Somalia is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions ( gobollada, singular gobol), which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural [1 ] degmooyin; singular degmo).
de facto basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland (a self-declared but un-recognized sovereign state). In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged just south of Puntland. For these post- [1 ] civil war divisions, see . States and regions of Somalia
Regions and districts [ edit ]
The official regions of
[1 ] 1. Lower Juba, 2. Middle Juba,
8. Middle Shabele,
12. Nugaal, 13. Bari,
17. Woqooyi Galbeed,
Historical divisions [ edit ]
Pre-independence [ edit ]
Italian Somaliland consisted of seven commissariats. [2 ]
Following the 1935–36
Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Somaliland became part of Italian East Africa with Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Eritrea. Italian Somaliland was one of six governorates of the new colony, the Somalia Governorate, and incorporated Somali-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats which were themselves divided into residencies.
Following World War II, the Italian-administered
Trust Territory of Somalia consisted of six districts. [2 ]
British Somaliland protectorate also consisted of six districts. [2 ]
Somalia [ edit ]
Upon independence in 1960, the Somali Republic maintained the 12 districts of the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland that merged to form the new country.
In 1964, a new Northeastern (Burao) Province was established by merging Burao, Erigavo, and Las Anod and a Northwestern (Hargeisa) Province was formed from Berbera, Borama, and Hargeisa districts. [2 ] In 1968, the capital of Basso Giuba was moved from Kismayo to [2 ] Jamame. The 8 provinces at this time were: [2 ]
In 1982, Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into 16 regions.
In June 1984, Awdal was split from Woqooyi Galbeed and Sool was split from Nugaal to form the current 18 regions. [2 ] [2 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]