The Vilayet of Adrianople or Vilayet of Edirne (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ادرنه, Vilâyet-i Edirne) was a vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.
This vilayet encompassed territories in present-day European Turkey, eastern part of Northern Greece and the southern fringes of Southeasthern Bulgaria. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 26,160 square miles (67,800 km2). In the east in bordered with the Istanbul Vilayet, Black and Marmara Seas, it the west with the Salonica Vilayet, in the north with Eastern Rumelia, (Bulgaria) and in the south with the Aegean Sea. Sometimes the area is described also as Southern Thrace, or Adrianopolitan Thrace.
After the city of Adrianople (pop. in 1905 about 80,000), the principal towns ware Rodosto (35,000), Gallipoli (25,000), Kirk-Kilisseh (16,000), İskeçe (14,000), Chorlu (11,500), Dimotika (10,000), Enos (8000), Gyumyurdzhina (Bulgarian name of Gümülcine) (8000) and Dedeagatch (3000).
Sanjaks of the Vilayet:
- Sanjak of Edirne
- Sanjak of Kirklareli (Kirkkilise)
- Sanjak of Tekirdag (Tekfurdagi)
- Sanjak of Gelibolu
- Sanjak of Dedeağaç (1878-1912)
- Sanjak of Gümülcine (1878-1912)
- Sanjak of Filibe (until 1878, then it became part of Eastern Rumelia)
- Sanjak of Slimia (until 1878, then became part of Eastern Rumelia)
1907 Ottoman Turkish map of the vilayet
Ethnic map of 1912 according to Bulgarian ethnographers
- ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 Edition, Adrianople.
- ^ a b c d "1914 Census Statistics". Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Xanthi". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- ^ Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Edirne ("Yearbook of the Vilayet of Edirne"), Edirne vilâyet matbaası, Edirne, 1300 [1882; on the website of Hathi Trust Digital Libray.]
- ^ Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
- ^ Migration, Memory, Heritage: Socio-cultural Approaches to the Bulgarian-turkish Border, Magdalena Elchinova, Valentina Ganeva-Raycheva, Lina Gergova, Stoyka Penkova, Natalia Rashkova, Nikolai Vukov, Meglena Zlatkova, Lina Gergova, ISBN 954845842X, p. 30.
- ^ Europe and the Historical Legacies in the Balkans, Raymond Detrez, Barbara Segaert, Peter Lang, 2008, ISBN 9052013748, p. 58.
- ^ Wikisource - 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica - Adrianople (vilayet)
- ^ Edirne Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Adrianople (vilayet)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.