Adriatic LNG terminal

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Not to be confused with Adria LNG.

The Adriatic LNG terminal is a liquid natural gas offshore terminal, formally known as Terminale GNL Adriatico Srl.[1] Located in the northern Adriatic 9 miles (14 km) offshore of Porto Viro, in Porto Levante, near Rovigo, Italy, it is the world's first offshore gravity-based structure LNG regasification terminal.[2][3] The terminal is operated by Qatar Terminal Ltd., a subsidiary of Qatar Petroleum, ExxonMobil Italiana Gas, and Edison SpA. The terminal is 47-metre (154 ft) high, 88-metre (289 ft) wide, and 180-metre (590 ft) long.[4]

Construction[edit]

The terminal facility was built in Algeciras, Spain, then towed to Porto Levante, Italy. Construction started in October 2003 and finished in August 2008.[5] The LNG tanks were constructed in South Korea. The pipeline that connects to the terminal is located south of the Levante Po River mouth near Scanno Cavallari.[6]

Moving[edit]

After construction was completed in Algeciras, the rig was towed by four tugboats to its current location off the coast of Rovigo.[5] The flotilla traveled the 1,700 nautical miles (3,100 km; 2,000 mi) in 16 days to reach the site. It traveled at an average speed of 4.4 knots (8.1 km/h; 5.1 mph).[4] When it arrived, the terminal was weighted down by water to ensure it was permanently positioned on the seabed.[4]

Operations[edit]

Operations started in the mid of 2009. It received its first cargo on 11 August 2009. When fully operational, it is expected to store and regasify 8 billion cubic metres (280 billion cubic feet) of natural gas per year, enough to meet 10% of Italy's natural gas needs.[7][8] The terminal will receive a LNG carrier every three days from Qatar.[5] The gas will then be regasified and will be sent to the Italian gas network by a pipeline from the terminal to the coast.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.adriaticlng.com/wps/portal/alng/en/about.us
  2. ^ "Offshore LNG terminal moved to Adriatic off Italy". Oil & Gas Journal (PennWell Corp.). 2008-09-23. (subscription required). Retrieved 2008-10-05. 
  3. ^ http://www.adriaticlng.com/wps/portal/alng/en/about.us/ See "Our History"
  4. ^ a b c "Edison: First Offshore Regasification Plant In The World Lands To Italy" (Press release). Edison S.p.A. 2008-09-20. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  5. ^ a b c "Adriatic LNG Terminal Project". Retrieved 2008-10-05. 
  6. ^ "Technical features". Adriatic LNG. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
  7. ^ http://www.adriaticlng.com/wps/portal/alng/en/about.us/
  8. ^ name=ogj110809> Watkins, Eric (2009-08-11). "Adriatic LNG receives first cargo". Oil & Gas Journal 107 (PennWell Corp.). (subscription required). Retrieved 2009-08-12. 

Coordinates: 45°05′30″N 12°35′10″E / 45.09167°N 12.58611°E / 45.09167; 12.58611