An adjutant general is a military chief administrative officer.
In Revolutionary France, the adjudant-général was a senior staff officer, effectively an assistant to a general officer. It was a special position for lieutenant-colonels and colonels in staff service. Starting in 1795, only colonels could be appointed to the position. It was supplemented by the rank of adjudant-commandant in 1800. In 1803 the position was abolished and adjudants-généraux reverted to the rank of colonel.
In the United Kingdom, the Adjutant-General to the Forces commonly just referred to as the Adjutant-General (AG), is one of the most senior officers in the British Army. He is responsible for developing the Army's personnel policies and supporting its people.
In the United States, there are three definitions for this term:
- The chief administrative officer of the United States Army, who is subordinated to the Army Chief of Staff, and works directly for the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, or ACS, G-1 (formerly known as the Deputy Chief of Personnel, or DCSPER). Formerly a Major General position, it is now a Brigadier General billet (as of 2009). This officer is head of the Adjutant General's Corps, and is responsible for the procedures affecting awards and decorations, as well as casualty operations, and for the administration and preservation of records of all army personnel. See List of Adjutants General of the U.S. Army. As of January 2015, the post is held by Brigadier General David K. “Mac” MacEwen.
- The chief administrative officer of a major military unit, such as a division, corps, or army. This officer is normally subordinated to the unit chief of staff, and is known as the G-1.
- The senior military officer of a state's, commonwealth's or territory's military forces, including the National Guard (Army National Guard and Air National Guard), the naval militia, and any state defense forces. This officer is known as the "AG" or the "TAG" and reports to the state's chief executive when the National Guard is not in a "federalized" status under Title 10 USC.
- "Paul Thiébault and the Development of the French Staff system from Ancien Régime to the Revolution". Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Mikaberidze, Alexander (2005). Russian Officer Corps of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Spellmount. p. lxv. ISBN 978-1862272699.
- Army Headquarters Bharat Rakshak
- Lal Masjid probe: Adjutant General of Pakistan Army, Judge Advocate General made respondents Pakistan Today, 24 December 2012
- Army conducts Top Level Organisational Review Defence News, 9 December 2009
- "The Adjutant General of the U.S. Army". United States Army Human Resources Command. United States Army. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "Army National Guard: Modern and Ready Operational Force in the Homeland and Abroad | National Guard Association of the United States". Retrieved 2013-02-24.
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- "History of the US Army Adjutant General's Corps, 1775 - 1891" in The Army of the United States Historical Sketches of the Staff and Line with Portraits of General-In-Chief (1896) (Reproduced by the United States Army Center of Military History)
- A current listing of The Adjutants General for each state, territory, and the District of Columbia within the United States.