|Born||Arecibo, Puerto Rico|
|Institutions||Goddard Space Flight Center|
|Alma mater||University of Puerto Rico
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Adolfo Figueroa-Viñas, Ph.D. is the first Puerto Rican astrophysicist at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and is an expert in solar and space plasma physics at the Heliophysics Science Division. As a staff scientist his research interests include studying plasma kinetic physics and magnetohydrodynamics of the solar wind, heliosphere, shock waves, MHD and kinetic simulation of plasma instabilities, and turbulent processes associated with space, solar and astrophysical plasmas.
Viñas was born in Arecibo, Puerto Rico. He studied at the University of Puerto Rico-R.U.M. where he received a B.S. and M.S. in physics in 1970 and 1972, respectively. He later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he received a Ph.D. in physics in 1980. Between 1970 and 1974, he worked as an instructor and assistant professor of physics at the University of Puerto Rico. He joined Goddard Space Flight Center in 1980, where he has held multiple positions. He currently is a staff scientist in the Geospace Physics Laboratory of the Heliophysics Science Division at Goddard. He has served as Adjunct Visiting Physics Professor at the Universidad de Concepcion (Chile), at the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and at the Universidad de Alcalá de Henáres-Madrid (Spain).
Viñas has pioneered methods for the analysis of plasma particle detectors on board spacecraft. He has conceived and developed a technique for the determination of the fluid moments of velocity distribution function in space plasma measurements from particle detectors. This method is currently being tested for implementation on board any satellite CPU processing unit with particle detectors, to reduce the amount of data required to compute the moments on ground with only a small amount of measurements required via telemetry to unpack the physical quantities on ground. Viñas has also pioneer work to resolve the geometrical properties, propagation velocity, and characteristics of shock waves from simple conservation principles. His work has received national and international recognition (known as the Viñas-Scudder Method) because it is the most accurate and robust method for in-situ shock characteristics determination from space plasma measurements. The Viñas-Scudder method have been implemented into an Interactive Data Language (IDL) visualization tool named SDAT (Shock and Discontinuities Analysis Tool) for distribution to the scientific community and investigators interested in shock physics.
Viñas is a staff astrophysicist at the Geospace Physics Laboratory of the Heliophysics Science Division at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Viñas continues actively in research and lecturing at various national and international research centers and universities, He is also a post-doctoral mentor and adviser to many national and international young scientists. He is currently an active member of the American Physical Society (APS), the American Geophysical Union (AGU), and a founding member of the Latin American Association for Space Geophysics (ALAGE).
- Viñas, A F; Gurgiolo, C (2009). "Spherical harmonic analysis of particle velocity distribution function: Comparison of moments and anisotropies using Cluster data". Journal of Geophysical Research (J Geophys Res) 114 (A011050). Bibcode:2009JGRA..11401105V. doi:10.1029/2008JA013633.
- Nieves-Chinchilla, T; Viñas, A F (2008). "Kappa-like distribution functions inside magnetic clouds". Geofísica internacional 47 (3): 245–249. ISSN 0016-7169.
- Nieves-Chinchilla, T; Viñas, A F (2008). "Solar wind electron distribution functions inside magnetic clouds". J Geophys Res 113 (A02105). Bibcode:2008JGRA..11302105N. doi:10.1029/2007JA012703.
- Burlaga, L F; Viñas, A F; Wang, C (2007). "Tsallis distributions of magnetic field strength variations in the heliosphere: 5 to 90 AU". J Geophys Res 112 (A07206). Bibcode:2007JGRA..11207206B. doi:10.1029/2006JA012213.
- Ofman, L; Viñas, A F (2007). "Two-dimensional hybrid model of wave and beam heating of multi-ion solar wind plasma". J Geophys Res 112 (A06104). Bibcode:2007JGRA..11206104O. doi:10.1029/2006JA012187.
- Burlaga, L F; Viñas, A F (2007). "Tsallis distribution functions in the solar wind: Magnetic field and velocity observations". AIP Conference Proceedings 965: 259–266. doi:10.1063/1.2828742.
- Burlaga, L F; Viñas, A F; Ness, N F; Acuña, M H (2006). "Tsallis statistics of the magnetic field in the heliosheath". Astrophys J 644: L83–L86. Bibcode:2006ApJ...644L..83B. doi:10.1086/505577.
- Viñas, A F; Mace, R L; Benson, R F (2005). "Dispersion characteristics for plasma resonances of Maxwellian and Kappa distribution plasmas and their comparisons to the IMAGE/RPI observations". J Geophys Res 110 (A06202). Bibcode:2005JGRA..11006202V. doi:10.1029/2004JA010967.
- Araneda, J A; Viñas, A F; Astudillo, H F (2002). "Proton core temperature effects on the relative drift and anisotropy evolution of the ion beam instability in the fast solar wind". J Geophys Res 107 (1453). Bibcode:2002JGRA..107.1453A. doi:10.1029/2002JA009337.
- Viñas, A F; Wong, H K; Klimas, A J (2000). "Generation of electron suprathermal tails in the upper solar atmosphere: Implications for coronal heating". Astrophys J 528: 509–523. Bibcode:2000ApJ...528..509V. doi:10.1086/308151.
- Viñas, A F; Wong, H K; Klimas, A J (1998). "Generation of electron plasma and ion acoustic waves by long wavelength, field aligned electric field fluctuations". Physics of Space Plasmas: Multiscale Phenomena (MIT Center for Theoretical Geo/Cosmo Plasma Physics) 15: 325.
- Fung, S F; Viñas, A F (1994). "Excitation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves by energetic electrons with a loss cone distribution in a field-aligned potential drop". J Geophys Res 99 (A5): 8671–8686. Bibcode:1994JGR....99.8671F. doi:10.1029/94JA00251. ISSN 0148-0227.
- Miller, J A; Viñas, A F (1993). "Ion acceleration and abundance enhancements by electron beam instabilities in impulsive solar flares". Astrophys J 412 (1): 386–400. Bibcode:1993ApJ...412..386M. doi:10.1086/172928. ISSN 0004-637X.
- Miller, J A; Viñas, A F; Reames, D V (1993). "Heavy ion acceleration and abundance enhancements in impulsive solar flares". Proceedings of 23rd International Cosmic Ray Conference 3: 17.
- Miller, J A; Viñas, A F; Reames, D V (1993). "Selective 3He and Fe acceleration in impulsive solar flares". Proceedings of 23rd International Cosmic Ray Conference 3: 13.
- Viñas, A F (1990). "NASA's space physics theory program: An opportunity for collaboration". Proceedings of the Space Conference of the Americas 2: 54.
- Viñas, A F; Goldstein, M L (1991). "Parametric instabilities of circularly polarized large-amplitude dispersive Alfvén waves: excitation of parallel-propagating electromagnetic daughter waves". J Plasma Phys 46: 107–127. Bibcode:1991JPlPh..46..107V. doi:10.1017/S0022377800015981.
- Viñas, A F; Goldstein, M L (1991). "Parametric instabilities of circularly polarized large-amplitude dispersive Alfvén waves: excitation of obliquely-propagating electromagnetic daughter waves". J Plasma Phys 46: 129–152. Bibcode:1991JPlPh..46..129V. doi:10.1017/S0022377800015993.
- Leubner, M P; Viñas, A F (1986). "Stability analysis of double-peaked proton distribution functions in the solar wind". J Geophys Res 91: 13366–13372. Bibcode:1986JGR....9113366L. doi:10.1029/JA091iA12p13366.
- Viñas, A F; Scudder, J D (1985). "Fast and optimal solution to the 'Rankine-Hugoniot problem'". J Geophys Res 91: 39–58. Bibcode:1986JGR....91...39V. doi:10.1029/JA091iA01p00039.
- Viñas, A F; Madden, T R (1985). "Shear flow-ballooning instability as a possible mechanism for hydromagnetic fluctuations". J Geophys Res 91: 1519–1528. Bibcode:1986JGR....91.1519V. doi:10.1029/JA091iA02p01519.
- Fairfield, D H; Viñas, A F (1984). "The inner edge of the plasma sheet and the diffuse aurora". J Geophys Res 89: 841–854. Bibcode:1984JGR....89..841F. doi:10.1029/JA089iA02p00841.
- Viñas, A F; Goldstein, M L; Acuña, M H (1984). "Spectral analysis of magnetohydrodynamic fluctuations near interplanetary shocks". J Geophys Res 89: 3762–3774. Bibcode:1984JGR....89.3762V. doi:10.1029/JA089iA06p03762.
- List of notable Puerto Ricans
- Puerto Rican scientists and inventors
- University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez people
- List of Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program
- López, Margarita Santori (September 15, 2003). "Colegiales en la NASA". Prensa RUM. Retrieved November 9, 2006.
- Adolfo Figueroa-Viñas profile at NASA.gov