Adelanto, California

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City of Adelanto
City
Official seal of City of Adelanto
Seal
Location of Adelanto in California
Location of Adelanto in California
Coordinates: 34°34′34″N 117°25′58″W / 34.57611°N 117.43278°W / 34.57611; -117.43278Coordinates: 34°34′34″N 117°25′58″W / 34.57611°N 117.43278°W / 34.57611; -117.43278
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated (city) 1970-12-22[1]
Government
 • Mayor Cari Thomas
Area[2]
 • Total 56.027 sq mi (145.107 km2)
 • Land 56.009 sq mi (145.062 km2)
 • Water 0.018 sq mi (0.046 km2)  0.03%
Elevation 2,871 ft (875 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 31,765
 • Density 570/sq mi (220/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Zip Code 92301[3]
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-00296
GNIS feature ID 1660232
Website http://www.ci.adelanto.ca.us

Adelanto is a city in San Bernardino County, California about 9 miles (14 km) northwest of Victorville. The population was 31,765 at the 2010 census, up from 18,130 at the 2000 census.

Name[edit]

The name Adelanto means progress or advance in Spanish, and was first given to the post office that was established on the site in 1917.[4]

History[edit]

Adelanto was founded in 1915 by E. H. Richardson, the inventor of what became the Hotpoint Electric Iron.[5] He sold his patent and purchased land for $75,000. He had planned to develop one of the first planned communities in Southern California. Richardson subdivided his land into one-acre plots, which he hoped to sell to veterans with respiratory ailments suffered during World War I. He also hoped to build a respiratory hospital. Richardson never fully realized his dream, but his planning laid the foundation for what is currently the City of Adelanto.

Acres of deciduous fruit trees once grew in the city, which became known in the state for its fresh fruit and cider. The orchards thrived until the Great Depression, when they were replaced by poultry ranches. As the wartime emergency developed early in 1941, the Victorville Army Air Field was established with land within the Adelanto sphere of influence. In September 1950, the air field was named George Air Force Base in honor of the late Brigadier General Harold H. George.

Adelanto continued as a "community services district" until 1970, when the city incorporated, and Adelanto became San Bernardino County's smallest city. The city became a charter city in November 1992.[6]

Geography[edit]

Adelanto is located in the Mojave Desert at 34°34′34″N 117°25′58″W / 34.57611°N 117.43278°W / 34.57611; -117.43278 (34.575990, -117.432713).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.0 square miles (145 km2). 56.0 square miles (145 km2) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) of it (0.03%) is water.

Approximate elevation: 3,400 ft (1,000 m).

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Adelanto has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Adelanto had a population of 31,765. The population density was 567.0 people per square mile (218.9/km²). The racial makeup of Adelanto was 13,909 (43.8%) White (17.0% Non-Hispanic White),[10] 6,511 (20.5%) African American, 411 (1.3%) Native American, 617 (1.9%) Asian, 194 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 8,337 (26.2%) from other races, and 1,786 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,513 persons (58.3%).

The Census reported that 30,012 people (94.5% of the population) lived in households, 30 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,723 (5.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 7,809 households, out of which 4,959 (63.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,000 (51.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,857 (23.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 722 (9.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 769 (9.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 58 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 910 households (11.7%) were made up of individuals and 209 (2.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.84. There were 6,579 families (84.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.11.

The population was spread out with 11,807 people (37.2%) under the age of 18, 3,916 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 9,287 people (29.2%) aged 25 to 44, 5,358 people (16.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,397 people (4.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.3 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.

There were 9,086 housing units at an average density of 162.2 per square mile (62.6/km²), of which 4,513 (57.8%) were owner-occupied, and 3,296 (42.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 6.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 12.3%. 16,825 people (53.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,187 people (41.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Adelanto had a median household income of $41,113, with 32.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[10]

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 18,130 people, 4,714 households, and 3,841 families residing in the city. The population density was 338.7 inhabitants per square mile (130.8/km²). There were 5,547 housing units at an average density of 103.6 per square mile (40.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.5% White, 13.1% African American, 1.6% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 26.6% from other races, and 6.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 45.8% of the population.

There were 4,714 households out of which 56.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.5 and the average family size was 3.9.

The population had 38.0% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 35.2% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 115.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,594, and the median income for a family was $35,254. Males had a median income of $33,971 versus $25,807 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,053. About 21.4% of families and 24.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Adelanto Branch Library

Established in 1921 as part of the San Bernardino County's library system, the Adelanto Library began in the office of a fruit company.[12] El Mirage Dry Lake, located west of Adelanto, has been used for filming movies and television commercials, most notably the opening sequence of the later episodes of the TV series, Sky King.

Sports[edit]

The city has a Minor League Baseball team called the High Desert Mavericks. They feed into the Seattle Mariners.[13]

Government[edit]

In the state legislature Adelanto is located in the 17th and 18th Senate Districts, represented by Republicans Sharon Runner and Jean Fuller respectively, and in the 36th Assembly District, represented by Republican Steve Knight. Federally, Adelanto is located in California's 25th congressional district, represented by Republican Buck McKeon.

Education[edit]

Adelanto has its own school district, the Adelanto School District. It has twelve elementary schools. Students who attend these elementary schools may attend Adelanto High School,[14] or one of two other high schools outside the area in Victorville or Phelan. opened. There is one charter school in town, Adelanto Charter Academy.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

Until 2001, Adelanto had its own police department, which was disbanded due to massive corruption[citation needed], but now contracts with the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department for police services. The Adelanto Substation is located on US Highway 395 and Bartlett Avenue. The station provides full service law enforcement for the City of Adelanto, and unincorporated areas of the Victor Valley such as Phelan, Lucerne Valley, and Spring Valley Lake. The former regional station (next to the Victorville Courthouse) serving unincorporated areas of the Victor Valley was consolidated into the Adelanto Station in 2009. Until 1999, fire protection was provided by the city's own fire department. The city now contracts with the San Bernardino County Fire Department. There are two stations located within the city limits providing paramedic service as well as fire and rescue services. Ambulance and patient transportation is provided by American Medical Response.

The privately owned Adelanto Detention Center, run by the GEO Group to house immigrant detainees, was built in Adelanto in 1991 as a state prison.[16]

Filmings[edit]

The music video for the song "Dilly" by Band of Horses was filmed in 2010 at Murphy's Bar and Grill in Adelanto.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-02-20. 
  4. ^ Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed. ed.). University of California Press. p. 3. ISBN 0-520-24217-3. 
  5. ^ "The Hotpoint/General Electric Collection, 1911-1975". Robert E. Ellingwood Model Colony History Room, Ontario City Library. Retrieved 2010-12-03. 
  6. ^ "History: Adelanto". City of Adelanto - Official Website. Retrieved 2010-12-03. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Adelanto, California Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Adelanto city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Adelanto (city), California". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Rick Erikson, "History of San Bernardino County Library: 1913-1988." Adelanto p. 4.
  13. ^ "The Official Site of The High Desert Mavericks". Milb.com. 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ "First high school in Adelanto". Victorville Daily Press. Retrieved 2010-11-11. 
  15. ^ "Adelanto school board approves city's first charter school". Victorville Daily Press. Retrieved 2010-11-11. 
  16. ^ "Adelanto Detention Facility". The GEO Group Inc. May 27, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Dilly (TV 2010)". IMDb.com, Inc. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 

External links[edit]