|Type||State-owned public company|
Construction and Management of Rail InfrastructureTelecommunications
|Founded||1, January 2005|
|Key people||D. Gonzalo Ferre Moltó, Chairman|
|Employees||13,761 (2010) |
ADIF (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈðif], an acronym of Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias) is a Spanish state-owned company under the responsibility of the Ministry of Public Works and Transport, charged with the management of most of Spain's railway infrastructure, that is the track, signaling and stations. It was formed in 2005 in response to European Union requirements to separate the natural monopoly of infrastructure management from the competitive operations of running train services. It is the legal successor of RENFE (Renfe Operadora), FEVE (Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha), and GIF (Gestor de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias).
ADIF is the result of Railway Sector Act, which arises from the transposition of European directives. It requires that large European national railway independently manage the infrastructure and trains on it. The ultimate goal was to allow any other rail operator operating on the network to do so on equal terms with the operator, in this case, Renfe, promoting free competition. The RENFE division became effective on January 1, 2005 between the two companies:
- Renfe Operator: Owner of trains and responsible for its circulation, which works in competition with other railway companies
- ADIF: Owner of infrastructure and responsible for its management, which provides its services to any rail operator who requests
A similar operation was conducted on December 31, 2012 with FEVE, a company that managed the narrow gauge railways. ADIF took charge of all narrow gauge infrastructures not transferred to the autonomous governments.
ADIF is responsible for administrating rail infrastructures (tracks, stations, freight terminals, etc), managing rail traffic distributing capacity to rail operators, and the collection of fees for infrastructure, station and freight terminal use 
Current High-Speed Rail Lines in Spain
|April 1992||Madrid-Seville HSL|
|October 2003||Madrid-Zaragoza-Lleida section (Madrid-Barcelona-French Border HSL)|
|November 2005||Madrid-Toledo HSL|
|December 2006||Lleida-Camp de Tarragona section (Madrid-Barcelona-French Border HSL)|
|December 2007||Madrid-Valladolid HSL|
|December 2007||Antequera-Malaga section (Cordoba-Malaga HSL)|
|February 2008||Camp de Tarragona-Barcelona section (Madrid-Barcelona-French Border HSL)|
|December 2010||Figueres-Perthus Tunnel and Nudo Mollet Junction-Girona sections (Madrid-Barcelona-French Border HSL)|
|December 2010||Madrid-Cuenca-Albacete-Valencia section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)|
|December 2011||Ourense-Santiago-A Coruña section (Madrid-Galicia and Atlantic Corridor HSL)|
|January 2013||Barcelona – Figueres Section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)|
|June 2013||Albacete - Alicante section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia|
High-Speed Rail Lines under Construction in Spain
- Venta de Baños - Palencia - Léon - Asturias. Length: 225 km (excluding the Pajares New Line)
- Pajares New Line. Length: 49.7 km
- Venta de Baños - Burgos - Vitoria. Length: 200.4 km
- Vitoria - Bilbao - San Sebastián. Length: 176.5 km (including accesses to cities)
- Madrid - Galicia. Olmedo - Zamora - Lubián - Ourense sections. Approximate length: 363 km
- Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region. Length: 955 km (603 in service and 352 under construction)
- Extension of Madrid Southern Access-Torrejón de Velasco
- High-speed Mediterranean Corridor. Murcia-Almería section. Length: 184.4 km (not including the Murcia Railway Network)
- Antequera-Granada. Length: 125.7 km
- Madrid - Extremadura - Portuguese Border. Estimated length: 450 km
- Madrid: Atocha-Chamartín connection. Length: 8.2 km 
|Turnover (millions of Euros)|
|Net business turnover||1,807.0||1,963.0||1,999.8||1.87%|
|Gross operating profit (EBITDA)||204.7||278.0||399.7||43.78%|
|Salary and Compensation to Employees||653.0||674.5||710.5||5.34%|
|Total economic value distributed||2,542.4||2,546.2||2,573.5||1.07%|
Since their inception, both ADIF and RENFE have built up an extensive network of relationships with rail infrastructure managers in other countries, signing cooperation protocols. In the context of these agreements, representatives of various countries like the USA, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Chile, Brazil, Russia, Poland, Turkey and Morocco have come to Spain to learn about their high-speed model. Other delegations interested in learning about the Spanish railway system have also visited ADIF, such as those from Sweden, China, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Saudi Arabia, India, Tunisia, Algeria, United Kingdom, Bulgaria, Japan, Czech Republic, Hungary, Uzbekistan, Croatia, United Arab Emirates, Nigeria, Australia, Qatar, Vietnam, Korea, Indonesia and South Africa. All the delegations that have been interested in its high-speed model in general, but have also shown interest in, among other things, gauge changers, station construction and management, our Public-Private Collaboration (PPC) formula, the Atocha Control Centre, drilling work on the new underground connection between Chamartín and Puerta de Atocha stations, development of New Railway Technologies, and conventional network. For ADIF, one of its key activities is to support and create consortia of Spanish companies to design and construct rail infrastructures and equipment abroad. In this regard, the collaboration agreements signed by ADIF with various countries to develop their railway systems have been very successful, opening the door to Spanish companies interested in having an international presence in countries like Mexico, Russia, United Kingdom, Turkey, Poland, Morocco, Colombia, Chile, India, Brazil, USA and Saudi Arabia. ADIFs participation in this field is part of its strategy, and that of the Ministry of Public Works, to support and strengthen the presence of Spanish companies in foreign markets, and to achieve greater efficiency in the management of public resources. Spanish presence in these international railway projects represents the consolidation of this new vision of exporting technology and experience to international projects, in which we invest for the benefit of the “Spain brand” and for financial profit.
USA The interest shown by the USA is especially notable, taking the form of numerous visits to Spain by official delegations from the Department of Transportation, Congress, Senate, Federal Railroad Administration, several States and high-speed rail authorities. The visit by US Secretary of Transportation, Ray Lahood, resulted in the creation of a working group, already operating, to share information and boost technological cooperation between both countries. The USA is one of countries to show most interest in the technology developed by ADIF. So much so that ADIF has reached agreements to share its experience and know-how to develop high‑speed lines in the USA, especially in the fields of construction, quality control, management and maintenance of high-speed lines.
Turkey The first section of the Ankara-Istanbul HSL (between Ankara and Eskisehir) built by Spanish companies and using Spanish high-speed trains, had ADIF and Renfe consultancy for it’s commissioning in March 2009. ADIF specialists also contributed their expertise and extensive high-speed experience to put the Ankara-Konya HSL into service last August, with trains supplied by CAF and ERTMS system implementation by Dimetronic. ADIF offers its experience in managing and developing Spanish railway networks to play an active role in developing the Turkish railway. ADIF specialists contribute their knowledge in areas ranging from construction techniques and maintenance and repair of high-speed tracks, to management, planning and regulation of railway traffic standards, using technologies such as ERTMS, ATP and the DaVinci traffic management system, for which ADIF owns the intellectual property rights.
Poland In October 2008, ADIF and PKP PLK, the Polish railway infrastructure manager, signed a cooperation agreement to facilitate the exchange of experience and innovation in rail technology between the two organizations.
Russia Agreements covering various areas related to technology, operations, experience, studies, management, construction and maintenance of the railway infrastructure. Of particular note in this regard is the interest shown by Russian Railways in our experience in building and managing high-speed lines, in gauge changers, in station management and operation, and in finding Public-Private Collaboration solutions. It should be noted in this regard that Russian Railways have embarked on an ambitious modernization process that includes investment of 450,000 million dollars, up to the year 2030, in various areas of railway system management. In this context, Ministry of Public Works is promoting the creation of an international consortium of Spanish companies to bid for the contract to construct, and subsequently manage, the high-speed railway line that Russia plans to build between Moscow and St. Petersburg. In addition, Russia has recently acquired seven trains with Talgo variable gauge technology for use on both domestic and international routes. In this regard, ADIF will collaborate in the approval testing of these trains.
Morocco Furthermore, the DaVinci railway traffic control and management system developed by Indra, over which ADIF has the intellectual property rights, is being implemented on Morocco’s railway network. The project, which began on 20 July 2009 with a budget of nearly three million Euros, is considered by ADIF as strategic, since it is the first full implementation of the DaVinci system in a foreign railway administration, and will also manage the future high-speed network in Morocco, for which construction has begun on the first line between Tangier and Kenitra. ADIF also works with Moroccan railways to provide advice on management of projects to re-evaluate railway station spaces, and on designing and sizing stations to take account of environmental aspects, urban integration, intermodality, customer service and commercial sales, along with other aspects to enable railway stations in Morocco to provide advanced services to their users.
Latin America In Latin America, ADIF provides technical assistance for the maintenance and development of the railway traffic management tool on the Greta Chiriguaná-Santa Marta section of North Colombia Railways (Fenoco). In addition, under a recently signed agreement with Acciona, ADIF will support this company to bid for tenders to develop new railway corridors in Colombia, and to improve and refurbish existing lines, as part of the major modernization plans promoted by the country’s Government for 2011-2014. ADIF is also present in Mexico, where it has created a corporation, comprising Ineco and ADIF, to participate in the development of the Mexican National Plan for 2007-2012, with planned investments of 160,000 million Euros.
- http://www.ADIF.es/en_US/conocerADIF/doc/CA_MS_05_10_Resumen-en.pdf Executive Summary page 22/23
- Conocer Adif, Adif, retrieved 25 June 2010. (Spanish)
- 4. http://www.ADIF.es/en_US/conocerADIF/doc/CA_MS_05_10_Resumen-en.pdf Executive Summary page 22/23
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