Administrative divisions of Czechoslovakia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article deals with historic administrative divisions of Czechoslovakia up to 1992, when the country was split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and the divisions were changed.

For the current divisions of those two countries, see their main articles and the articles Regions of Slovakia and Regions of the Czech Republic.

Latest division (1960-1992)[edit]

The country consisted of 10 Regions ('kraje'), Prague, and (since 1970) Bratislava; further divided in 109–114 districts ('okresy').

The kraje were abolished temporarily in Slovakia in 1969–1970 and since late 1990 in whole Czechoslovakia. In addition, the two republics Czech Socialist Republic and Slovak Socialist Republic were established in 1969 (without the word Socialist since 1990).

Since many regions changed significantly after the split in 1993, here is list of their original names and current regions they approximately correspond to:

Czech (Socialist) Republic[edit]

(the names are in Czech)

Slovak (Socialist) Republic[edit]

(the names are in Slovak)

History[edit]

  • 1918–1923: different systems on former Austrian territory (Bohemia, Moravia, small part of Silesia) and on former Hungarian territory (Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia): 3 lands ('země') (also called district units ('obvody')) Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia + 21 counties ('župy') in today's Slovakia + 2? counties in Subcarpathian Ruthenia (today's Zakarpattia Oblast in Ukraine); both lands and counties were divided in districts
  • 1923–1927: like above, except that the above counties were replaced by 6 (grand) counties ('(veľ)župy') in Slovakia and 1 (grand) county in Subcarpathian Ruthenia, and the number and frontiers of districts were changed on these 2 territories
  • 1928–1938: 4 lands (in Czech: 'země' / in Slovak: 'krajiny'): Bohemia, Moravia-Silesia, Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia; divided in districts
  • late 1938–March 1939: like above, but Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia were promoted to "autonomous lands"
  • 1945–1948: like 1928–1938, except that Subcarpathian Ruthenia became part of the Soviet Union in 1945
  • 1949–1960: 19 regions divided in 270 districts
  • 1960–1992: see above