Adil Çarçani

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Adil Çarçani
Adil Çarçani.jpg
3rd Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Socialist People's Republic of Albania
In office
December 18, 1981 – February 22, 1991
Preceded by Mehmet Shehu
Succeeded by Fatos Nano (as Prime Minister of Albania)
Personal details
Born (1922-05-15)May 15, 1922
Fushë-Bardhë, Albania
Died October 13, 1997(1997-10-13) (aged 75)
Tirana, Albania
Nationality Albanian
Political party Party of Labour of Albania

Adil Çarçani (May 15, 1922 – October 13, 1997) was an Albanian politician in the Communist regime led by Enver Hoxha. He served as the titular head of the Albanian government in the years immediately preceding the fall of the Communist regime.

Biography[edit]

Çarçani was born in Fushë-Bardhë, Gjirokastër District, Albania. During World War II, he fought for Partisan forces against the Italian fascists, and joined the Communist party and the government that it set up after the war. He became mining minister in the 1950s, joined the Politburo of the Party of Labour of Albania in the 1960s, and by 1981 had become First Deputy Prime Minister.[1][2]

On December 18, 1981, immediately after the violent death of Mehmet Shehu, Çarçani became Prime Minister. He remained in that position until the Communist government began to fall in 1991, when he resigned after mobs tore down the statue of Enver Hoxha, Albania's communist leader from the 1940s until the 1980s. Çarçani was, however, elected to parliament that year, and gave the opening speech.

Post-1991[edit]

In 1994 Çarçani was tried, found guilty and sentenced to prison for embezzlement and abuse of power. His sentence was commuted to house arrest, however, as he was beginning to suffer from health problems. He died under house arrest in Tirana.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfgang Saxon, "Adil Carcani, 75, a Leader In Albania's Stalinist Twilight", The New York Times, 20 October 1997.
  2. ^ Adil Çarçani – Mémoires de Guerre
  3. ^ Gabriel Partos, "Obituary: Adil Carcani", The Independent, 17 October 1997.
  4. ^ "Adil Carcani", Encyclopædia Britannica.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mehmet Shehu
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Albania
1981–1991
Succeeded by
Fatos Nano