Advance Passenger Information System

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The Advance Passenger Information System[1] (often incorrectly called Advanced Passenger Information System, or APIS) is an electronic data interchange system established by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).[2]

APIS governs the provision of a limited number of data elements (identification details from the passport and basic flight information) from commercial airline and vessel operators to the computer system of the destination state.[3] Required information should conform to specifications for UN/EDIFACT Passenger List Message (PAXLST) formats.[4]

Beginning in May 2009, private aircraft pilots must also provide the necessary information to the CBP.[5] The regulations were put into effect in December 2008 with a 180 day voluntary compliance period.[6]

eAPIS (electronic APIS) is a public website (https://eapis.cbp.dhs.gov) which allows small commercial carriers to transmit data to the CBP electronically.[7]

When travelling to or from certain countries, passengers are required to provide advance passenger information (API) before they check in or they will be unable to fly.[8] These countries include

  • Antigua
  • Australia
  • Barbados
  • Canada
  • China
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Grenada
  • India
  • Ireland
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Maldives
  • Mexico
  • Republic of Korea
  • Russian Federation
  • Saint Lucia
  • Spain (except for Schengen zone passengers)
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • United Kingdom
  • United States

The required information consists of:[citation needed]

  • Full name (last name, first name, middle name if applicable)
  • Gender
  • Date of birth
  • Nationality
  • Country of residence
  • Travel document type (normally passport)
  • Travel document number (expiry date and country of issue for passport)
  • [For US travellers] Address of the first night spent in the US (not required for US nationals, legal permanent residents, or alien residents of the US entering the US)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) – US Customs and Border Protection
  2. ^ US Customs and Border Protection
  3. ^ ICAO Facilitation Section: Advance Passenger Information (API)
  4. ^ FAL-12-WP-15 FACILITATION (FAL) DIVISION — TWELFTH SESSION Cairo, Egypt, 22 March to 2 April 2004 Agenda Item 2
  5. ^ http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/travel/pleasure_boats/private_flyers/
  6. ^ http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/travel/inspections_carriers_facilities/apis/private_aircraft.xml
  7. ^ eAPIS
  8. ^ aircanada.com – Travel Info – Advance Passenger Information

External links[edit]