Subdivisions of Abkhazia
In Soviet times, the Abkhazian ASSR was divided into 6 raions (districts) named after their respective capitals.
The administrative divisions of the disputed Republic of Abkhazia have stayed the same, with one exception: in 1995 the Tquarchal District was created around the town of Tkvarcheli from parts of the Ochamchira and Gali raions.
The Georgian government, which claims Abkhazia as an Autonomous region but lacks control, has not changed the Soviet divisions.
Districts of Abkhazia
Towns of Abkhazia
Urban settlements of Abkhazia
Historic regions of Abkhazia
Abkhazia has traditionally been divided into several historical regions (they roughly correspond to modern districts that are given in parentheses):
- Sadzen (Gagra district and Sochi region which is now in Russia)
- Bzyb (Gudauta district)
- Gumaa (Sukhumi district)
- Abzhywa (Ochamchira and partly Tkvarcheli districts)
- Samurzakan (Gali and partly Tkvarcheli district)
- Dal-Tsabal (Gulripsh district)
These are the regions mentioned in the Abkhazian Constitution of 1994. According to the popular (but erroneous) belief the seven stripes of the Abkhazian flag correspond to the seven historical regions of the country, the seventh one being Pskhu-Aibga.
- Lenta.ru, Абхазский курорт Пицунда превратился в город (Abkhazian resort Pitsunda became a city), 10.02.2007
- Археогия и этнография Абхазии, http://kolhida.ru
- Constitution_of_Abkhazia (English)
- President of Abkhazia official site, Конституция Республики Абхазия (Russian)
- Аргун Ю.Г. (Argun Yu. G.), О Государственном флаге (On the state flag (XLVIII итоговая научная сессия (11-13 мая). тезисы докладов. - Сухум: АбИГИ, 2004, с. 3-4)
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