Adoni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Adoni
ఆదోని
Adavani, Yadavagiri
City
Adoni Fort
Adoni Fort
Adoni is located in Andhra Pradesh
Adoni
Adoni
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°37′28″N 77°16′23″E / 15.62444°N 77.27306°E / 15.62444; 77.27306Coordinates: 15°37′28″N 77°16′23″E / 15.62444°N 77.27306°E / 15.62444; 77.27306
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • MLA Konka Meenakshi Naidu (Telugu Desam Party[1])
Area
 • Total 32.2 km2 (12.4 sq mi)
Elevation 435 m (1,427 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 166,537
 • Rank 15th (in AP)
 • Density 5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Demonym Adonian
Languages
 • Official Telugu (official), Urdu (co-official)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 518 xxx
Telephone code +91 8512
Vehicle registration AP–21
Sex ratio 1008 /
Lok Sabha constituency Kurnool
Vidhan Sabha constituency Adoni
Website Adoni Municipality

Adoni is a Municipal town located in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is situated at the border of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.[3]

History[edit]

Adoni was a military base for the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century, evolved as a modern manufacturing hub. After the downfall of empire in the 16th century, as a product of military conflicts, the city remained a core part of Southern Indian history. Later, it was taken possession of by the Bijapur sovereigns of 16th and 17th century. It was the principal fort of the Kurnool district. In the 17th century, Kurnool was under the governorship of a hereditary line of jagirdars of African origin, who were among the most powerful nobles at court. In 1683, one noble, Siddi Masud, the governor of Kurnool and regent of Sultan Sikandar Bijapuri, retired to Adoni, where he ruled independently until 1689. In the same year, he surrendered to the Mughal general Anup Singh, maharaja of Bikaner.[4]

Siddi Masud is credited with improving the fort at Adoni, clearing the forest area in the vicinity of Adoni and establishing the townships of Imatiazgadh and Adilabad, and also constructing the Jamia Masjid.[5] Art historian Mark Zebrowski notes in his book Deccani Painting that the capture of Adoni revealed that Siddi Masud had been an avid collector of painting, and a patron of the Kurnool school of painting.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, Adoni remained under governors appointed by the Nizams of Hyderabad. In 1760, it was held by Basalut Jung, who made it his capital. In 1786-7, Tipu Sultan besieged Adoni, and after a month's siege, captured it. After his death and defeat at the hands of the English, Adoni was ceded to the English.[6]

Under British rule South India was divided into several administrative districts; Adoni fell into the district of Bellary of Madras presidency. In 1867 AD, The Adoni Municipal Council was created, along with the Bellary Municipal Council.[7]

The city gained its present seat as part of the state of Andhra Pradesh in 1953, after the linguistic reorganization of states. On October 1, 1953, Bellary district of Madras State was divided on linguistic basis, and Adoni (along with Yemmiganur, Alur, Raayadurgam, D.Hirehaalu, Kanekallu, Bommanahaalu, and Gummagatta) were merged into Anantapuram and Kurnool district in what would later became the Andhra Pradesh state.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Adoni is located at 15°38′N 77°17′E / 15.63°N 77.28°E / 15.63; 77.28.[8] It has an average elevation of 435 metres (1427 feet). The Climate: is mainly tropical; with temperature Range between 31 °C – 45 °C in summer and 21 °C – 29 °C in winter.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 166,537. The total population constitute, 82,743 males and 83,794 females —a sex ratio of 1013 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[2][9] 18,406 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 9,355 are boys and 9,051 are girls—a ratio of 968 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 68.38% with 101,292 literates, significantly lower than the national average of 73.00%.[2][10]

Religions in Adoni
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
52%
Muslims
  
45%
Christians
  
2.3%
Others†
  
0.7%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Economy[edit]

Adoni is one of the largest producer of cotton and has a substantial textile industry. Adoni is a famous trading centre in Andhra Pradesh with a big market situated in the heart of the town.Britishers called adoni as second Bombay for trrade.It is a renown location for gold, Textile and cotton trade. Cotton Dhurries locally known as 'shatranjis', rich in quality and design, are produced on horizontal looms with heavy cotton threads. Their skillful weaving with beautiful color contrasts has created a sensation in the export market.

The also showcased during various events at Shilparamam, the arts and crafts village at Hyderabad. During British period, cotton mills and oil mills are located in Adoni. The main exports are oil, cotton, rice, vegetables etc. Paddy fields are most common; as rice being the primary cash crop.And also famous for Granite mines.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The Railway station of Adoni was built during British rule over 100 years ago, it exists till now, Indian Government haven't made any modification to this railway station. So it looks very aged. It comes under South Central Railway on the Solapur-Guntakal line which is part of Chennai-Mumbai line and several trains run daily to these cities and New Delhi.

Road[edit]

It is connected to major cities of the state by road. Adoni is well connected to the cities like Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kurnool, Anantapur, Vijayawada, Bellary, Tirupathi, Mysore etc. by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC), Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and some private travels. Within the city, auto rickshaws and rented cars are a common means of commutation.

The Domestic airports near to the town are at Bellary (68 km) and Puttaparthi (170 km) by road.[11] Rajiv Gandhi International Airport(293 km),HAL Bangalore International Airport(346 km)

Culture[edit]

Adoni has many Ganesha temples and famous dargah's. The most well known site in the city includes the Ranmandala Hill, which houses the hanuman lord and Dargahs. The Ramjala Lake plays is a tourist attraction with its munificent water birds. With a rich cultural history, the city's physical geography reflects unique elements of (Hindu and Muslims) influence over the span of generations. At the foot of the Ranmandala hill, there are many old and last century's built temples are situated. Kota Sri Mangaraya Temple, Kota Sri Veerabhadra swamy temple, Kota Sri Venkataramana Temple. Sri Mangaraya Temple is of Lord Hanuman, which is an old historical one and the idol was installed by Sri Vyasarayaru of 16 or 17th Century. Sri Veerabhadra Temple is of Lord Shiva and Parvathi, in the form of Sri Veerabhadra and Goddess Kali, which is commonly worshiped by The Veerashiva Community. Sri Mangaraya Temple is now under the maintenance of Sri Raghavendra Swamy Muttha, Mantralayam.

Ruins Of historical interest are the ruins of a royal fort dating back to the medieval empire of Vijayanagar, which flourished from the 14th to the 16th century. Several Persian and Arabic inscriptions which throw light on various aspects of historical interests are found here.

Adoni Fort Adoni fort is one of the famous forts in India. It was the capital city of the Vijayanagara Kingdom for a long time until the Muslims, the Deccan sultanates, won the battle for the capital city of Hampi. Adoni was the capital city of a vast area during this time, and was one of the largest forts in the Vijayanagara Kingdom. The fort ramparts surrounded by 50 km. The fort has number of entrance gates, and is encircled atop seven huge granite hills. It had built by 12 sub-forts so adoni fort is also called barakilla in Hindi. The fort has secret tunnels that connect to Bellary and Hampi forts.

Education[edit]

The popular colleges in Adoni are Adoni Arts and science college[12] Govt. Polytechnic, TGL Gopalsetty Polytechnic.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Winners:Andhra Pradesh 2009". Myneta.info. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  2. ^ a b c "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  3. ^ "Adoni Location Map". Maps of India. Retrieved 2014-07-29. 
  4. ^ Zebrowski, Mark. Deccani Painting (1983)
  5. ^ Rangachar Vasantha, M A Mannan Basha, Islamic architecture of Deccan
  6. ^ A gazetteer of Southern India. 
  7. ^ The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 19081931 [vol. 1, 1909]. pp. 158–176. 
  8. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Adoni". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  9. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "Adoni Map | India Google Satellite Maps". Maplandia.com. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  12. ^ Welcome to Adoni College

External links[edit]