Adrian of Moscow

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Adrian (Russian: Адриан)
Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus'
Patriarkh Adrian.jpg
Church Russian Orthodox Church
See Moscow
Predecessor Joachim
Successor Stefan Yavorsky
Coadjutor
Personal details
Born October 2, 1623
Moscow, Russia
Died October 16, 1700
Buried Dormition Cathadrel, Moscow Kremlin
Profession Civil Servant, Tsardom of Russia

Patriarch Adrian (Russian: Адриан; born Andrey, Андрей; 2 October 1627 - 16 October 1700) was the last pre-revolutionary Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

Adrian caught the eye of Patriarch Joachim, when he was still an archmandrite at Chudov Monastery. In 1686, Joachim appointed him metropolitan of Kazan and Sviyazhsk. On August 24, 1690, Adrian was chosen to replace Joachim on his post. Patriarch Adrian was a staunch adherent of traditional norms and opposed Peter the Great's reforms (e.g., he criticized Peter's decree on mandatory shaving of beards). Adrian's relations with the tsar were tense; however, he had to accept some of Peter's criticism about deficiencies in management of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Joachim
Patriarch of Moscow
1690–1700
Succeeded by
Stefan Yavorsky
Coadjutor