Adelaide of Rheinfelden

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Adelaide of Rheinfelden
Spouse(s) Ladislaus I of Hungary
Noble family Rheinfelden
Father Rudolf of Rheinfelden
Mother Adelaide of Savoy
Born c. 1065[1]
Died May 1090

Adelaide of Rheinfelden (or Adelaide of Swabia) (German: Adelheid) (1060s – May 1090), was the daughter of Rudolf of Rheinfelden; and wife of King Ladislaus I of Hungary. She was a Queen Consort of Hungary.

Life[edit]

Adelaide was born circa 1065 to Rudolf of Rheinfelden, duke of Swabia and German anti-king, and his second wife, Adelaide of Savoy.[1] Her maternal aunt was Bertha of Savoy, who was married to Henry IV of Germany.

Around 1077/8 Adelaide married Ladislaus I of Hungary, a member of the Árpád dynasty.[2] Ladislaus agreed to support Rudolf in his struggle for the throne against Henry IV of Germany. In 1079 Adelaide’s mother died, followed in 1080 by her father, who fell at the Battle of Elster.[1]

In 1081 Pope Gregory VII wrote to Adelaide, urging her to encourage her husband to support monasteries and be generous to the poor and the weak.[3]

Adelaide and her husband had two children:

  • Piroska of Hungary (c. 1080 – August 13, 1134), wife of John II, emperor of the Byzantine Empire[1]
  • Unknown daughter (? – ?), wife of Prince Yaroslav of Volhynia.

Adelaide died in May 1090; her husband outlived her by 5 years. She was buried in Veszprém, where her gravestone remains.

References[edit]

  • E. Hlawitschka, ‘Zur Herkunft und zu den Seitenverwandten des Gegenkönigs Rudolf,’ in Die Salier und das Reich, I, pp. 175–220

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Adelaide of Rheinfelden (c. 1065–?)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Retrieved 8 January 2013. (subscription required)
  2. ^ Hlawitschka, ‘Zur Herkunft,‘ p. 182
  3. ^ Epistolae: Medieval Women's Latin Letters
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Hungarian Wikipedia.
Adelaide of Rheinfelden
Rheinfelden
Born: c. 1060 Died: May 1090
Preceded by
Synadene
Queen Consort of Hungary
1077–1090
Succeeded by
Felicia of Sicily