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Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft
HAL AMCA fifth generation fighter aircraft.jpg
A CGI Generated model of the AMCA
Role Stealth multirole fighter
National origin India
Manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
Designer Aeronautical Development Agency, Defence Research and Development Organisation
Status Under development
Primary users Indian Air Force
Indian Navy

The HAL Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is a single-seat, twin-engine fifth-generation[1] stealth multirole fighter being developed by India. It will complement the HAL Tejas, the Sukhoi/HAL FGFA, the Sukhoi Su-30MKI and the Dassault Rafale. Unofficial design work on the AMCA has been started.[2] A naval version is confirmed, as the Indian Navy also contributed to funding. In February 2013, the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) unveiled a 1:8 scale model at Aero India 2013.[3]


HAL AMCA Previous proposal

In October 2008, the Indian Air Force asked the ADA to prepare a detailed project report on the development of a Medium Combat Aircraft (MCA) incorporating stealth features.[4]

In February 2009, ADA director PS Subramanyam said at an Aero-India 2009 seminar, that they are working closely with Indian Air Force to develop a Medium Combat Aircraft. He added that according to the specification provided by the Indian Air Force, it would likely be a 20-ton aircraft powered by two GTX Kaveri engines.[5]

In April 2010, the Indian Air Force issued the Air Staff requirements (ASR) for the AMCA which placed the aircraft in the 25-ton category.[6]

Funding and future developments[edit]

HAL AMCA launching an Astra AAM Misssile

In November, 2010, the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) sought INR 90 billion (approximately EUR €1,5 billion/ USD $2 billion) of funding for the development of the advanced medium combat aircraft (AMCA).[7] PS Subramanyam subsequently stated, "We have just started working on this fifth-generation aircraft, for which we had already received sanctions to the tune of Rs 1 billion. The way the government is cooperating, I am able to say that we will receive the funding (INR 90 billion) in the next 18 months".[7] Funding will initially be utilized to develop two technology demonstrators and seven prototypes. The first flight test was expected to take place by 2017.[7] Currently, the configuration finalization is planned for 2018, with the first flight planned for 2020.[8]

By August 2011, the aircraft was in preliminary design phase. As of July 2012, with aerodynamic design optimisation near complete, the AMCA's broad specifications are final. The aircraft will have a weight of 16-18 tonnes with 2-tonnes of internal weapons and four-tonnes of internal fuel with a combat ceiling of 15-km, max speed of 1.8-Mach at 11-km.[9] The final design is expected to be shown to the air force by 2012, after which full scale development on the aircraft may start.[10] In February 2013, the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) unveiled a 1:8 scale model at Aero India 2013.[3]

Temporary intermission[edit]

The Ministry of Defense had put the project on hold wanting to make up for the protracted delays incurred by the ADA during the development of HAL Tejas.[11] According to a top Defence Ministry source, ″This decision was taken recently to let the ADA focus on the LCA project.″[11]

Restart of work on AMCA[edit]

It was reported in January 2014 that work on AMCA has again commenced after HAL Tejas attained IOC, and that the AMCA will be developed by 2018.[12]


The AMCA will be designed with a very small radar cross-section and will also feature serpentine shaped air-intakes, internal weapons and the use of composites and other materials. It will be a twin-engined design using an imported engine as Kaveri has been cancelled. As part of the multidisciplinary design optimisation (MDO) currently on for the AMCA—wind-tunnel testing model of the MCA airframe was seen at Aero-India 2009.[13] —that design-based stealth features will include further optimised airframe shaping, edge matching, body conforming antennae and a low IR signature through nozzle design, engine bay cooling and work on reduced exhaust temperature.[2][9] The aircraft will have an internal weapons bay and radar-absorbent paint and composites.[14]

As well as advanced sensors the aircraft will be equipped with missiles like DRDO Astra and other advanced missiles, stand-off weapons and precision weapons.[15] The aircraft will have the capability to deploy Precision Guided Munitions. The aircraft will feature extended detection range and targeting range with the ability to release weapons at supersonic speeds. The aircraft's avionics suite will include AESA radar, IRST and appropriate electronic warfare systems and all aspect radar warning receiver (RWR), Laser warning receiver (LWR), missile warning suite.[2][16]

In the Paris Air Show 2013, ADA revealed that the AMCA will have "net-centric warfare, vehicle management (including weapons), data fusion, decision aids, integrated modular avionics, internal carriage of weapons, signature control with sharpening for low observability, AESA radar, IR search-and-track, supersonic persistence, high-speed weapon release and thrust vectoring." The aircraft is designed to be multi-role, with the ability to undertake both long and short-range missions, and conduct both air-to-air and strike missions. Unlike the HAL Tejas which has a digital flight-control computer and hydraulic controllers, the AMCA is likely to have a distributed processing system employing fast processors and smart subsystems and will be electronically controlled via a "central computational system connected internally and externally on an optic-fiber channel by means of a multi-port connectivity switching module". This would require using the IEEE-1394B-STD rather than MIL-STD-1553B databus standard.[17]

The product design work of Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft has been started by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the vehicle is expected to be ready in 2018, Dr Tamilmani, Director General (Aeronautical Systems) DRDO, Bangalore has said.

Speaking to reporters on the sidelines of the three-day international meet on 'Product Life Cycle, Modelling, Simulation and Synthesis (PLMSS) at VIT university on Monday,’ he said the aircraft would be equipped with twin engines with super cruise power and for the first time it would be using the stealth technology to 'hide' from radar surveillance.



All figures from SP's Aviation[9] and Dainik Bhaskar.[18]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 (pilot)
  • Length: 13.20 m (43 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.20 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 4.40 m (14 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 38.4 m² (413 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 16-18 tons ()
  • Max. takeoff weight: 22-24 tons two tonnes of internal weapons and four tonnes of internal fuel ()
  • Powerplant: × unknown will be imported as Kaveri cancelled


See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  1. ^ "New Design For Indian Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft". Aviation Week. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "DRDO To Complete Feasibility Study For Indian Stealth Fighter Project". Defence News. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "AMCA to be studded with new-age technologies". Indian Express. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "India reveals plan to develop indigenous medium fighter". Flight global. 
  5. ^ "After LCA it’s Medium Combat Aircraft". Hindu. 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "India's Indigenous 5th-Gen Combat Plane to Boast Of Condition Monitoring Systems". Defence Now. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "ADA seeks $2 bn for advanced medium combat aircraft". Business Standard. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Advanced medium combat aircraft first flight likely in 2020", Flight global, 7 February 2013 
  9. ^ a b c "India's own AMCA fighter". SP's Aviation.net. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Surya Gangadharan (7 August 2011). "India to build its own stealth fighter jet". IBNlive.com. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  11. ^ a b By NC Bipindra - NEW DELHI (14 April 2013). "Tejas grounds Medium Combat Aircraft project". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "AMCA will be completed by 2018". The New India Express. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "The Hindu News Update Service". Hindu.com. 13 February 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  14. ^ New Design For Indian Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft - Aviation Week & Space Technology
  15. ^ "Medium Combat Aircraft". MCA Handouts at AI-09. Aeronautical Development Agency. 13 February 2009. Archived from the original on 23 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  16. ^ "HAL AMCA: India's highly-classified fighter aircraft project". Daily Bhaskar. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  17. ^ Karnozov, Vladimir (13 June 2013). "Indian ‘Home-Grown’ AMCA, An Alternative To FGFA". AIN Online. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "HAL AMCA: India's highly-classified fighter aircraft project". Dainik Bhaskar. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 

External links[edit]