Adergoudounbadēs (Ancient Greek: Ἀδεργουδουνβάδης), was a prominent Sassanid Persian nobleman, general, and kanarang in the reigns of Kavadh I (r. 488–531), and Khosrau I (r. 531–579). His life is known only through the work of the Byzantine historian Procopius. His native name was probably Adurgundbād, an abbreviation of Adurgushnaspbād.
Adhurgunbadh first appears in 488. A young man at the time, according to the Byzantine historian Procopius he already had a reputation as a soldier. In that year, he helped Kavadh I rise to the Persian throne against his uncle Balash. As a reward, Kavadh raised Adergoudounbades to the important post of kanarang, governor of the northeastern province of Abarshahr which adjoined Hephthalite territory, replacing his relative, Gushnaspdad (Gousanastades), who was executed.
Little is known of Adergoudounbades during the subsequent decades, save that he had considerable success as a general: Procopius reports that he subdued twelve barbarian tribes to Persian rule. He participated in the Anastasian War, being involved in the siege and capture of Amida in 502.
When Khosrau I ascended the throne in 531, a conspiracy was formed by Bawi and other Persian nobles who wanted to overthrow him and elevate his nephew Kavadh, the son of Kavadh I’s second eldest son Djamasp (Zames)—who could not himself claim the throne as he was blind in one eye—to the throne. The conspiracy was discovered and suppressed, but Kavadh, who was still a child, was away from the court, being raised by Adergoudounbades. Khosrau sent orders to kill Kavadh, but Adergoudounbades disobeyed and brought him up in secret, until he was betrayed to the shah in 541 by his own son, Bahram (Varrames). Khosrau had him executed, but Kavadh, or someone claiming to be him, managed to flee to the Byzantine Empire.
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