Adopt a Highway
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The Adopt-a-Highway program, also known as Sponsor-a-Highway (but see distinction below), is a promotional campaign undertaken by U.S. states, provinces and territories of Canada, in addition to national governments outside North America to encourage volunteers to keep a section of a highway free from litter. In exchange for regular litter removal, an organization (such as Cub Scouts or Knights of Columbus) is allowed to have its name posted on a sign in the section of the highways they maintain.
The program originated in the 1980s when James Evans, an engineer for the Texas Department of Transportation, saw debris flying out of a pickup truck bed. Litter cleanup by the city was expensive, so Evans sought the help of local groups to sponsor the cleaning of sections of the highway. The efforts of Billy Black, a public information officer, led to quarterly cleanup cycles, volunteer safety training, the issuing of reflective vests and equipment, and the posting of adopt-a-highway signs.
In 1985, the Tyler Civitan Club became the first group to volunteer, adopting two miles along U.S. Route 69 just north of Loop 323 between Tyler and Interstate 20. The program proved to be very successful and has since spread to 49 states, Puerto Rico, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Japan.
Some states, such as Nevada, allow both Adopt-a-Highway and Sponsor-a-Highway programs. In both programs, an organization that contributes to the cleanup is allowed to post its name. However, while an adopting organization provides the volunteers who do the litter pickup, a sponsoring organization instead pays professional contractors to do the work. Because of safety concerns, the latter is more typical in highways with high traffic volumes.
In New York City, the Adopt A Highway program has many commercial companies renting out signs for advertisement purposes on both Highways and Parkways. Signs are rented for a term of 1 year and usually consist of about 1 mile of roadway per sign. While rented, the program then uses some of the revenue produced to have a crew come in and clean the roadway only within the renters area. Two types of crews currently clean the roadways. The picking crew removes trash from the side of the road in the grassy areas and a sweeping crew cleans dirt in the actual roadway.
The Adopt-A-Highway program allows any organization to participate, which became a point of controversy when the Ku Klux Klan adopted a portion of Interstate 55 just south of St. Louis, Missouri. While legally the program had to uphold the groups' rights to participate, the public outcry and repeated destruction of their sign was a cause of concern. In November 2000, the section of highway was designated as the Rosa Parks Freeway, named after the famed civil-rights heroine.
KKK sponsorship was later dropped from the program for its failure to fulfil its obligations, and the Missouri Department of Transportation adopted specific criteria to prohibit hate groups from future participation. However, the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that any attempt to bar the Klan from participation in the Adopt-a-Highway program on the basis of the group's purpose is a violation of the First Amendment. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case, so the ruling stood.
In January 2005, the American Nazi Party adopted a stretch of the rural Sunnyview Road NE outside Salem, Oregon. Two signs were put up along the road that bore the names of the American Nazi Party and NSM. The signs, which cost $500 of taxpayer's money and were almost immediately subject to vandalism, have since been removed. The American Nazi Party's chair, Rocky J. Suhayda, claimed to have no association with the Adopt a Highway program.
In 2009, the state of Missouri renamed a section of highway after Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, because it had been adopted by a neo-Nazi group. Rabbi Heschel fled the Nazis’ advance in Europe and became a prominent theologian and civil rights advocate in the United States before his death in 1972. Rabbi Heschel's daughter opposed this decision.
In 2012, the International Keystone Knights of the KKK submitted an application to adopt a stretch of Georgia State Route 515. The Georgia Department of Transportation denied the application, citing safety concerns and the hate group's history.
In 2012, PennDOT accepted an Adopt-A-Highway sponsorship along a portion of Interstate 376 in Pittsburgh from a local strip club located in Downtown Pittsburgh. According to PennDOT officials, strip clubs are permitted, along with any other business, to sponsor such projects, since it keeps the roads clean and saves taxpayers money. Despite the sponsorship, the program does not send strippers to clean the roads, but rather sends workers from the state paid for by the club to clean the highways.
In popular culture 
- In the hit U.S. sitcom Seinfeld episode The Pothole, Cosmo Kramer adopts a mile of the fictional Arthur Berkhardt Expressway. Kramer proceeds to alter the 4 lane highway to 2 lanes to allow the creation of wider "leisure lanes", which results in major traffic congestion.
- In the American Dad episode "It's Good to Be Queen" Francine comments on the cleanliness of the highway and gives thanks to the Ku Klux Klan.
- The MU330 song "KKK Hiway" is about the Ku Klux Klan's attempt to sponsor Interstate 55 in lead singer Dan Potthast's hometown of St. Louis ("a few miles away from [his] mom's house").
- In the Simpsons episode Krusty Gets Kancelled, Bette Midler is seen picking up trash along a stretch of highway she has adopted, and causes car crashes for drivers who deliberately litter.
- "The Name Game: Rosa Parks and the KKK". Snopes.com. June 11, 2012.
- Neo-Nazis’ Road Adoption Spurs Action: Missouri to Rename Highway After Rabbi. New York Times News Service.
- Cooper, Michael (June 22, 2009). "Daughter Against Use of Father’s Name to Subvert Neo-Nazis". The New York Times.
- Valencia, Nick (June 13, 2012). "Georgia official: KKK won't be allowed to 'adopt' highway". CNN.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Adopt a Highway|
- Texas Adopt-a-Highway history from the Texas Department of Transportation Web site
- Public Litter Removal Programs from the Nevada Department of Transportation Web site
- Adopt a Highway from the British Columbia Ministry of Transportation Web site
- United States Attorneys Hate Crimes Task Force Web Site
- LA Car- Your Friendly Nazi Party Adopts a Highway?
- Adopt A Highway - First Adopt a Highway corporation [Est. 1990].
- Adopt a Highway Program - Adopt a Highway corporate sponsorship site.