973, got his first taste of a sport which would become a lifelong passion. Bonython managed to persuade his reluctant mother to take him to a meeting at Wayville and he was hooked.

On 2 January 1933, Wayville hosted Round 2 of the four round qualifying series for the unofficial World Championship with the final to be held at the 509 metres (557 yd) Sydney Showground Speedway in March 1933. Queensland's Dicky Smythe won the Wayville meeting from Bluey Wilkinson and Norman Evans.

Australia's leading Sprintcar series, the World Series Sprintcars has also raced many times at Wayville, although the sand base of the track isn't a favourite of the drivers (many drivers likened it to racing on a beach), and the series generally runs at the purpose built Speedway City when in Adelaide. Sidecar speedway is also popular when run at the showground, with many high profile meetings held there including the now defunct "Castrol Cup", as well as exhibition races at the Royal Adelaide Show.

In 2002, Wayville also hosted the South Australian Speedcar Championship, the first time since 1979 that the championship was not run at Speedway City. Former triple Australian Speedcar Champion Warrenne Ekins from the Northern Territory won his second SA title, having previously won in 1997.

Wayville holds the record in Australian speedway for the longest wait between hosting an Australian championship. Before the 2002 Australian Solo Championship, Wayville had not hosted the title since 1932, a gap of an incredible 70 years, only just eclipsing the former record of 69 years between championships held by the Newcastle Showground which hosted four separate Australian championships in 1927, then had to wait until 1996 before the championship would return.

Other Uses[edit]

The main arena was also the home ground of the West Adelaide Football Club in the South Australian National Football League from 1927 until it was taken over by the Australian Army after the 1939 season due to the outbreak of World War II. West Adelaide would win the SANFL premiership in 1927, their first year based at the Showgrounds. West Adelaide merged with the Glenelg Football Club during WW2, and from 1940 were forced to play their home games at the Adelaide Oval until their current home, Richmond Oval, was opened in 1958. West Adelaide remain the only SANFL team to use the showgrounds as their home ground, though in the 2000s there were (ultimately false) rumours that the Sturt Football Club (Wayville is in their Adelaide zone) were looking play night football at the Showgrounds. Despite the main arena having suitable lighting, Wayville has never been used for night football.

The 510 metre long track was also the home of harness racing in Adelaide from 1934 until 1973 when all meetings moved to the longer (845.50 metres), purpose built Globe Derby Park which had opened in 1969. Wayville, which was shorter than most of the capital city trotting tracks in Australia, hosted the Inter Dominion championships on six occasions - 1937, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, and 1969.[3]

Other than hosting various outdoor events during the Royal Adelaide Show, the main arena also hosts the Adelaide leg of the annual Big Day Out music festival, as well as Monster Trucks and Motocross events such as the Supercross Masters.[4]

Of the five Australian mainland capital city showgrounds main arena's, Wayville and the Brisbane Exhibition Ground are the only ones that still stand largely as they did in their formative years. The Sydney Showground in Moore Park is now Fox Studios Australia, though its main arena is still clearly visible, while the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales moved to the Olympic Park site in Homebush in 1998. The Claremont Showgrounds in Perth still stands intact and in use by the Royal Agricultural Society of Western Australia, but the main arena which from 1927 until 2000 housed the Claremont Speedway, has been redeveloped with the speedway no longer in operation. The 550 metres (600 yards) speedway track was removed and while still the main arena of the showgrounds, is now a fully grassed oval. The Melbourne Showgrounds main arena, which housed a 610 metres (670 yards) harness racing and speedway track, was demolished in 2002 and replaced by a 3,000 seat square main arena which also saw use as a the home venue of the Melbourne Aces in the Australian Baseball League from 2010-2012.

Centennial Hall[edit]

Sand sculpture of the demolished Centennial Hall

Centennial Hall, built to celebrate the centenary of the founding of the Colony (later State) of South Australia, and to house the 1936 Centennial Empire Exhibition,[5] was opened on 20 March 1936. It was considered to be a significant historical landmark, and was one of the few remaining examples of 1930s Art Deco architecture in Adelaide.

However, the building developed "concrete cancer" and was closed at the end of the 2005 Royal Show because it was unsafe. Demolition of Centennial Hall commenced on Wednesday 18 July 2007.[6][7]

In addition to the exams and the shows, some of the more notable events held in Centennial Hall were:

1947
1947
1947

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ SA Government News Release, "SA to house Australia's largest rooftop solar installation"
  2. ^ Wayville Speedway promotions
  3. ^ 1963 Inter Dominion at Wayville
  4. ^ Gilbert Racing
  5. ^ Centennial exhibition, www.samemory.sa.gov.au
  6. ^ Peter Goers (2006) Hall of fame shame, 9 Sept 2006, Sunday Mail, www.adelaidenow.com.au
  7. ^ The floor from Centennial Hall is for sale!, 27 August 2007, www.woodworkforums.com
  8. ^ Live: Centennial Hall, Adelaide, 12 June 1964, www.beatlesbible.com
  9. ^ Live: Centennial Hall, Adelaide, 13 June 1964, www.beatlesbible.com

External links[edit]