Adolf IV of Holstein

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Adolf IV
Adolf IV von Schauenburg 01.jpg
Count of Holstein
Reign 1227 - 1238
Predecessor Valdemar II of Denmark
Successor Gerhard I
John
Count of Schauenburg
Reign 1225 - 1238
Predecessor Adolf III
Successor Gerhard I
Spouse Heilwig of Lippe
Issue Mechtild, Queen of Denmark
John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel
Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
Ludolf
House House of Schauenburg
Father Adolf III, Count of Holstein
Mother Adelheid of Querfurt
Born before 1205
Died 8 July 1261(1261-07-08)
the Franciscan Friary in Kiel

Adolf IV (before 1205 – 8 July 1261), was a Count of Schauenburg (1225–1238) and of Holstein (1227–1238), of the House of Schaumburg. Adolf was the eldest son of Adolf III of Schauenburg and Holstein by his second wife, Adelheid of Querfurt.

Life[edit]

Adolf IV in a sarcophagus: an ideal portrait painted about 1450, originally the lower part of a double portrait in the Maria-Magdalenen-Kloster, Kiel. At 2.77 metres long, the figure is greater than life-size

Adolf IV won several victories against the Danes. In 1225 he won the Battle of Mölln against Albert II, Count of Weimar-Orlamünde. On 22 July 1227 with his coalition army Adolf was victorious in the Battle of Bornhöved against King Valdemar II of Denmark with his Danish army and German allies (the Welfs), and thus regained Holstein. In 1235 he founded Kiel and in 1238 Itzehoe. In 1238 he took part in a crusade in Livonia.

In fulfilment of an oath taken during the heat of the Battle of Bornhöved, Adolf withdrew in 1238 to a Franciscan friary and in 1244 was ordained a priest in Rome (his two under-age sons passed into the guardianship of his son-in-law Duke Abel of Schleswig). Also in 1244 he founded Neustadt in Holstein. He died in 1261 in the Franciscan friary in Kiel, which he himself had founded, whereupon Holstein was divided between his sons John (of Holstein-Kiel) and Gerhard (of Holstein-Itzehoe).

Marriage and issue[edit]

He married Heilwig von der Lippe, daughter of Count Hermann II of Lippe and by her had the following children:

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]


Adolf IV of Holstein
Born: before 1205 Died: 8 July 1261
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Valdemar II of Denmark
Count of Holstein
1227–1238
Succeeded by
John I and
Gerhard I
Preceded by
Adolf III
Count of Schauenburg
1225–1238