Classification and external resources
Adermatoglyphia is a rare medical condition which causes a person to have no fingerprints. There are only four known extended families worldwide which are affected by this condition.
Recently, the description of a case of a person from
Switzerland lacking fingerprints as an isolated finding was published. The [1 ] phenotype was mapped to chromosome 4q22. In the splice-site of a 3' exon of the gene for SMARCAD1- helicase, a point mutation was detected. It results in a shortened form of the skin-specific protein. The heterozygous mode of mutation suggests an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. [2 ]
Other conditions can cause a lack of fingerprints, but unlike them, adermatoglyphia has no other side effects.
Mutations in helicases are in involved in other rare genetic diseases, for instance [3 ] Werner syndrome.
References [ edit ]