Adler (automobile)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hood ornament Adler Standard 6

Adler was a German automobile and motorcycle manufacturer from 1900 until 1957. Adler is German for eagle.

Adler Standard 6, the model Clärenore Stinnes drove on her journey around the world

History[edit]

The Adler factory produced bicycles, typewriters, and motorcycles in addition to cars. Before World War I, the company used De Dion two- and four-cylinder engines in cars that ranged from 1032 cc to 9081 cc; beginning in 1902 (the year Edmund Rumpler became technical director),[1] they used their own engines as well. These cars, driven by Erwin Kleyer and Otto Kleyer (sons of the company founder Heinrich Kleyer) and by Alfred Theves won many sporting events. In the 1920s, Karl Irion raced many Adlers; popular models of the period included the 2298 cc, 1550 cc, and 4700 cc four-cylinders and the 2580 cc six-cylinders. A few of the Standard models, built between 1927 and 1934, featured Gropius designed coachwork. The Adler Standard 6, which entered volume production in 1927, had a 2540 cc or 2916 cc six-cylinder engine, while the Adler Standard 8 which appeared a year later use a 3887 cc eight-cylinder engine. The Standard 6, first seen in public at the Berlin Motor Show in October 1926 was the first European car to use hydraulic brakes, when it was fitted with an ATE-Lockheed system. 1927 to 1929 Clärenore Stinnes was the first to circumnavigate the world by car, in an Adler Standard 6.[2]

In December 1930, Adler assigned the German engineer Josef Ganz, who was also editor-in-chief of Motor-Kritik magazine, as a consultant engineer. In the first months of 1931, Ganz constructed a lightweight Volkswagen prototype at Adler with a tubular chassis, a mid-mounted engine, and independent wheel suspension with swing-axles at the rear. After completion in May 1931, Ganz nicknamed his new prototype Maikäfer (May Beetle). After a shift in management at Adler, further development of the Maikäfer was stopped as the company's new technical director Hans Gustav Röhr concentrated on front-wheel driven cars.

In the 1930s, the company introduced front-wheel drive Trumpf and Trumpf-Junior models, ranging from 995 cc to 1645 cc four-cylinder sv engines. These gained many successes in races, including in the Le Mans race. The 1943 cc Favorit, the 2916 cc six-cylinder Diplomat (featuring 65 hp (48 kW) at 3800 rpm, and the 1910 cc four-cylinder and 2494 cc six-cylinder models (with Ambi-Budd and Karmann bodywork) were all rear-driven; these were built until World War II. The last new car introduced by Adler was the 2.5 Liter of 1937; it had a six-cylinder engine producing 58 hp (43 kW). Thanks to a streamlined body designed by Paul Jaray, this car could run at 125 km/h (78 mph).

After World War II, a decision was made to not resume automobile construction. Motorcycle production resumed in 1949 and continued for 8 years, leading to the production of the MB 250S. As part of the Allies war reparations, Adler motorcycle designs had been taken by BSA in Britain and later used by the British company Ariel to produce their 'Arrow' and 'Leader' models. Increasingly, Adler focused on the manufacture of office equipment. The company associated with Triumph to form Triumpf-Adler, and was taken over by Grundig in 1957, then later by Olivetti.

Car models[edit]

Typ Construction Time Cylinders Capacity Power Top speed
Vis-à-Vis 1900–1903 1 400 cc 2,6 kW (3,5 PS) 30 km/h (19 mph)
45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) 1900–1903 1 510 cc 3,3 kW (4,5 PS) 35 km/h (22 mph)
8 PS (6 kW; 8 hp) 1901–1903 1 865 cc 5,9 kW (8 PS) 40 km/h (25 mph)
24/28 PS 1904–1905 4 inline 4,016 cc 20,6 kW (28 PS) 65 km/h (40 mph)
8/12 (8/14) PS 1904–1906 2 inline 2,008 cc 8,8–10,3 kW (12–14 PS) 50 km/h (31 mph)
4/8 PS 1906–1907 2 V 1,032 cc 5,9 kW (8 PS) 55 km/h (34 mph)
5/9 PS 1907–1909 2 inline 1,134 cc 6,6 kW (9 PS) 60 km/h (37 mph)
8/15 PS 1907–1910 4 inline 2,011 cc 11 kW (15 PS) 55 km/h (34 mph)
11/18 PS 1907–1910 4 inline 2,799 cc 13,2 kW (18 PS) 55 km/h (34 mph)
23/50 PS 1909–1912 4 inline 5,800 cc 42,6 kW (58 PS)
19/45 PS 1909–1912 4 inline 4,840 cc 35 kW (48 PS)
13/30 PS 1909–1912 4 inline 3,180 cc 25,7 kW (35 PS)
10/28 PS 1909–1912 4 inline 2,612 cc 22 kW (30 PS)
K 7/15 PS 1910–1913 4 inline 1,768 cc 11 kW (15 PS) 60 km/h (37 mph)
30/70 PS 1911–1914 4 inline 7,853 cc 51 kW (70 PS) 115 km/h (71 mph)
35/80 PS 1911–1914 4 inline 9,081 cc 62,5 kW (85 PS)
K 5/13 PS 1911–1920 4 inline 1,292 cc 9,6–10,3 kW (13–14 PS) 55 km/h (34 mph)
20/50 PS 1912–1914 4 inline 5,229 cc 40 kW (55 PS) 105 km/h (65 mph)
15/40 PS 1913–1914 4 inline 3,866 cc 33 kW (45 PS) 90 km/h (56 mph)
9/24 PS 1913–1914 4 inline 2,313 cc 17,6 kW (24 PS) 70 km/h (43 mph)
25/55 PS 1913–1914 4 inline 6,457 cc 44 kW (60 PS)
KL 6/16 PS 1913–1920 4 inline 1,551 cc 11,8 kW (16 PS) 60 km/h (37 mph)
12/30 PS 1914 4 inline 3,115 cc 25,7 kW (35 PS)
9/24 (9/30) PS 1921–1924 4 inline 2,298 cc 17,6–22 kW (24–30 PS) 65 km/h (40 mph)–75 km/h (47 mph)
12/34 (12/40) PS 1921–1924 4 inline 3,115 cc 25–29 kW (34–40 PS) 85 km/h (53 mph)
18/60 PS 1921–1924 4 inline 4,712 cc 44 kW (60 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)
6/22 PS 1922–1923 4 inline 1,550 cc 16 kW (22 PS) 75 km/h (47 mph)
10/50 PS 1925–1927 6 inline 2,580 cc 37 kW (50 PS) 90 km/h (56 mph)
18/80 PS 1925–1927 6 inline 4,704 cc 59 kW (80 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)
6/25 PS 1925–1928 4 inline 1,550 cc 18 kW (25 PS) 80 km/h (50 mph)
Standard 6 1927–1928 6 inline 2,540 cc 33 kW (45 PS) 85 km/h (53 mph)–90 km/h (56 mph)
Standard 8 1928–1933 8 inline 3,887 cc 51–59 kW (70–80 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)–105 km/h (65 mph)
Standard 6 A/S 1928–1934 6 inline 2,916 cc 37 kW (50 PS) 85 km/h (53 mph)–90 km/h (56 mph)
Favorit 1929–1933 4 inline 1,943 cc 25,7 kW (35 PS) 80 km/h (50 mph)
Primus 1,5 A 1932–1934 4 inline 1,504 cc 23,5–24,2 kW (32–33 PS) 90 km/h (56 mph)
Trumpf 1,5 AV 1932–1934 4 inline 1,504 cc 23,5–24,2 kW (32–33 PS) 95 km/h (59 mph)
Favorit 2U 1933–1934 4 inline 1,943 cc 29 kW (40 PS) 90 km/h (56 mph)
Standard 6 3U 1933–1934 6 inline 2,916 cc 44 kW (60 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)
Achtzylinder 1933–1934 8 inline 3,887 cc 59 kW (80 PS) 105 km/h (65 mph)
Trumpf Sport 1933–1935 4 inline 1,645 cc 34,5 kW (47 PS) 115 km/h (71 mph)
Primus 1,7 A 1933–1936 4 inline 1,645 cc 28 kW (38 PS) 95 km/h (59 mph)
Trumpf 1,7 AV 1933–1936 4 inline 1,645 cc 28 kW (38 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)
Diplomat 1934–1938 6 inline 2,916 cc 44–48 kW (60–65 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)–105 km/h (65 mph)
Trumpf Junior 1G/E 1934–1941 4 inline 995 cc 18,4 kW (25 PS) 90 km/h (56 mph)
Trumpf Junior Sport 1935–1937 4 inline 995 cc 20,6 kW (28 PS) 110 km/h (68 mph)
Trumpf 1,7 EV 1936–1938 4 inline 1,645 cc 28 kW (38 PS) 102 km/h (63 mph)
Primus 1,7 E 1937–1938 4 inline 1,645 cc 28 kW (38 PS) 100 km/h (62 mph)
Adler 2.5-litre 1937–1940 6 inline 2,494 cc 42,6 kW (58 PS) 125 km/h (78 mph)
Adler 2.5-litre Sport 1938–1939 6 inline 2,494 cc 59 kW (80 PS) 150 km/h (93 mph)
2 Liter 1938–1940 4 inline 1,910 cc 33 kW (45 PS) 110 km/h (68 mph)

Galleries[edit]

Adler automobiles[edit]

Adler motorcycles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lyons, Pete. "10 Best Ahead-of-Their-Time Machines", in Car and Driver, 1/88, p.73.
  2. ^ Michael Winter, Pferdestärken. Die Lebensliebe der Clärenore Stinnes, 2001 ISBN 3-499-23536-6

External links[edit]