|Sub-region||West Nile sub-region|
|Population (2011 Estimate)|
Adjumani is located approximately 125 kilometres (78 mi), by road, northeast of Arua, the largest city in the sub-region.  This location lies approximately 440 kilometres (270 mi), north of Kampala, the capital of Uganda and the largest city in that country. The coordinates of the town are:03 23 04N, 31 46 55E (Latitude:3.3845; Longitude:31.7820).
The 2002 national population census estimated the population of Adjumani at about 19,900. In 2008, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS), estimated the population of the town at 28,700. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population of Adjumani at 34,700.
The landmarks in the town or near the town limits of Adjumani include:
- The headquarters of Adjumani District
- The offices of Adjumani Town Council
- Adjumani Hospital - A 100 bed public hospital administered by the Uganda Ministry of Health
- A branch of Stanbic Bank
- A branch of Equity Bank
- Adjumani Airport - ICAO:HUAJ - Unpaved runway, 1,131 metres (3,711 ft) long, 20 metres (66 ft) wide.