||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2011)|
|United States Ambassador to Afghanistan|
June 27, 1978 – February 14, 1979
|Preceded by||Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||J. Bruce Amstutz (as charge d'affaires)
Robert Finn (as Ambassador, 2002)
August 4, 1920|
Chicago, Illinois, USA
|Died||February 14, 1979
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Adolph "Spike" Dubs (August 4, 1920 – February 14, 1979) was the United States Ambassador to Afghanistan from May 13, 1978 until his death in 1979. He was killed in an exchange of fire after a kidnapping attempt.
Dubs was born in Chicago, Illinois and graduated from Beloit College in 1942 with a degree in political science. He served in the United States Navy during World War II. Later, he completed graduate studies at Georgetown University and foreign service studies at Harvard University and Washington University in St. Louis.
He subsequently entered the United States Foreign Service as a career diplomat, and his postings included Germany, Liberia, Canada, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union. He became a noted Soviet expert, and in 1973-74 he served as ranking charge d'affaires at the United States Embassy in Moscow.
Kidnapping and death
In 1978, Dubs was appointed United States Ambassador to Afghanistan following a coup d'etat which brought the Soviet-aligned Khalq faction to power. On February 14, 1979, he was kidnapped by four armed militants belonging to the Setami Milli party posing as police. The kidnappers demanded the release of Badruddin Bahes, the imprisoned leader of their party. The government of Hafizullah Amin denied holding Bahes, and refused categorically to negotiate with the militants, in spite of the US Embassy's demands. Dubs was held in Room 117 of the Kabul Hotel (now called Kabul Serena Hotel). Afghan security forces and Soviet advisers swarmed the hallway and surrounding rooftops, but negotiations stalled. Shortly after 12:30 p.m., an exchange of gunfire started between the terrorists and the Afghan security forces, and Dubs was killed. Afterwards the U.S. government formally expressed to Moscow its disapproval of the assault by the security forces.
Dubs was not replaced by the US government and the embassy was finally closed in 1989 as security in Kabul deteriorated. The position of US ambassador to Afghanistan was not filled again until 2002.
Documents released from the Soviet KGB archives by Vasily Mitrokhin in the 1990s showed that the Afghan government clearly authorized the assault despite forceful demands for peaceful negotiations by the U.S., and that the KGB adviser on scene, Sergei Batrukhin, may have recommended the assault, as well as the execution of a kidnapper before U.S. experts could interrogate him. Other questions remain unanswered.
Camp Dubs, named after Dubs, is a US military camp in Darulaman in southwest Kabul.
- Francis E. Meloy, Jr., the previous US ambassador to die in the line of duty
- Arnold Lewis Raphel, the next U.S. ambassador to die in the line of duty
- J. Christopher Stevens U.S. ambassador who died in the line of duty in 2012
- "Adolph Dubs (1920-1979)". U.S. State Department. Retrieved 2012-09-15.
- Harrison, Selig; Cordovez, Diego (1995). Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story of the Soviet withdrawal. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-19-506294-9.
- "America's Afghanistan Envoy Slain". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 15, 1979. pp. 1, 4.
- Camp, Dick (2012). Boots on the Ground. Zenith Imprint. pp. 8–9. ISBN 9781610597449.
- PDF wilsoncenter.org
- American Foreign Service Association
- Adolph Dubs, Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy, Foreign Service Officer at unofficial Arlington National Cemetery website, written by Bruce Byers, USIS Press Attaché in Afghanistan under Dubs
- The Last Ambassador to Afghanistan, Beloit College magazine, 2002
- Death Behind a Keyhole: Protests over a perverse tragedy in Afghanistan - TIME
- Adolph Dubs nndb.com
Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.
|United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
J. Bruce Amstutz
(Ambassador in 2002)