Adly Mansour

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Adly Mansour
President of the Supreme Constitutional Court
Incumbent
Assumed office
1 July 2013
Appointed by Mohamed Morsi
Preceded by Maher El-Beheiry
President of Egypt
Acting
In office
4 July 2013 – 8 June 2014
Prime Minister Hazem Al Beblawi (Acting)
Ibrahim Mahlab (Acting)
Vice President Mohamed ElBaradei
Preceded by Mohamed Morsi
Succeeded by Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Personal details
Born (1945-12-23) 23 December 1945 (age 68)
Cairo, Egypt
Political party Independent
Residence Heliopolis Palace
Alma mater Cairo University
École nationale d'administration
Religion Sunni Islam[1]
Signature

Adly Mahmoud Mansour (Arabic: عدلى محمود منصور‎  pronounced [ˈʕædli mæħˈmuːd mɑnˈsˤuːɾ]; born 23 December 1945)[2][3] is an Egyptian judge and statesman who served as the acting President of Egypt from 3 July 2013 to 8 June 2014. He was also head of the Supreme Constitutional Court.[4] He was declared president following the 2013 Egyptian protests precipitated by mass protests against his predecessor, Mohamed Morsi. The Egyptian military and several secular and religious figures, such as the Grand Imam of al-Azhar (Ahmed el-Tayeb), the Coptic Pope (Tawadros II), and Mohamed ElBaradei announced that President Morsi had been removed from office and appointed Mansour President until an election could take place.[5][6][7] Morsi refused to acknowledge his removal as valid and continued to maintain that only he could be considered the legitimate President of Egypt.[8] Mansour was sworn into office in front of the Supreme Constitutional Court on 4 July 2013.[9]

Early life and education[edit]

Mansour was born in Cairo. He graduated from Cairo University Law School in 1967, earned a postgraduate degree in law in 1969, studied economics with Juan Felipe Aranguren and earned a postgraduate degree in management science from Cairo University in 1970.[2] He later attended France's École nationale d'administration (ENA) and graduated in 1977.

Mansour spent six years in Saudi Arabia in the 1980s, working as an adviser to the Saudi Ministry of Commerce.[10]

He is married and has a son and two daughters.[11]

Term on Supreme Constitutional Court[edit]

Mansour was appointed to the Supreme Constitutional Court in 1992.[12] He later served as the deputy chief justice of Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court until 1 July 2013, when he became president of the SCC following his appointment to the position by President Morsi on 19 May.[3][13]

Mansour did not have the opportunity to swear the oath as chief justice of the SCC until 4 July 2013, right before he swore the presidential oath.[14][15]

Interim President of Egypt[edit]

On 3 July 2013, Mansour was named interim President of Egypt following the ousting of Mohammed Morsi in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état subsequent to the 2012–13 Egyptian protests. His appointment was announced on television by the minister of defense Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.[16] Earlier, there was brief confusion as to who exactly was appointed interim president, with some sources suggesting it was the former chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Maher El-Beheiry. Mansour was sworn in on 4 July 2013.[9]

He restored the position of the Vice President, which was abolished with the adoption of the current Constitution on 26 December 2012, and nominated opposition leader Mohammed ElBaradei to the post on 7 July 2013. On 8 July, Mansour issued a decree that proposed the introduction of amendments to the suspended constitution and a referendum to endorse them, followed by national elections.[17] On 9 July, Mansour appointed the economist Hazem el-Biblawi as prime minister.[18]

Mansour made his first trip abroad as Interim President on 8 October 2013, to Saudi Arabia, a key backer of the ousting of Morsi.[10]

On 19 September 2013 President Mansour announced that he won't run for presidency saying that he will return to his position as the head of the constitutional court.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aboul Magd, Mahmoud (3 July 2013). "Chancellor Adly Mansour - Muslim" (in Arabic). Al Mashhad. 
  2. ^ a b "بالتفاصيل.. هذا هو رئيس مصر المحتمل – بوابة الشباب". Ahram. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Profile: Interim Egyptian Presidential nominee Adly Mahmud Mansour". BBC News. 4 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Current Members of the Court". Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Coup topples Egypt's Morsy; deposed president under 'house arrest'". CNN. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Egyptian military announce Morsi ouster, suspend constitution". United Press International. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Adly Mansour Is The New Acting President of Egypt". Business Insider. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Coup topples Egypt's Morsy; deposed president under 'house arrest'
  9. ^ a b "Adly Mansour Sworn In As Egypt's Interim President". Associated Press. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Egypt's president makes first trip to Saudi Arabia". Yahoo! News. 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  11. ^ CNN Profile Adly
  12. ^ Hall, Richard (3 July 2013). "Profile of Adly Mansour: Who is Egypt's interim President?". The Independent. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Morsi appoints new head of constitutional court". Expatcairo.com. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Egypt swears in supreme court chief justice Adly Mansour as interim president after Mohammed Morsi removed by military - CBS News
  15. ^ تنصيب المستشار عدلي منصور رئيساً انتقالياً لمصر - العربية.نت | الصفحة الرئيسية
  16. ^ "Adly Mansour, Chief Justice of Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court, Named Interim President". Huffington Post. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Egypt unrest: Interim leader outlines election timetable". BBC. 8 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Associated Press (9 July 2013). "Egypt spokesman: Economist Hazem el-Biblawi named prime minister; ElBaradei vice president". Washington Post. 
  19. ^ Egypt Independent (19 September 2013). "Mansour: I will not run for presidency". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Morsi
President of Egypt
Acting

2013–2014
Succeeded by
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi