Admiral Lazarev-class monitor

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AdmiralGreyg1865-1912e.jpg
Admiral Greig at anchor; the crew's laundry is drying on her rigging
Class overview
Builders: Carr and MacPherson, Saint Petersburg
Operators:  Russian Navy
Preceded by: Charodeika class
Succeeded by: Admiral Spiridov class
Built: 1866–1869
Completed: 2
Scrapped: 2
General characteristics (Admiral Lazarev)
Type: Monitor
Displacement: 3,779 tonnes (3,719 long tons)
Length: 77.4 m (254 ft)
Beam: 13.1 m (43 ft)
Draft: 5.4 m (18 ft)
Installed power: 2,000 ihp (1,500 kW)
4 rectangular boilers
Propulsion: 1 shaft, 1 Horizontal direct-action steam engines
Speed: 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)
Complement: 282 officers and crewmen
Armament: Initially:
3 × twin 9-inch (229 mm) Smoothbore guns
After Refit:
3 × single 11-inch (279 mm) guns
Armor: Belt: 4.5 in (114 mm)
Gun turrets: 6.5 in (165 mm)
Conning tower: 5 in (127 mm)

The Admiral Lazarev class was a pair of monitors built for the Imperial Russian Navy in the late 1860s (designated frigates by the navy). Four ships were ordered, but the last two were significantly modified and became the separate Admiral Spiridov class of ships. Admiral Lazarev and Admiral Greig became the first turreted warships in the Russian Navy.[1]

Background[edit]

The early monitors of the Russian Navy had insufficient seafaring capacity and speed. As a result new plans for a faster, more seaworthy ship were made in 1864. The original plan called for building four monitors with that main armament consisting of three gun turrets. They were named after famous Russian admirals: Lazarev, Greig, Spiridov and Chichagov. However the last two ships were significantly redesigned, having only two turrets, but heavier armor, so only Admiral Lazarev and Admiral Greig are considered to be ships of the class.[1]

Design[edit]

The ships were similar in size to earlier Russian ironclads. They had a shorter beam due to the turret, rather than broadside weaponry. A longer draft made the ships more stable at the sea. Due to the heavy weight, the masts of the ships were significantly lighter and smaller than initially planned, but the more powerful 2,000 indicated horsepower (1,500 kW) engine made the ships somewhat faster than earlier monitors, with the top speed of 11 knots (20 km/h).[1]

The ships were protected by a 4.5 in (114 mm) armor belt and turrets by 6.5 in (165 mm) armor. The main armament was three gun turrets, each with two 9-inch (229 mm) guns. Later, the ships had their turrets refitted with 11-inch (279 mm) guns, one gun per turret. With the new guns, the Admiral Lazarevs became among the most powerful ships of the Baltic Fleet.[1]

Ships[edit]

Ship Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
Admiral Lazarev Carr and MacPherson, Saint Petersburg 1865 1869 1871 Sold for scrapping to Germany in 1911, sank on the way in a storm in 1912
Admiral Greig Scrapped

Service History[edit]

Both ships were entered service in 1869, but were not fully completed until 1871. They served as a part of the Baltic Fleet. In 1892, the ships were reclassified as coastal defence and later as training ships. Shortly before the First World War, the ships were scrapped.[1]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Military Ships of Russia ISBN 5-89410-001-1, p. 28

References[edit]

  • Боевые корабли России. (in Russian) [Military Ships of Russia]. Parus. 1996. ISBN 5-89410-001-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert Gardiner, ed. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. 
  • "Russian Monitors and Coast Defense Ships". Warship International (Toledo, OH: Naval Records Club) IX (3): 304–305. 1972. 
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1990). The Imperial Russian Navy. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-912-1.