Adrian

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For other uses, see Adrian (disambiguation).
Adrian
Bust Hadrian Musei Capitolini MC817.jpg
Bust of Hadrian
Gender Male
Origin
Word/name Latin
Meaning From Adria
Other names
Related names Adriaan, Adriaen, Adriana, Adriano, Adrianus, Adrien, Adrienne, Arie, Jadran, Jadranko

Adrian is a form of the Latin given name Adrianus or Hadrianus. Its ultimate origin is likely via the former river Adria from the Venetic word adur for 'water'.[1] The Adria was until the 8th century BC the main channel of the Po River into the Adriatic Sea, but ceased to exist before the 1st century BC. Hecataeus of Miletus (c.550 - c.476 BC) asserted that both the Etruscan harbor city of Adria and the Adriatic Sea had been named after it.[2] Emperor Hadrian's family was named after the city or region of Adria/Hadria, now Atri, in Picenum, which likely started as an Etruscan or Greek colony of the older harbor city of the same name.[3]

Several saints and six popes have borne this name, including the only English pope, Adrian IV, and the only Dutch pope, Adrian VI. As an English name, it has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it was not popular until modern times.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Adrian Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p.7. (ISBN 1-85986-323-x)
  2. ^ Bonomi, Simonetta (1998). "Adria e Spina". In Rebecchi, Fernando. Spina e il delta padano (Atti del convegno "Spina, due civiltà a confronto") (in Italian). L'ERMA di BRETSCHNEIDER. ISBN 88-7062-983-X. , pp. 241-3
  3. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854). "Adria". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography 1. London: John Murray. p. 8.