Adirondack train #69 at Saratoga Springs station.
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|First service||August 5, 1974|
132,000 total (FY12)
|Distance travelled||381 miles (613 km)|
|Average journey time||11 hours|
|Train number(s)||68, 69|
|Catering facilities||Cafe/Lounge car|
|Rolling stock||Amfleet coaches|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Track owner(s)||MNCR, CSXT, CP/D&H, and CN|
The Adirondack is a passenger train operated daily by Amtrak between New York City and Montreal. The trip takes approximately 11 hours to cover a published distance of 381 miles (613 km), traveling through the scenic Hudson Valley and the Adirondack Mountains. The Adirondack operates as train 68 towards New York, and as 69 from New York to Montreal.
The Adirondack service is financed by the New York State Department of Transportation. The Adirondack service suffers from numerous delays along the route because almost none of the trackage is owned by Amtrak, and also because the route crosses an international boundary. The on-time performance of the route averaged 62.7% for the year ending February 2009. According to Amtrak, 47.4% of the train delay was due to track- and signal-related problems, especially along the Delaware & Hudson (CP Rail) segment.
At the inception of Amtrak in 1971 the Delaware & Hudson operated two trains between Albany, New York and Montreal: the Montreal Limited (overnight) and the Laurentian (day). Both trains were discontinued, and for three years the D&H line saw no service. The Adirondack began running on August 5, 1974, from Grand Central Terminal in New York to Albany, then over the D&H's line to Windsor Station in Montreal. From the outset the train operated with financial support from the state of New York.
- CN Saint-Hyacinthe Subdivision, Montreal to Saint-Lambert
- CN Rouses Point Subdivision, Saint-Lambert to Rouses Point
- CP Canadian Subdivision, Rouses Point to Schenectady
- CSX Hudson Subdivision, Schenectady to Poughkeepsie
- Metro-North Hudson Line, Poughkeepsie to Spuyten Duyvil
- Amtrak Empire Connection, Spuyten Duyvil to Penn Station
Note: From 1974 to 1986, the Adirondack used CP Rail's Windsor Station. Until the Empire Connection was built in 1991, the train serviced Grand Central Terminal instead of Penn Station in New York City.
The Adirondack debuted in 1974 with D&H equipment, much of it ex-Laurentian, as Amtrak was experiencing equipment shortages. These were supplemented by a pair of "Skyline" dome cars leased from the Canadian Pacific Railway. Four D&H ALCO PA diesel locomotives hauled the train. On March 1, 1977, new Turboliner gas turbine trainsets took over from the D&H cars. Conventional Amtrak equipment would eventually displace the Turboliners.
- 1 P42DC/P32AC-DM locomotive. The P32AC-DM operates between New York and Albany; the P42DC handles the remainder.
- 1 Amfleet I cafe car
- 2 Amfleet I coach cars
- 2 Amfleet II coach cars
- 1 Full-length Dome car. (Autumn only) (Albany to Montreal Only. Dome cannot fit into New York Penn Station due to tunnel height restrictions.)
Proposed high-speed line
There is a proposal for a Montreal—New York City high-speed train. On October 6, 2005, the Albany Times-Union reported that New York Governor George Pataki and Quebec Premier Jean Charest "called for the creation of high-speed rail service between Montreal and New York City as a way to boost the regional economy during the third Quebec-New York Economic Summit [on October 4]". Little progress seems to have been made since then, and the Federal Railroad Administration has instead preferred a link between Montreal and Boston, despite the fact that independent ridership analyses have suggested that the New York state route would be much more promising.
In popular culture
In Friends (Season 4) of the TV sitcom Friends in the episode The one with the girl from Poughkeepsie, one of the main characters Ross Geller falls asleep on the train, ending up in Montreal when travelling to Poughkeepsie to visit a girlfriend.
- "Amtrak Sets New Ridership Record" (PDF). Amtrak. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- "ADIRONDACK". TrainWeb. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- Amtrak Route on-time performance for Adirondack service
- "Montreal Train Run Commences Today". Schenectady Gazette. August 5, 1974. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- Amtrak (August 5, 2014). "Celebrating 40 Years of the Adirondack". Retrieved 2014-08-05.
- Yonah Freemark (2009-08-03). "Connecting Montréal to the American Rail Network". The Transport Politic. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
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