Adolph Strauch

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Adolph Strauch
AdolfStrauch.JPG
Born August 30, 1822
Silesia, Prussia
Nationality Prussian
Practice Landscape architect
Design Mount Storm Park, Spring Grove Cemetery, Graceland Cemetery

Adolph Strauch (b. August 30, 1822 – 1883) was a renowned landscape architect born in Silesia, Prussia, known particularly for his layout designs of cemeteries like Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio and Graceland Cemetery in Chicago, Illinois. Strauch also laid out many parks in Cincinnati, Ohio, including Eden Park, Burnet Woods and Lincoln Park. Strauch was hired by Spring Grove Cemetery in 1855 to handle the landscaping, and became superintendent of the place by 1859.

Biography[edit]

Born in the province of Silesia of Prussia in 1822, Strauch began learning the art of landscaping around 1838, at age sixteen, when he studied in Vienna, Austria under gardeners at Schönbrunn Palace and Schloss Laxenburg. It was at Schönbrunn Palace that he became recognized in the craft by Hermann von Pückler-Muskau, who praised his work and befriended Strauch.[1]

By 1845 Strauch had left Vienna to get a more thorough idea of gardening techniques used in areas like Belgium, Germany and France.[1]

Career[edit]

"Temple of Love" Pergola at Mount Storm Park

Strauch designed Mount Storm Park in Cincinnati, Ohio in the neighborhood of Clifton, as well as many private gardens in that area. After reading Cosmos by Alexander von Humboldt, with its depictions of grave gardens in China, Strauch was inspired to go about implementing similar plans in the United States. By lessening the appearance of gaudy monuments and railings that were so much a part of cemetery layouts at the time, Strauch focused more on expansive areas of lawn and clusters of trees and shrubs. He did allow some monuments to be constructed or kept, but only those that met certain specifications (typically those with a Gothic appearance). After redesigning the layout of Spring Grove Cemetery, which previously was rundown and filled with swampland, the area was transformed into an area of scenic lakes and clusters of trees and bushes. Other cemeteries, like Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana, modelled their landscaping concept after Spring Grove.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vernon, Noël Dorsey; William H. Tishler (editor) (2004). Midwestern Landscape Architecture. University of Illinois Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-252-07214-6. 
  2. ^ Faust, Albert Bernhardt (1908). The German Element in the United States with Special Reference to Its Political, Moral, Social, and Educational Influence. Houghton Mifflin Co. pp. 64–65.