||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008)|
|Minister of the Overseas Provinces|
|Prime Minister||António de Oliveira Salazar|
15 September 1922 |
Grijó de Vale Benfeito, Macedo de Cavaleiros, Portugal
|Political party||CDS – People's Party|
|National Union (before 1974)|
|Spouse(s)||Mónica Isabel Maia de Lima Mayer|
|Alma mater||University of Lisbon|
Adriano José Alves Moreira (born September 15, 1922, Grijó de Vale Benfeito, Macedo de Cavaleiros, Portugal), is a Portuguese statesman, deputy, politician, lawyer and professor. Adriano Moreira was a top political figure in Portugal throughout the second half of the 20th century.
Adriano Moreira was born in Macedo de Cavaleiros, northern Portugal, son of António José Moreira and wife Leopoldina do Céu Alves, and graduated in Law from the University of Lisbon in 1944. Later he would be awarded a doctorate from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Adriano Moreira started as a sympathizer of the Portuguese Democratic Opposition movement, signing a list of the MUD in 1945. He was the lawyer of the family of general José Marques Godinho, when he was arrested and later died in prison for his attempt to overthrow the Salazar regime in 1947. The family of the general sued the minister Fernando Santos Costa for his alleged responsibility in the death and was all arrested because of that, like Adriano Moreira himself.
He became with time closer to the New State. He was chosen to be the Portuguese minister for Overseas under António de Oliveira Salazar's Estado Novo regime. Noted for the legislative reforms that he introduced during his two years (1961–1963) as Minister of the Overseas Provinces (Ministro do Ultramar) during the New State (at Salazar's invitation). From this period are the foundation of two university institutions in Portuguese Angola and Mozambique - Estudos Gerais Universitários de Moçambique and Estudos Gerais Universitários de Angola. A brief two-year spell in Brazilian exile marked the short path between two political regimes (pre- and post- 1974 Carnation Revolution) for Adriano Moreira.
His influence over the CDS – People's Party, the conservative party of which he was President and which he represented as a deputy in the Portuguese Parliament from 1979, was to be more permanent, and from where he was to occupy an important place in the development of post-Carnation Revolution politics. He was President of the Portuguese Assembleia da República (Assembly of the Republic).
For decades he was a professor at the Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas of the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (Technical University of Lisbon).
His published works include "A Europa em Formação", Lisboa, 1974, "Ciência Política", Lisboa, 1979, "Teoria das Relações Internacionais", Coimbra, 1996.
He married at São Martinho, Sintra, on August 30, 1968 Isabel Mónica Maia de Lima Mayer, born at Mercês, Lisbon, on August 2, 1945, whose paternal grandfather had distant Ashkenazi Jewish and Sephardic Jewish ancestry and whose paternal grandmother was Irish, and had six children.
Decorations and affiliations
- Doctor Honoris Causa by the Aberta University, and University of Beira Interior, in Portugal; and by the Universities of Manaus, Brasília, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.
- Member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras, Academia das Ciências de Lisboa, Academia de Marinha, Academia de Ciencias Morales y Politicas de Madrid and Academia Portuguesa da História.
- "Adriano José Alves Moreira." GeneAll.net. Web. 13 Nov. 2010. <http://www.geneall.net/P/per_page.php?id=21204>.