Adilabad district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Adilabad.
Adilabad District
ఆదిలాబాద్ జిల్లా
عدلآباد ذلّ

Edulabad District
District of Telangana
Adilabad District Montage Clockwise from Top Left: Basar Saraswati Temple View, Kuntala waterfalls, Bridge on River Godavari at Basar, Farming at Nirmal
Adilabad District Montage
Clockwise from Top Left: Basar Saraswati Temple View, Kuntala waterfalls, Bridge on River Godavari at Basar, Farming at Nirmal
Location in Telangana, India
Location in Telangana, India
Country India
State Telangana
Government
 • Collector Jagan Mohan
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 27,37,738
 • Density 170/km2 (400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu and Urdu[2]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TS-01[3]
Website Adilabad District
Telangana Districts Map

Adilabad District is a district in Telangana, India. As of 2011 Census of India, the total population of the district was 2,737,738.[1] Major cities and towns in the district are Adilabad, Mancherial, Nirmal, Bellampally, Kagaznagar, etc.,

History[edit]

Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region. Previously it was also ruled by North Indian dynasties like the Mauryas and the Mughals and South Indian dynasties like the Satavahanas and the Chalukyas.

The dense forests and river Godavari basin of Adilabad district[4] flourished as pre-historic settlements related to Stone Age, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures. Explorations and excavations at the surrounding areas of Luxettipet, Asifabad, Boath, Bhainsa and Nirmal yielded pre- and proto-historic remnants.[5]

Buddhism & Jainism

Badankurti[6] village in Khanapur mandal of Adilabad district was explored and remnants of a Buddhist monastery were found on a small island of Godavari river near Badankurthi. The town of Bhainsa, probably related to early Buddhist times, as a pair of carved feet near a mound[7] were found.

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[8]

Geography[edit]

Adilabad district occupies an area of 16,128 square kilometres (6,227 sq mi),[9] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Bathurst Island.[10]

It is the second largest district in the Telangana state, including the inhabited and 167 uninhabited village and 11 towns. Forest in the district covers 44.8 percent of the total area, whereas its famous trees, teak covers 58.49 percent of the whole forest. The district has population of 2,741,239 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. River Godavari flows through Adilabad district and separates Nizambad and Karimnagar districts from Adilabad district.the sirpur town is one of the village for penganga river and paper mill.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Adilabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[11] It is one of the districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[11]

Handicrafts and artisans[edit]

Nirmal wooden Toys

Toy making crafts Dhokra casting crafts are very popular in Adilabad District.

Nirmal for toy making & Ushagaon, Jamgaon & Keslaguda village of Jainoor & Kerameri mandal for Dhokra casting, as provided a natural location for the world famoys toys & Dhokra casting.

The artisans at Nirmal produce crafts reflecting the local life and environment.

Dhokra casting artisans have lived in this district for 100 years, and produce tribal ornaments and zoomporphic figures.

The stimulate the growth of toys of Nirmal and Dhokra casting at Jamgaon & Ushagaon villages of Jainoor mandal.

The artisans was organised on co-operative lines with a view to make it

  1. serve as an instalment for generating employment
  2. to offer the public variety of artistic products
  3. extend financial assistance and various common facilities and other benefits to promote production and marketing of products.

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1029 households in 37 villages across the district.[12] They found that 85.3% had access to electricity, 88% had drinking water, 25.3% toilet facilities, and 10.4% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[12] 29.1% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[13] and 86.8% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[12]

Administrative divisions - mandals[edit]

There are 52 mandals in Adilabad District:[14]

Electoral divisions[edit]

The main section for this topic is on the page Adilabad (Lok Sabha constituency), in the section Members of Parliament.

Adilabad is one of the seventeen Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian state of Telangana and consists of ten Legislative Assembly segments.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Adilabad district has a population of 2,737,738,[15] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[16] or the US state of Nevada.[17] This gives it a ranking of 143rd in India (out of a total of 640).[15] The district has a population density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre (440/sq mi) .[15] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.18%.[15] Adilabad has a sex ratio of 1003 females for every 1000 males,[15] and a literacy rate of 61.55%.[15]

Languages[edit]

Adilabad town has a cosmopolitan character. People in Adilabad district speak Telugu,which is the largest spoken or majority language while Urdu is spoken by the minority Muslims.[2] The other languages spoken are Marathi as Maharashtra state is neighborhood to Adilabad, Lambadi and Gondi languages in some parts of the district due to existence of Tribal people in the District. It is one of the richest districts of Telangana containing 20% of state's wealth. About 75% of the district is covered with thick tropical moist deciduous forests, the second largest district in terms of forest coverage, next to Khammam.

Religions in Adilabad
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
69%
Muslim
  
24.5%
Christian
  
5.5%
Others
  
1.0%

Culture[edit]

Different cultures are followed in Adilabad. Adilabad has many Temples, Mosques and churches.

Temples[edit]

There are Many famous and historical Temples in Adilabad District. Gnana Saraswati Temple (Telugu: శ్రీ జ్ఞాన సరస్వతి దేవస్థానము) is a Hindu temple of Goddess Saraswati located on the banks of Godavari River at Basar, Telangana, India.[18] It is one of the two famous Saraswati temples in India, the other being in Jammu & Kashmir. Saraswati is the Hindu Goddess of knowledge and learning. Children are brought to the temple for the learning ceremony called as Akshara abyasam.

Mosques[edit]

There many mosques in Adilabad district. The historic Jama Masjid near Badi market stands for its hundreds of years of history, while the minar of Madina Masjid at Netaji chowk is famous for its beauty, this minar is decorated with colorful lights in every month of Ramzan. The Gulzar Masjid of Masood chowk is convenient for largely surrounded area. Chanda T dargah is a famous place

Churches[edit]

The Convent Church at collector chowk, Ravindra Nagar churches are in Adilabad district.

Tourism[edit]

A bridge on river Godavari at Basar

Adilabad has a number of tourism spots which include Kuntala Waterfalls, Pochera Waterfalls, Nirmal Forts, Nirmal Wooden Toys and Paintings, Ruyadi piris, Mathadivagu project in the district as part of a new plan for tourism promotion. Rope sliding at the Pochera waterfall would be introduced initially after the expert advice and stability certificates are procured.

Pochera waterfall, situated about 6 km. from the National Highway 7 in Neredigonda mandal would be developed at a cost of Rs. 12 Lakhs. Currently an open shelter, steps to the waterfall have been constructed near the waterfall. The introduction of adventure sports would further attract tourists, which is plan.

Kuntala waterfalla, first stream

Kuntala waterfall is situated about 12 km. away from the National Highway 7 from Neredigonda mandal headquarters. At Kuntala, an open type of guesthouse, toilets, drinking water facility, steps leading to the fall are planned. Besides, an observation point would be constructed with the help of the local Vana Samrakshana Samiti, which would facilitate wildlife watching for enthusiasts. The Tourism Department will construct a motel on a two-acre plot, at one of the three places earmarked for the purpose.

The suitable places were near Seetagondi mandal headquarters village, about 12 km from Adilabad town on the National Highway 7, near Gudihatnoor mandal headquarters village, about 19 km from here, and near the Mahila Pranganam near Nirmal town. The most suitable place was Seetagondi considering the abutting dense forest.

Other attractions include

  • Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sivaram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Pranahitha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • SRSP Project Dam
  • Kadem Dam
  • Sathnala Dam
  • Penganga Reservoir

Famous persons[edit]

Famous Aryabhatta is believed to wander in this region. Adilabad was erlier part of Ashmaka Mahajanapada.

Flora and fauna[edit]

  • The Pranahita wild life sanctuary,
  • Sivaram wild life sanctuary and
  • Kawal wild life sanctuary attracts tourists throughout year.
  • Tiger, wild bore, bear, deer, nilgai, bison, monkey, long tailed monkey are some of the wild animals inhibited in the district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Adilabad district profile". Telangana State Portal. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Ifthekhar, J.S. (1 October 2014). "Urdu as second official language of Khammam". The Hindu (Hyderabad). Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Indian Archaeology Journal 1974-75". ASI. 
  5. ^ "State Archaeology of Andhra Pradesh". State Archaeology and Museums of Andhra Pradesh. 
  6. ^ "Article about Buddhist Site at Badankurti". The Hindu. 
  7. ^ "A.P. ANCIENT MONUMENTS AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES AND REMAINS ACT". aparchaeologymuseum. 
  8. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  9. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  10. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Bathurst Island 16042km2" 
  11. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  13. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females." 
  14. ^ "Adilabad District Mandals". Adilabad District. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  16. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011- Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  17. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nevada 2,700,551" 
  18. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/17898376.cms

External links[edit]