Adenia globosa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Adenia globosa
Adenia globosa 02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Passifloraceae
Genus: Adenia
Species: A. globosa
Binomial name
Adenia globosa
Engl.
Subspecies

A. g. subsp. curvata (Verdc.) W.J.de Wilde A. g. subsp. pseudoglobosa (Verdc.) W.J.de Wilde[1]

Adenia Globosa in flower, Kapiolani Community College, Honolulu

Adenia globosa is a species of flowering plant in the passionflower family, Passifloraceae. It is native to tropical Africa, where it occurs in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania.[2] It is known as mpaga in Swahili.[3]

Description[edit]

This is a shrub or climbing plant with a warty trunk up to 8 meters tall when growing erect. It may take a shorter, wider form, becoming globular in shape and over 2 meters wide. It is usually succulent and it has thorns up to 8 centimeters long. The alternately arranged leaves are entire and triangular in shape or divided into 3 lobes. The blade is no more than 7 millimeters long. There is one gland near the base. The greenish flowers are solitary or borne in cymes of up to 5 in the leaf axils. The species is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. The male flower is up to 2 centimeters long with 5 stamens, and the female flower is about one centimeter long with three styles. The fruit is a green, leathery, rounded or oval capsule up to 3 centimeters long.[3]

Ecology[edit]

The plant grows in African scrub savanna habitat.[3]

Uses[edit]

The plant is used in traditional African medicine for abdominal pain and itching. The Maasai people use it as medicine for their cattle. The plant is cultivated and traded as an ornamental.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adenia globosa Engl.". The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Adenia globosa. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  3. ^ a b c d de Ruijter, A. 2007. Adenia globosa Engl. In: Schmelzer, G. H. and A. Gurib-Fakim (Eds.) Prota 11(1): Medicinal Plants/Plantes médicinales 1. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands.