Edremit, Balıkesir

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Edremit
Altınoluk resort center near Edremit
Altınoluk resort center near Edremit
Location of Edremit
Edremit is located in Turkey
Edremit
Edremit
Location of Edremit
Coordinates: 39°35′N 27°01′E / 39.583°N 27.017°E / 39.583; 27.017Coordinates: 39°35′N 27°01′E / 39.583°N 27.017°E / 39.583; 27.017
Country  Turkey
Region Aegean
Province Balıkesir
Government
 • Mayor Kamil Saka (CHP)
Area[1]
 • District 731.32 km2 (282.36 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 55,255
 • District 127,459
 • District density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 10x xx
Licence plate 10
Website http://www.edremit.bel.tr

Edremit (Ottoman Turkish: ادرمد) is a district in Balıkesir Province, Turkey, as well as the central city of that district, on the west coast of Turkey, not far from the Greek island Lesbos.

It is situated at the tip of the gulf with the same name (Gulf of Edremit), with its town center a few kilometers inland, and is an important center of trade, along with the other towns that are situated on the same gulf (namely Ayvalık, Gömeç, Burhaniye and Havran). It is also one of the largest district centers of Balıkesir Province. The district of Edremit, especially around Kazdağı, is largely covered with forests.

History[edit]

The name of Edremit corresponds to that of the ancient city of Adramyttion (Άδραμύττιον) or Adramytteion (Άδραμύττειον) or, in Latinized form Adramyttium, a city of Asia Minor on the coast of Mysia. It was to this port that the ship belonged on which Paul the Apostle set out from Caesarea Maritima for the first part of his journey to Rome.[3] It conveyed him only to Myra, in Lycia, whence he sailed on an Alexandrian ship for Italy. In classical times, Adramyttium received settlers from Athens and Delos.[4][5][6] It later belonged to the Roman province or Asia, whose capital was Ephesus.

Adramyttium became the seat of a Christian bishopric. Of its bishops, Helladius took part in the Council of Ephesus in 431, Aurelius in a synod at Constantinople in 448, Flavianus in both the Robber Council of Ephesus in 449 and the Council of Chalcedon in 451. To Iulianus Hypatius of Ephesus dedicated one of his writings between 431 and 440. Theodorus was at the Third Council of Constantinople (680), Basilius at the Second Council of Nicaea (787), and Michael at the Council of Constantinople (869). The see itself appeared in all the Notitiae Episcopatuum from the 7th to the 13th century.[7][8][9] No longer a residential bishopric, Adramyttium is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[10]

The ancient city was on the coast, 13 kilometres southwest of the modern city and 4 kilometres west of Burhaniye.[11]

Economy[edit]

Edremit's economy relies largely on the production of olives, as well as on tourism. Edremit is known as the olive capital of Turkey. Kaz Dağı National Park, extending around the ancient Mount Ida (mentioned in Homer's epic poems such as the Iliad), is situated within the boundaries of Edremit district and is an important tourist attraction with its natural scenery and a number of picturesque small villages around it.

Demographics[edit]

In ethno-cultural terms, the population of Edremit is a mixture of Balkan Turks, descendants of immigrants from Balkans, Aegean Islands, some Circassians, as well as native Tahtacı Turkmens, who pursue their own traditions and life-style to this day. A private museum of ethnography in the village of Tahtakuşlar is one of the rare institutions in Turkey focusing on Tahtacı culture.

Notable people from Edremit[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ of the Apostles&src=27:2 Acts of the Apostles
  4. ^ William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854): "Adramyttium"
  5. ^ Gustav Hirschfeld, "Adramytteion" in Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Vol. I,1, Stuttgart 1893
  6. ^ Alexander Kazhdan (editor), The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (Oxford University Press, 1991, 3 vols., ISBN 0195046528) vol. 1, 227, s. v. Atramyttion
  7. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 699-702
  8. ^ Sophrone Pétridès, v. Adramyttium, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. I, Paris 1909, coll. 596-597
  9. ^ Pascal Culerrier, Les évêchés suffragants d'Éphèse aux 5e-13e siècles, in Revue des études byzantines, vol. 45, 1987, p. 153
  10. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 826
  11. ^ Mordtmann, J. H.; Ménage, V. L.. "Edremit." Encyclopédie de l’Islam. Brill Online, 2014. Reference. 30 September 2014

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Adramyttium". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.