Adelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow

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The Right Honourable
The Earl Brownlow
GCVO PC VD DL JP
Paymaster-General
In office
March 1887 – 1889
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by The Earl Beauchamp
Succeeded by The Earl of Jersey
Under-Secretary of State for War
In office
1 January 1890 – 11 August 1892
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by The Lord Harris
Succeeded by The Lord Sandhurst
Personal details
Born 19 August 1844 (1844-08-19)
Lowndes Street, London
Died 17 March 1921 (1921-03-18)
Belton, Lincolnshire
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Lady Adelaide Chetwynd-Talbot (1844–1917)

Adelbert Wellington Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow GCVO, PC, VD, DL, JP (19 August 1844 – 17 March 1921), was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.

Background and education[edit]

Brownlow was the second son of John Egerton, Viscount Alford, eldest son and heir apparent of John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow. His mother was Lady Marianne Margaret, daughter of Spencer Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton. His father died when he was seven years old. He was educated at Eton.[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1866 Brownlow was elected to the House of Commons for North Shropshire.[1][2] However, he was forced to resign his seat already the following year when he succeeded in the earldom of Brownlow on the death of his older brother, and entered the House of Lords. He held office under Lord Salisbury as Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board from 1885 to 1886, as Paymaster-General from 1887 to 1889 and as Under-Secretary of State for War from 1889 to 1892[1] and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1887.[3]

Apart from his political career he was also Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1867 to 1921, a Deputy Lieutenant for Hertfordshire and a Justice of the Peace for Shropshire, Hertfordshire,[1] Lincolnshire and Buckinghamshire.[4]

Military career[edit]

Brownlow served with the Grenadier Guards as lieutenant from 1863 to 1866,[5] and was later commanding officer of the Bedfordshire Volunteer Infantry Brigade between 1889 and 1892,[1] and Home Counties Brigade in 1895.[6] He was Honorary Colonel of the 4th Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment from 1868 to 1908,[4] of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion of the Bedfordshire Regiment from 1883 to 1901,[4] and of the Lincolnshire Yeomanry and 4th Volunteer Battalion of the Hertfordshire Regiment from 1901.[4] He was awarded the Volunteer Decoration.[1]

Courtier[edit]

The Countess Brownlow by Frederic Leighton, 1879.

Brownlow was a Volunteer Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria, Edward VII and George V.[1] He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in the 1921 New Year Honours for his services to the Royal Household.[7]

Family[edit]

Lord Brownlow married Lady Adelaide Chetwynd-Talbot, daughter of Henry Chetwynd-Talbot, 18th Earl of Shrewsbury, in 1868. They had no children. She died in March 1917, aged 73. Lord Brownlow survived her by four years and died in March 1921, aged 75. On his death the earldom and viscountcy of Alford became extinct while he was succeeded in his barony and baronetcy by his second cousin, Adelbert Cust.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g thepeerage.com Adelbert Wellington Brownlow Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow
  2. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Shankill to Southampton
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25721. p. 3827. 15 July 1887.
  4. ^ a b c d Kelly's Handbook of the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1920. Kelly's. p. 270. 
  5. ^ "Death of Earl Brownlow - Former M.P. for North Shropshire". Shrewsbury Chronicle. 25 March 1921. p. 8. 
  6. ^ Mate, Charles H. (editor) (1907). Shropshire, Historical, Descriptive, Biographical - Volume II, Biographical. Mate. p. 9. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32178. p. 8. 1 January 1921.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Ormsby-Gore
Hon. Charles Cust
Member of Parliament for North Shropshire
with John Ormsby-Gore

1866–1867
Succeeded by
John Ormsby-Gore
Viscount Newport
Political offices
Preceded by
George W. E. Russell
Parliamentary Secretary to the
Local Government Board

1885–1886
Succeeded by
Jesse Collings
Preceded by
The Earl Beauchamp
Paymaster-General
1887–1889
Succeeded by
The Earl of Jersey
Preceded by
The Lord Harris
Under-Secretary of State for War
1889–1892
Succeeded by
The Lord Sandhurst
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Aveland
Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
1867–1921
Succeeded by
The Earl of Yarborough
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Egerton-Cust
Earl Brownlow
1867–1921
Extinct
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Egerton-Cust
Baron Brownlow
1867–1921
Succeeded by
Adelbert Cust