Administration system for the state information system RIHA
The Administration system for the state information system (RIHA) (Estonian: Riigi infosüsteemi haldussüsteem – RIHA) of Estonia consists of the information system and the principles for the administration of the state information system.
From a legal point of view, RIHA is a set of principles as well as a major state register. It is regulated by the Public Information Act and a special regulation. The law defines the duties of all parties. The use of RIHA is mandatory for state agencies. Technically, RIHA is a secure web-based database and software application.
RIHA is the catalogue of Estonian public sector information systems. It serves as the national registry of systems, components, services, data models and semantic assets. It facilitates information system planning and operational activities.
The objective of RIHA is to guarantee the transparency of administration of the state information system and planning for information management, and to support the interoperability of databases of the state, local governments and private persons performing public duties.
The principles of RIHA are:
- Principle of legality: data shall be processed in a database belonging to the state information system in the course of performance of public duties, for the purpose of performance of obligations prescribed by an Act, legislation issued on the basis thereof, or an international agreement.
- Principle of unity: the databases belonging to the state information system must be compatible with each other and be capable of interoperability, exchange of data and verification of data.
- Principle of use of basic data: data shall be gathered from sources which are as authentic as possible and shall be consolidated in a database which, in respect of that data, shall be a common source for all the databases belonging to the state information system in the performance of their functions imposed by law.
- Principle of traceability: all inquiries made to a database and responses provided to the users shall be stored (in the case of information systems interfaced to the data exchange layer of the information systems, in the security logs of secure servers). It shall be possible to establish and restore data in a database and the fact of processing thereof.
- Principle of use of up-to-date information technology: the possibilities offered by up-to-date information technology shall be exploited to the maximum extent in the administration of databases belonging to the state information system. Data shall be processed digitally.
- Service-centred approach to exchange of data: exchange of data (cross-usage) between different databases and processors shall be carried out based on data services.[clarification needed (see talk page)]
- Principle of technical and organisational optimality: a database is established and changed[clarification needed (see talk page)] taking account of the principles for administration of the state information system and based on the good practice and the interoperability frameworks for state information technology established by the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications.
- Government of the Republic Regulation No. 58 of 28 February 2008 (Estonian)
- Public Information Act (Estonian)