Adrianus Johannes Simonis
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Adrianus Johannes Simonis
|Cardinal-Archbishop Emeritus of Utrecht|
Cardinal Simonis in 2001
|Church||Basilica di San Clemente|
|Installed||3 December 1983|
|Term ended||14 April 2007|
|Ordination||15 June 1957
by Martien Antoon Jansen
|Consecration||20 March 1971
by Bernardus Johannes Alfrink
|Created Cardinal||25 May 1985
by John Paul II
|Rank||Cardinal-Priest of S. Clemente|
26 November 1931 |
|Coat of arms|
Simonis was born in Lisse, South Holland, the eldest of eleven children. He studied at the Seminary of Hageveld from 1945 to 1951, and at the Major Seminary of Warmond from 1951 to 1957. He was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Martien Jansen on 15 June 1957, and then did pastoral work in the Diocese of Rotterdam until 1959, serving as curate at the parish of Saint Victor in Waddinxveen and later at the parish Holy Martyrs Gorinchem in Rotterdam.
From 1959 to 1966, he furthered his studies in Rome at the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) and the Pontifical Biblical Institute, from where he obtained a doctorate cum laude in biblical exegesis with a thesis entitled: "Jesus as the Good Shepherd in the Gospel of Saint John". Following his return to the Netherlands, he served as pastor of the parish of Blessed Sacrament in The Hague (1966–1970) and chaplain in the Red Cross Hospital. He became a canon of the cathedral chapter of Rotterdam in March 1969.
|Ordination history of Adrianus Johannes Simonis|
|Principal consecrator||Bernardus Johannes Alfrink (Utrecht)|
|Date of consecration||20 March 1971|
|Bishops consecrated by Adrianus Johannes Simonis as principal consecrator|
|Philippe Bär||20 March 1982|
|Frans Wiertz||25 September 1993|
|Ad van Luyn||12 February 1994|
|Wim Eijk||6 November 1999|
|Gerard de Korte||2 June 2001|
He was named Bishop of Rotterdam on 29 December 1970. The appointment of a conservative priest as a bishop in the then progressive Catholic Church in the Netherlands caused a lot of turmoil, and Simonis had to devote himself to promoting harmony and unity in his community. Simonis became Archbishop of Utrecht on 3 December 1983. A former president of the Dutch Bishops' Conference, Simonis was a major supporter of Pope John Paul II's eventful visit to the Netherlands in 1985.
He was elevated to the College of Cardinals during the Consistory of 25 May 1985, as Cardinal-Priest of Basilica of San Clemente, making him the seventh cardinal of the Dutch Church. He is a member of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, and of the Congregation for Catholic Education and the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. He held these memberships until his 80th birthday on 26 November 2011.
Cardinal Simonis sent his letter of resignation as Archbishop of Utrecht to Pope Benedict on 13 November 2006, and the Pope accepted it on 14 April 2007, two months before Simonis celebrated his golden jubilee as a priest on 15 June. Simonis continued to govern the archdiocese as Apostolic Administrator until his successor, Wim Eijk, who was appointed on 11 December of the same year, took possession of the see.
In 2011 Cardinal Simonis testified on 25 January that he had no role in the appointment or dismissal of a Catholic priest accused of drugging and raping a young man. The brief appearance by Cardinal Simonis at Middelburg District Court marked the first time such a senior cleric had appeared in a Dutch courtroom to answer questions about abuse in the church. The victim, Dave ten Hoor, says he was drugged and raped twice by the priest, identified only as Father Jan N., in 1989 and 1990 in the southern town of Terneuzen. "I do not know him at all," Simonis said of Father Jan, adding that he had nothing to do with his appointment as a priest in Terneuzen. Simonis has been drawn into the case because before moving to Terneuzen Father Jan also allegedly abused children at a youth centre run by the Salesian order in Rijswijk, a town just outside The Hague. At the time, Simonis was Bishop of Rotterdam and Rijswijk fell within his diocese. However Cardinal Simonis said he had visited the centre just once for a party and did not recall meeting the priest, though he did not rule out that he may have been introduced to him.
According to Radio Netherlands World:
- "The cardinal was told by the then bishop of Rotterdam, Philippe Bär, that the priest had sexually abused underage boys in his parish in Zoetermeer. Bishop Bär wanted the priest out of his diocese. Archbishop Simonis then arranged for the man to be moved to a parish in Amersfoort.
- The cardinal kept the Amersfoort parish in the dark about the priest’s paedophile behaviour and convictions. The priest himself says the cardinal did nothing to monitor how the situation developed.
- Parents who complained about the priest to Cardinal Simonis were given no assistance. Hanneke Brunt, whose altar-boy son was abused: 'Simonis told me – ‘This doesn’t go on in the Roman Catholic Church. We don’t do that.’' Abuse victim Erwin Meester says Cardinal Simonis 'wilfully and knowingly gave a paedophile his protection, when he should have been protecting the faithful under his care.'
Adrianus Johannes Simonis
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Cardinal Simonis, now retired, caused a furore [in 2010] when he commented on the abuse in an interview on a television programme. Speaking in German, he said: 'Wir haben es nicht gewusst (We did not know)'" He says he dealt with all the cases of abuse that were brought to his attention “extremely carefully”.
- Adrianus Johannes Cardinal Simonis at Catholic-Hierarchy
|Catholic Church titles|
Martien Antoon Jansen
|Bishop of Rotterdam
29 December 1970–27 June 1983
Ronald Philippe Bär
|Archbishop of Utrecht
3 December 1983–14 April 2007
|Cardinal-Priest of San Clemente
25 May 1985–present