Adrar, Algeria

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For the region of Mauritania, see Adrar (region). For the Adrar Province (Wilaya), see Adrar Province.
Adrar
أدرار
City
Buildings in Adrar
Buildings in Adrar
Location of Adrar commune within Adrar Province
Location of Adrar commune within Adrar Province
Adrar is located in Algeria
Adrar
Adrar
Location of Adrar within Algeria
Coordinates: 27°52′N 0°17′W / 27.867°N 0.283°W / 27.867; -0.283Coordinates: 27°52′N 0°17′W / 27.867°N 0.283°W / 27.867; -0.283
Country  Algeria
Province Adrar Province
District Adrar District
Area
 • Total 633 km2 (244 sq mi)
Elevation 258 m (846 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 64,781
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Area code(s) 0101

Adrar (Arabic: أدرار‎, Berber: Adrar in Tifinagh.svg) is the administrative capital of Adrar Province, the second largest province in Algeria. The commune is based around an oasis in the Tuat region of the Sahara Desert. According to a 2008 census it has a population of 64,781,[1] up from 43,903 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 4.0%.[1]

Adrar is mainly an agricultural town, characterized by its traditional irrigation system, the Foggara.

Geography[edit]

Adrar lies at an elevation of 258 metres (846 ft) above sea level. A large oasis lies to the southwest of the town; this oasis lies in the Tuat region, a string of oases running from Bouda in the north to Reggane in the south. A vast area of sand dunes, the Erg Chech, lies to the west, while a large rocky plateau, the Tademaït, lies to the east.

Climate[edit]

Adrar has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with extremely hot summers and mild winters. There is very little rain throughout the year.

Climate data for Adrar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
39.1
(102.4)
40.0
(104)
43.8
(110.8)
47.5
(117.5)
49.0
(120.2)
49.6
(121.3)
49.8
(121.6)
49.6
(121.3)
43.5
(110.3)
36.6
(97.9)
33.5
(92.3)
49.8
(121.6)
Average high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
24.5
(76.1)
28.0
(82.4)
32.1
(89.8)
36.7
(98.1)
42.8
(109)
46.4
(115.5)
45.3
(113.5)
41.3
(106.3)
33.1
(91.6)
26.1
(79)
20.9
(69.6)
33.15
(91.67)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
16.0
(60.8)
19.4
(66.9)
23.6
(74.5)
28.1
(82.6)
33.8
(92.8)
36.7
(98.1)
35.9
(96.6)
32.2
(90)
25.0
(77)
18.2
(64.8)
12.9
(55.2)
24.52
(76.13)
Average low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
7.5
(45.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.1
(59.2)
19.4
(66.9)
24.7
(76.5)
26.9
(80.4)
26.6
(79.9)
23.2
(73.8)
16.8
(62.2)
10.2
(50.4)
4.9
(40.8)
15.84
(60.52)
Record low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−2.2
(28)
4.0
(39.2)
9.5
(49.1)
12.5
(54.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.0
(66.2)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
0.0
(32)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2.3
(0.091)
1.3
(0.051)
2.6
(0.102)
4.1
(0.161)
0.3
(0.012)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.008)
0.2
(0.008)
1.5
(0.059)
0.6
(0.024)
1.4
(0.055)
14.6
(0.575)
 % humidity 38.0 30.8 24.1 22.5 19.9 15.4 13.3 15.9 21.5 30.3 35.7 40.6 25.67
Source #1: Hong Kong Observatory (temperature 1964-1990, rainfall 1965-1990)[3]
Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, humidity)[4]

Culture[edit]

The settlement in the region (formerly known as Tuat) is quite ancient and the area provides for several different cultures and includes several historic monuments. This intermingling gave birth to a body of traditions and of cultural and hand-crafted practices that are still present today in the life of its inhabitants translating into a wealth of the folklore and cultural heritage.[vague]

Transportation[edit]

Touat Cheikh Sidi Mohamed Belkebir Airport (or simply Adrar Airport)[5] is located 10 kilometers away from center of the city. Airlines include Air Algérie flight to Algiers, Bordj Badji Mokhtar, Oran and Ouargla in addition to Tassili Airlines flights to In Aménas.

Adrar is on the N6 national highway, which leads north to Béchar and south to Reggane and Timiaouine.

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[6][2][1]
1936 800
1966 13,300
1987 28,600
1998 43,903
2008 64,781

Education[edit]

9.2% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 19.8% has completed secondary education.[7] The overall literacy rate is 84.1%, and is 89.9% among males and 78.1% among females (the second highest among all the communes in the province).[8]

Localities[edit]

As of 1984, the commune was composed of the following eight localities:[9]

  • Adrar
  • Adgha
  • Ouguedim
  • Barbaa
  • Ouled Oungal
  • Ouled Ouchen
  • Ouled Ali
  • Tililane
  • Meraguen

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Population: Wilaya d'Adrar" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climatological Information for Adrar, Algeria". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Adrar, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Touat Cheikh Sidi Mohamed Belkebir Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  6. ^ populstat.info
  7. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'Adrar" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1472. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 


External links[edit]