Adenau

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Adenau
1630 Fachwerk house in marketplace
1630 Fachwerk house in marketplace
Coat of arms of Adenau
Coat of arms
Adenau   is located in Germany
Adenau
Adenau
Coordinates: 50°23′N 6°56′E / 50.383°N 6.933°E / 50.383; 6.933Coordinates: 50°23′N 6°56′E / 50.383°N 6.933°E / 50.383; 6.933
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Ahrweiler
Municipal assoc. Adenau
Government
 • Stadtbürgermeister Bernd Schiffarth (CDU)
Area
 • Total 18.56 km2 (7.17 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 2,839
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 53511–53518
Dialling codes 02691
Vehicle registration AW
Website www.stadt-adenau.de

Adenau (About this sound  ) is a town in the High Eifel in Germany. It is known as the Johanniterstadt because the Order of Saint John was based there in the Middle Ages. The town's coat of arms combines the black cross of the Electorate of Cologne with the lion of the lords of Nürburg. The northern loop of the Nürburgring lies just outside the town.

The Breidscheid section of Adenau was a separate municipality until 1952. The lords of Breidscheid are mentioned in the 13th Century. The chapel of Breidscheid is dedicated to Saints Roch and Sebastian and was built in 1630 as a plague chapel.

History[edit]

Adenau around 1900
The Wilhem Tower on the Hohe Acht

Adenau is mentioned for the first time in 992, under the name Adenova. In 1162, Ulrich, Count of Are donated his manor to the Order of St. John (also called the Order of Malta). Adenau was the third oldest settlement of this order in Germany. The members of the order cared for paupers and pilgrims. Until 1518, the Komtur of the order also served as the parish priest.

In 1816 Adenau became the seat of an independent district. The District of Adenau was one of the poorest districts in Prussia. In 1927 the Nürburgring opened, built on the initiative of local magistrate Dr. Creutz. In 1932 the district of Adenau was merged into the district of Ahrweiler.

Destinations[edit]

Politics[edit]

The town council consists of 20 councillors and the local mayor.

Schools[edit]

In Adenau, there are three schools: a primary, a secondary (Realschule) and a high school (Gymnasium). The Erich Klausener Gymnasium has 723 pupils and 46 teachers.[2] The secondary school has 486 pupils.[3] (Hauptschule)[4] The primary school has 240 pupils and 21 teachers.

The Hohe Acht[edit]

The Hohe Acht is a tertiary volcano, the highest peak in the Eifel, rising 747 m above sea level. It is immediately east of Adenau. The Kaiser-Wilhelm-tower has stood on the peak since 1909. The tower was built from 1908 to 1909 on the occasion of the silver wedding of Emperor Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta Victoria. The 16.3 m high tower was designed by architect Freiherr von Tettau and became a protected monument in 1987. The tower offers a magnificent view of the Eifel landscape.[5]

Culture[edit]

Rock am Ring, 2005

The international rock festival Rock am Ring is a major cultural event.[6] Every year 80,000 or more people meet near Adenau to "rock". The event first took place in 1985, and was originally planned as a unique event. It was so successful, with 75,000 participants, that it was decided to make it an annual event. There has been one 2-year break since then after attendance numbers fell in 1988, after which the festival resumed in 1991 in a revised format with more emphasis on new acts. The camp associated with the festival is an important part of the experience.

Famous people[edit]

Panorama of Adenau, 2006

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 31.12.2012". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2013. 
  2. ^ "Ekg Adenau". Ekg Adenau. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  3. ^ "Realschule Adenau". Realschule Adenau. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  4. ^ "Hauptschule Adenau". Hauptschule Adenau. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  5. ^ "Kaiser-Wilhelm-Turm". eifel.de. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  6. ^ Marek Lieberberg. "Rock am ring". Archived from the original on 14 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.